Exhaustible Natural Resources Types and Examples of Exhaustible Resources

All natural resources of our planet according to the type of exhaustibility are divided into inexhaustible and exhaustible. If everything is clear with the first ones humanity will not be able to fully spend them, then with exhaustible ones everything is more difficult. They are also divided into subspecies depending on the degree of renewal:

  • non-renewable soil, rocks and minerals;
  • renewable flora and fauna;
  • not fully renewable cultivated fields, some forests and water bodies on the continent.
  • Use of minerals

    Minerals are exhaustible and non-renewable natural resources. People have been using them since ancient times. All rocks and minerals are represented on the planet unevenly and in various quantities. If there are a huge amount of some resources and you don’t have to worry about spending them, then others are worth their weight in gold. For example, today there is a crisis of fuel resources:

    Exhaustible Natural Resources Types and Examples of Exhaustible Resources
  • oil reserves will last for about 50 years;
  • natural gas reserves will be exhausted in about 55 years;
  • coal will last for 150-200 years according to various forecasts.
  • Depending on the amount of reserves of certain resources, they have different values. In addition to fuel resources, the most valuable minerals are precious metals (californium, rhodium, platinum, gold, osmium, iridium) and stones (Eremeevite, blue garnet, black opal, demantoid, red diamond, taaffeite, powderteite, musgravite, benitoite, sapphire, emerald, alexandrite, ruby, jade).

    Soil resources

    A rather significant area of ​​the Earth’s surface is cultivated, plowed up, used for growing crops and livestock pastures. Also, part of the territories is used for settlements, industrial facilities and field development. All this worsens the condition of the soil, slows down the process of soil restoration, and sometimes leads to its depletion, pollution and desertification of land. Man-made earthquakes are one of the consequences of this.

    Flora and fauna

    Plants, like animals, are partially renewable resources of the planet, but due to the intensity of their use, the problem of the almost complete extinction of many species may arise. Every hour, about three species of living organisms disappear from the face of the earth. Changes in flora and fauna lead to irreversible consequences. This is not just the destruction of ecosystems, for example, the destruction of forests, but a change in the environment as a whole.

    Thus, the exhaustible natural resources of the planet are of particular value in that they give people life, but the rate of their recovery is so low that it is calculated not in years, but in millennia and even millions of years. Not all people are aware of this, but it is necessary to save natural benefits today, since some destruction can no longer be repaired.

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