The development of industry is not only the strengthening of the economy, but also the pollution of the surrounding country. Environmental problems have become global in our time. For example, in recent decades, the problem of shortage of drinking water has been relevant. There are still problems of pollution of the atmosphere, soil, water by various industrial wastes and emissions. Some other types of industry contribute to the destruction of flora and fauna.
Increase in harmful emissions into the environment
An increase in the volume of work and the number of manufactured products leads to an increased consumption of natural resources, as well as an increase in harmful emissions into the environment. The chemical industry poses a very big threat to the environment. Dangerous emergencies, obsolete equipment, non-compliance with safety rules, design and installation errors. Various kinds of problems in the enterprise occur through the fault of a person. The consequences of this can be explosions and natural disasters.
Another threat is the oil industry. Extraction, processing and transportation of a natural resource contributes to water and soil pollution. Another sector of the economy that worsens the environment is the fuel and energy and metallurgical industries. Emissions of harmful substances and waste that enter the atmosphere and water damage nature. The natural landscape and the ozone layer are destroyed, acid rains fall. The light and food industry is also a constant source of hazardous waste that pollutes the environment.
Processing of wood raw materials
The cutting down of trees and the processing of wood raw materials cause great harm to the environment. As a result of this, not only a large amount of waste is generated, but also a large number of plants are destroyed. In turn, this leads to the fact that the production of oxygen decreases, the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increases, and the greenhouse effect increases. Many species of animals and birds that lived in the forest are also dying. The absence of trees contributes to climate change: temperature changes become sharp, humidity changes, soils change. All this leads to the fact that the territory becomes unsuitable for human life, and they become environmental refugees.
So, the environmental problems of industry today have reached a global character. The development of various sectors of the economy leads to environmental pollution and depletion of natural resources. And all this will soon lead to a global catastrophe, a deterioration in the life of all life on the planet.