Russia lies in different climatic zones, respectively, many natural zones with a rich plant world have formed here. Not all corners of Eurasia have a clear cycle of seasons, so the flora in various latitudes is interesting and peculiar.
Flora of the Arctic
In the far north of the country are the Arctic deserts. In winter, the temperature drops to –60 degrees Celsius, and in the summer there are no more than +3 degrees. The territory is entirely covered by glaciers and snow, so it is difficult to say that plants grow here in a classical performance. All that is here is mosses and lichens. In summer, you can sometimes find alpine foxes, the stone of snow and the arch of the Arctic.
The stone is snowy
The tundra is mainly always winter, and the summer is shortterm. Frosts fall to –50 degrees Celsius, and for a long time of the year it is snowing here. Mosses, lichens and dwarf trees are widespread in the tundra, the flora blooms in the summer. The following plant species are found here:
The highlander is vigorous
The plant world of the taiga
Taiga is much richer to species variety of plants than tundra. Coniferous trees grow here taiga forests. Summer in these parts is very warm, although it does not last long. Winter with harsh frosts and snowfall prevails. The main representatives of the forest are pines, spruce and fir. They are tall, but through their needles the sun’s rays do not reach the earth, so herbs and shrubs do not grow here. In some places where the sun comes, herbs and berry bushes grow, as well as mushrooms. This is a spring, Brunner Siberian, blueberries, Daurian rhododendron, juniper, lingonberry, Asian swimsuit.
Forests mixed and broadleaved wide stripes cover part of Eurasia. Species diversity depends on a specific location and ecosystem. In those forests that lie nearby with the taiga, in addition to broadleaved breeds, spruce and pine trees, larch and fir. The closer to the south, the more maples, linden, oaks, alder, elm, birch. Among shrubs grows, hazel and rosehip grow. There is a variety of berries, flowers and herbs:
White water lily
The buttercup is caustic
Steppe and foreststeppe plants
The peculiarity of the flora of the steppe is that hundreds of species are destroyed and many ecosystems have been greatly changed, since people use the steppe for agriculture, so instead of wild multigrass, agricultural fields and places for grazing cattle are here. In this area, the richest soil. In those places where reserves and reserves are organized, nature in its original form has still been preserved. There are different types of tulips and sage of Lugovoi, irises and cherry steppe, some types of mushrooms (for example, champignons) and cutting, feather and kermek, astral and field sowing, vaslek and tsmin, nine and parsniper, tenacious cleansing and hemopuls.
Flora of deserts and semideserts
In the territories in which desertification occurs, and where there are deserts for hundreds of years, a special world of flora has formed. At first glance, there is not enough here that grows. But it is not so. There are oases in the deserts, and after the rain (it happens very rarely, once every few years), the desert blooms with amazing colors and shimmers with all the colors of the rainbow. Who saw a flowering desert can never forget this excellent phenomenon. In this natural zone, wormwood and rebellion, camel spine and hodgepodge, cams and kendir, sandy acacia and tulips, saxaul and conifers are growing in this natural zone, as well as various cacti and ephemera.
Plants of mountains
On the territory of the mountains there are almost all natural zones: mixed forests, and taiga, and foreststeppe. High in the mountains are cold, here are glaciers and snow cover. Various coniferous and broadleaved trees grow on the slopes. Among flowers, plants and herbs, the following species should be noted:
Eurasia has many endangered species of flora listed in the Red Book. They are under state protection and they cannot be broken off. This is a skewed lilia and Krasnodnev yellow, a largeflowered shoe and Siberian kandyk, a yellow water lily and a highscale scale. To preserve the plant world, national parks, reserves and reserves were created: Khnggan, Sikhote-Alinsky, Lazovsky, Ussuri, Baikal, Prioksko-Terraly, Kuznetsk Altau, Pillars, Kronotsky, Caucasus, Caucasus, Caucasus, Caucasus, Caucasus. They are aimed at maintaining nature in wild and save as many ecosystems of the country as possible.