Equatorial climatic belt description and characteristics


The equatorial belt passes through the equator of the planet, which has unique weather conditions distinguishing from other climatic zones. Here all the time high air temperatures and rains regularly go. There are practically no seasonal differences. The summer here is summer.

Air masses are large volumes of air. They can extend into thousands and even millions of kilometers of square. Despite the understanding of the air mass as a total volume of air, winds of different nature can move inside the system. This phenomenon may have different properties. For example, some masses are transparent, others dusty; some moist, others have different temperatures. In contact with the surface, they acquire unique properties. In the process of moving, the mass can cool, heat, moisturize or become dry.

Air masses, depending on the climate, can “dominate” in the equatorial, tropical, moderate and polar belt. The equatorial belt is characterized by high temperature indicators, a lot of precipitation and rising air movements.

The amount of precipitation in these areas is huge. Thanks to the heat climate, the indicators rarely when they are less than 3000 mm in the zone, data on a loss of 6000 mm or more are recorded on the windy slopes.

Characteristics of the climatic zone

The equatorial belt is not recognized as the best place for life. This is due to the climate inherent in these areas. Not every person can withstand such conditions. The climatic belt has unstable winds, abundant precipitation, the presence of hot and wet climate, the predominance of dense multitiered forests. In these areas, people are faced with heavy tropical rains, high temperature, reduced pressure.

The animal world is very diverse and rich.

The temperature of the equatorial climatic zone

The average temperature regime is +24 +28 degrees Celsius. The temperature may change by no more than 2-3 degrees. The warmest months are March and September. The maximum amount of solar radiation is received in this zone. Air masses here are wet and the level reaches 95%. In this precipitation zone, about 3000 mm falls out per year, and in some places and more. For example, on the slopes of some mountains there are up to 10,000 mm per year. The amount of moisture fumes is less than rain falls. In the summer, showers are north of the equator, and in the winter south. Winds in this climatic zone are unstable and weakly expressed. In the equatorial belt of Africa and Indonesia, monsoon air flows prevail. Eastern passats are predominantly circulated in South America.

Wet forests grow in the equatorial zone with a rich species variety of vegetation. The forest also has a huge number of animals, birds and insects. Despite the fact that there are no seasonal changes, but seasonal rhythms are present. This is expressed by the fact that the periods of plant life in different species occur at a certain time. Such conditions contributed to the fact that in the equatorial zone there are two periods of harvesting.

River basins located in this climatic zone are always fullterm. A small percentage of water is consumed. The currents of the Indian, Pacific and Atlantic Oceans have a great influence on the climate of the equatorial zone.

Where is the equatorial climatic belt

The equatorial climate of South America is localized in the Amazon area with tributaries and moist forests, And Ecuador, Colombia. In Africa, equatorial climatic conditions are located in the Gulf of Guinea, as well as in the area of ​​Lake Victoria and the Verkhovyev Nile, the Congo River basin. In Asia, part of the Indonesian islands lies in the equatorial climatic zone. Also, such climatic conditions are characteristic of the southern part of Ceylon and the Malacca Peninsula.

So, the equatorial belt is an eternal summer with regular rains, constant sun and warmth. There are favorable conditions for living people and agriculture, with the ability to collect a rich crop twice a year.

States located in the equatorial climatic zone

Bright representatives of states located in the equatorial belt are Brazil, Gayan and Venezuela Peru. As for the Africa material, such countries as Nigeria, Congo, the Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea and Kenya, Tanzania should be distinguished. There are also islands of Southeast Asia in the equatorial belt.

In this belt, groundbased natural zones are distinguished, namely: the zone of moist equatorial forest, the natural zone of Savann and Rylezia, as well as the zone of highaltitude span. Each of them includes certain countries and continents. Despite the location in one belt, the terrain has vivid distinctive features, which is expressed in the form of soil, forests, plants and animals.

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