Environmental problems of the Sea of ​​Azov briefly and ways to solve them

The shallowest sea on the planet is the Sea of ​​Azov and it is a unique natural object. The rich world of flora and fauna is presented in the water area, and in the waters there is a healing silt, which is used for therapeutic purposes.

However, at the moment, the ecosystem of the Sea of ​​Azov is being intensively depleted by human activities, which leads to environmental degradation. First of all, people consider the water area as a source of enrichment. They catch fish, develop health centers and tourism activities. In turn, the sea does not have time to carry out self-purification, water loses its useful properties. The environmental activities of people in this area have moved not only to second place, but to tenth.

Factors of pollution of the Sea of ​​Azov

At the moment, there are many environmental problems of the sea:

  1. water pollution by industrial, agricultural and domestic effluents;
  2. spill of oil products on the water surface;
  3. unauthorized fishing in large quantities and during spawning seasons;
  4. construction of reservoirs;
  5. dumping pesticides into the sea;
  6. water pollution by chemicals;
  7. dumping of garbage into the sea by people resting on the coast;
  8. construction of various structures along the coast of the water area, etc.d.

Pollution from industrial waste

This problem applies to most water areas of the planet. Significant damage to the Sea of ​​\u200b\u200bAzov is caused by the waters of the rivers flowing into it. They are already saturated with heavy metals, toxic substances that are not processed in water, but poison marine life. The amount of thiocyanates exceeds the permissible norm by 12 times, and the presence of phenols by 7 times. This problem arises due to the activities of industrial enterprises that do not bother to purify water, but immediately dump it into rivers, which carry pollutants into the sea.

How to save the Sea of ​​Azov?

There are many examples of the death of water areas. So the Caspian Sea is on the verge of disaster, and the Aral Sea may disappear altogether in the near future. The environmental problems of the Sea of ​​Azov are significant, and if active environmental protection is not carried out, the problem of this area may also come close to disaster. To avoid these consequences, you must act:

  • control the treatment of industrial and municipal wastewater;
  • regulate maritime transport;
  • to reduce dangerous cargo transportation by sea;
  • breed marine species of animals and fish;
  • tougher penalties for poachers;
  • constantly monitor the water area and the coast of the sea.
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