The family of greenhouses traditionally divide three subdits: nonwound, camel and ruminant.
Classically nonwounded artniccent consists of three existing families: Suidae (pigs), Tayassuidae (collar bakers) and fussing (hippo). In many modern taxonomies, hippopotams are placed in their own subordinate Cetancodonta. The only existing group in camel is the Camelidae family (camels, llama and wild camels).
The subordinate gum is represented by families such as: giraffidae (giraffes and OKAPI), cervidae (deer), tragulidae (small lenki and Olenki), antilocapridae (vylorogic) and bovidae (antelopes, cattle, sheep, goats).
Subgroups differ in various characteristics. Pigshaped (pigs and bakers) retained four fingers of about the same size, have simpler molars, short legs and often enlarged fangs. In camels and ruminants, as a rule, longer limbs, they step only by the central two fingers (although the external two are preserved as rarely used rudimentary fingers) and have complex cheeks and teeth that are well suitable for lingering hard herbs.
Who are articulate and why they are called that? What is the difference between species from the family of greenhouses and unpaired animals?
Sajooped (steamed, artiodyl, whalepoprotynaya (latch. CETARTIODACTYLA)) the name for an ungulative, mainly herbivore, ground mammal related to the Artiodactyla detachment, which has an astral with two pulleys (bone in an ankle joint) with an even number of functional fingers (2 or 4). The main axis of the limb passes between two middle fingers. Pired chosen ones have more than 220 species, are the most numerous ground mammals. They have a great gastronomic, economic and cultural significance. A person uses domesticated species for the production of milk, wool, fertilizers, medicines and as pets. Wild species, such as antelopes and deer, provide not so much food as the sports hunting excitement satisfies, are a miracle of nature. Wild greenhouse plays a role in groundbased food chains.
Symbiotic relationships with microorganisms and long digestive tracts with several gastric chambers allow most of the greenhouses to eat exclusively plant foods, digest substances (such as cellulose), which otherwise have small nutritional value. Microorganisms provide protein for greenhouses, microbes have received a habitat and a continuous hit of a plant substance, in the digestion of which they take part.
Glossy wool from white to pale gray-brown, lighter in summer and darker in winter. Hopper, bottom of the body, limbs and lips white.
Types of subfamily have a body and mane, like a horse, and they are called horse antelopes. Males and females look the same and have horns.
The top of the body with color from gray to brown. The legs are darker. The stomach is white. There is a straight mane with dark tips on the neck and in the withers, and on the throat is a bright “beard”.
The largest wild ram in the world, with large, massive, rounded by front edges, corrugated, with full development forming a full circle with horns.
Baran is mountainous
Color from light yellow to dark gray-brown, sometimes white wool (especially in the elderly). The bottom is whitish and separated by a dark stripe on the sides.
Dark brown wool up to 50 cm in length long and shaggy on the shoulder blades, front limbs, neck and shoulders. Light-red-brown calves.
The back is purple-gray-brown, from the bottom the pinkish. On the muzzle of pink spots, especially around the eyes, ears and cheeks. The skin is almost without wool, moistened with mucous glands.
Smooth hairless skin from black and brown to purple, the cheeks are painted in pink. The secretion of mucus retains the skin of moist and shiny.
Short glossy fur of a saturated red-chestnut color, darker in elderly males, with 10-15 vertical white stripes on the body.
These buffaloes are from grayish-gray to black, massive and barrel-shaped, with rather short legs. Males are much larger than females.
The color varies from dark brown or black (in savannah) to bright red (forest buffet). The body is heavy, with stocky legs, a large head and a short neck.
Demonstrate wonderful sexual dimorphism: the length of the horns in males is from 50 to 80 cm, with a characteristic form, very elegant.
Corot of the Amur
It is an endangered view, distributed throughout North-Eastern Asia, including Northeast China, the Russian Far East and the Korean Peninsula.
He has a long neck and limbs, a pointed muzzle, adapted for eating small leaves on prickly shrubs and trees, too high for other antelopes.
The light brown body darkens to the stomach, the limbs are white. The tail is black, noticeably adjacent to the white buttocks, rises in a jump.
Other representatives of the greenhouse
Body wool from gray-brown to reddish-brown. Head and legs are yellowish-brown. The bottom, including the insides of the legs and chin, white.
Light brown fur becomes pink in summer, longer (up to 5 cm) and turns pale in winter. The darker upper layer gradually passes into the white bottom.
Twohumped camel (Bactrian)
Long wool varies in color from dark brown to sand-beige. On the neck mane, on the throat beard. The furry winter fur drops in the spring.
The family is divided into two types: giraffes living in the savannah (Giraffa Camelopardalis) and Living in the Okapia Johnstoni forest.
The fur is dense and dark brown or golden-brown. The neck is short and thick with long wool, crowned with a shoulder hump.
The thick hair is gray on the body, whitish on the stomach, has no marks. Legs and head of a fircolored, and the front limbs darker.
Mountain alpine goat
The length of the wool depends on the season, short and not thick in summer, fluffy with long villi in winter. In summer, the wool is yellowish-brown, the legs are darker.
Brownish hair is rough and bristly, with age it becomes grayish. Muzzle, cheeks and throat seem gray from whitish wool. The back is round, the legs are long, especially in the northern subspecies.
The color varies from light-yellow-brown to almost black, dark brown most common. The head is lighter.
Enzymes, tarzal glands in the waging state are secreted in the hind legs. The horn cycle has a pause between the moment when the horns are dumped, and the beginning of the growth of a new couple.
The color of the wool is quite diverse, the subspecies are distinguished by it. The fur is bright white, reddish-brown or chestnut on the neck.
Mila (deer David)
In the summer, Mila from hoarse to reddish-brown. Possess a feature on the body a long wavy protective wool, it never lies.
Twolayer fur consists of a protective layer of straight, tubular hairs and undercoat. The legs are dark, like the strip along the lower body.
The deer is spotted
The color of the wool is grayish, chestnut, reddish-olive. Chin, belly and throat whitish. White spots on the upper sides are located in 7 or 8 rows.
The velvety fur of a dark brown-brown or purple-red color with a characteristic pattern of horizontal stripes, like a zebra, on the upper legs.
Onehumped camel (Dromedar)
Smooth wool of beige or light brown in wild individuals, the bottom is lighter. In captivity, camels are dark brown or white.
Males are larger than females, mature males have thick, muscular necks. Golden-brown coarse coat with a pale lower part.
Short, smooth summer wool yellowish-brown or reddish-brown in winter becomes chocolate-brown.
The fur consists of a woolen sublayer and coarse wool that protects against bad weather. Summer fur is relatively rare. In winter, the fur is twice as long and 70% thicker.
Winter wool has a reddish or dark brown color and a thick undercoat. Males grow a long shaggy mane around the neck and shoulders, it extends down the front legs.
Dark black-brown wool is thick and shaggy, in domestic jacob the color varies. “Golden” wild yaks are extremely rare.
On all continents, except Antarctica, a family of greenhouses has taken root. People are brought, domesticated and released into the nature of Australia and New Zealand. For this species, the ocean islands are not a natural environment, but even on small distant archipelages in the ocean, representatives of these species survive. The greenhouses live in most ecosystems from the Arctic tundra to the tropical forest, including deserts, valleys and tops of the mountains.
Animals live in groups, even if groups are limited by two or three individuals. However, the floor, as a rule, determines the composition. Adult males live separately from females and young animals.