Family Liley Plants signs and structure, species and examples, leaves, features

The lily family includes about 1300 species of various plants, among which there are perennial herbaceous plants, vines and trees. Almost all representatives have bulbs or corms. Only a couple of species differs in the presence of the rhizome. All types of this family are characterized by the presence of large bulbous roots.

Examples of lily plants

Kalochortus

Kalochortus is a whole genus that combines about 70 different grassy plants. Their appearance is represented by branched stems with flowers that look up or sideways. The peculiarity of this kind is that the flowers differ in shades. In some species, the petals are covered with contrasting spots.

Cardiocrinum

Cardiocrinum is a perennial monocarpic onion plant. The leaves of this flower have a heart shape. It spread widely in the Himalayas, as well as in Asia, Japan, China and the Far East. The leaves of this lily are glossy and wide, gathering in a kind of outlet. The flowering period begins from the end of July. Flowers have a funnel-pipe shape.

Clintonia

In total, 6 varieties of Clintonia are known. These plants grow in the mossy forests of the Himalayas, North America and the Far East. They differ directly and a skewed stem. The flowers are located one by one and have an umbrella’s shape. Squirrel leaves in an amount of 2 to 6 pieces. Berries can be blue or black.

Kandyk

Kandyk is a rather ancient plant. To date, it has spread in many regions. In total, about 30 different species are known that grow in Eurasia, European, China and South America. They are distinguished by coloring and flowering period. As a rule, these are low plants with beautiful lilac flowers.

The hazel grouse imperial

Imperial hazel grouse is a very magnificent flower that attracts attention. It has the appearance of a small tree strewn with bright flowers that resemble a bell. The stem of this plant reaches a length of 1.5 meters. The imperial hazel grouse has become widespread in landscape design, but it has a great mood in growing.

Goose onion

Goose onion is also known by the name of the yellow snowdrop. This is a relatively small genus of small plants of the lily family. The appearance is represented by six small yellow flowers and a small onion from 8 to 15 centimeters high. The flowers are located a bouquet. Near the stem is a narrow leaf with a length of up to 1.8 centimeters.

Lily

Lilia is a native of perennial bulbous plants. This genus includes a hundred various types that spread in Asia and North America. The appearance of the lilies is represented by a straight stem that reaches a height up to 180 centimeters. Sedentary leaves with a length of up to 20 centimeters. The flowers are usually single. Their coloring can be extremely diverse.

Lloydia

Nomoharis

NOTOLIRION

Tecyrtis

Tulip

Hyacinth

Signs of lily

Signs that unite the family of the lily:

  • The presence of one cotyledon in the bud;
  • Leafing of leaves. It can be both linear and arcuate;
  • Plants grown from seeds have a blasphemous root system;
  • Flowers have only a simple perianth.
  • Lillene bulbs can have either perennial or annuals. Annuals resume every year by means of a substantive bulb laid at the base of the peduncle. It remains after the scales of the old bulb. Perennial plants differ in that their bulbs dies all a small part of the scales, the accumulation of which occurs over several annual cycles.

    The structure of the lily

    Liley flowers have extraordinary beauty. They differ in their shape, size, color and aroma. As a rule, the flowers of all lilayers are bisexual and attract insects by the presence of nectar. The color of the flower is quite bright, and they gather in the brushes of the correct shape. In some plants, the flowers are single. The bacticiper is quite small and unpainted. The perianth has a corrugated shape and is painted in pale pink color. On average, it consists of 6 free leaves, which are in two circles.

    Nectarians are distinguished by a primitive structure and are located at the base of the perianth segments. The unions accumulate on the partitions of the ovaries. Lileiny has about 6 stamens forming two circles, the threads of which are taken in the pipe of the perianth or at the base of the segments. A fermented antenatals are attached by the back or base to the threads of the stamens and opened with a longitudinal gap. Pollination of flowers are engaged in various insects and even some birds.

    Liley leaves have a simple structure. They are another and whole. A distinctive feature of all lily is that the leaves are never attached in rows. Most often they grow at the base of the stem. Most plants in the family of the lily form of the leaves are oblong, linear or oval. Aboveground stems can be facing or impersonal. In plants with impersonal stems, the leaves are localized in a bunch of soil itself.

    The fetus is characterized. It bursts on 3 wings during ripening. Seeds differ in the shape of a ball or flat circles. Inside the seed is an embryo with a welldeveloped endosperm. In some plants of the family, the fruit is represented by the berry.

    Poisonous lily

    The most common poisonous plants of the liley family are: sixline raw eyes, lily of the valley, Zeheritsa Ostrodolny and bought Maksimovich. Consider each of them in more detail:

  • Raven’s eyes. It is a perennial plant that can reach a height of 17 centimeters. The leaves are painted dull green and are distinguished by an elongated shape with strong pointing. They are assembled by mutovs at the end of the stem in the amount of 6-8 pieces. You can meet this plant in mixed and coniferous forests, as well as in the mountains and valleys. The raven of the eye on the territory of South and Middle Sakhalin spread.
  • The poisonousness of the brown eye is due to the presence in his composition of Saponin-Parisitifin. This toxic substance is practical in all parts of the plant. Its use causes vomiting. The leaves of this plant are distinguished by an unpleasant and firing smell. Animals do not eat a raven eye. The poisonous substance has a negative effect on the heart, nervous system and stomach. A sign of poisoning is abdominal pain and diarrhea.

  • Lily of the valley. It is a perennial plant that can reach 20 centimeters of height. Landysh leaves are quite large with pointed oblong shape. Flowers in the form of a white bell. The fruit of the valley is the berry. He prefers to grow in various forests, mountainous areas and forest clearings.
  • The poisonousness of the valley is associated with substances such as Glucosides, Kovvvvvvvvvvglamarin, Kovallatoxin, Saponin and Conspavlaryrin. If it enters the body, these poisons disrupt the normal functioning of the heart, irritate tissues, cause diarrhea and yellowness in the eyes. In the flowers of the plant there is essential oil and a number of organic acids. When symptoms appear, you must urgently consult a doctor, since poisoning can lead to severe convulsions, shortness of breath and even death.

  • Bought Maksimovich. This is a perennial grassy plant with a very thick rhizome. There are representatives with the height of the stem in a meter. The shape of the stem can be arched and curved. The shape of the leaves is oblong and oval. Flowers have a funnellike appearance and are painted white with green cloves. The fetus is a berry of a red-black color. Growing bought Maksimovich in solitary or small groups.
  • The composition of this plant contains glucosides, which are similar to the glucosides of the valley. Poisoning by this plant is a rather rare phenomenon. It is very similar to poisoning the valley and causes the same symptoms.

  • Chezheitsa is acutelike. A rather large perennial plant, the stem of which can reach one meter of length. The leaves are wide and large, covering the stem. White flowers with a greenish tint. You can meet a hotellike hotel in wet forests and meadows.
  • The plant contains poisons verbitarine and neurin, which are extremely dangerous. About one percent of alkaloids accumulates in the rhizome. Young plants are especially dangerous, since the concentration of toxic substances in them is much higher. As a rule, this plant affects horses and cattle.

    Wild and cultural lily

    The most famous wild plants of the Liley family is goose yellow onion and Siberian spray. They look like low earlynaval grass with narrowed leaves.

    Goose onion

    Goose onion is distinguished by yellow flowers, and splashes blue or blue. As a rule, goose onions grow on the territory of forests, fields and slopes.

    Siberian spray

    Pullings, in turn, spread in oak forests, on forest edges and thickets of shrubs.

    According to some reports, the bulbs of many lilies are considered edible. However, for food purposes, exclusively two species of plants of the lily family are grown. These include saffron and asparagus. A spice is obtained from the stigmas of saffron flowers. Young shoots of asparagus are widely used in cooking, since this plant has a pleasant taste, a small calorie content and the presence of a large number of vitamins.

    Therapeutic lily

    Lily of the valley-based drugs are widely used for the treatment of diseases of the cardiovascular system, due to the presence of cardiac glycoside in its composition. It normalizes blood circulation and heart work. Glycosides do not accumulate in the body, so they can be used for heart neurosis, cardiosclerosis, heart defects and heart failure. Quite often they are combined with valerian and hawthorn. In folk medicine, lily of the valley are used as a sedative and diuretic agent.

    Sassaparil

    This plant is used in pharmaceuticals. Medicines based on it were considered a means of combating syphilis, as well as to cleanse blood. At the moment, Sassaparil is used to make tea. This homeopathic remedy is widely used for skin diseases. They are trying to withdraw warts and treat furunculosis.

    Hellebore

    This plant of the lily family is widespread in folk medicine. Alcohol infusions, decoctions and ointments are made from the roots of Cheeritsa. They are used as an analgesic for inflammation of the joints, neuralgia, arthritis and radiculitis. Also, Chemeritsa established herself as a remedy for scabies, dropsy, asthma and depriving.

    It is not necessary to use the above plants without the recommendation of a doctor. In particular, the valley is able to cause serious poisoning. In case of any disease, you need to seek help from professional doctors.

    The value of the lily for humans

    Plants from the lily family are widely used by humans. They were distributed as a decoration of estates, parks and streets. Tulips, lilies and hazel grouse are often used to create beautiful floral arrangements and bouquets.

    Vegetable crops, such as saffron and asparagus, have become indispensable ingredients in the preparation of various dishes. Medicine uses the medicinal properties of these plants for the manufacture of drugs from many diseases.

    The territory of distribution

    Various species of lily plants spread widely in almost the entire globe. The largest number of species grow in the subtropics of Africa, the moderate latitudes of Eurasia and in North America. Their habitat is extremely diverse. They are found both in deserts and on the territory of highmountain ridges.

    Reproduction and features of care

    The propagation of lilyniki can be both vegetative and seed. For planting, they most often use plant bulbs, less often rhizome. Seed reproduction is used quite rarely, since it significantly slows down plant growth. Liley plants are characterized by distribution by dissipating seeds around you. The main conditions of this method are a direct and elastic stem that can swing when the wind. It is noteworthy that plants with a weak stem are distributed through ants. They pull their seeds around the perimeter.

    Most lily plants are quite unpretentious to conditions. They can bloom both in the sun and in the shade. In order to plant lily, it is best to use the neck of the bulb, leaving 2-3 centimeters on the surface of the earth. The first year the plant does not need fertilizer. The flowering period begins from the middle or end of summer. It is best to use neutral or slightly acidic soil. Linene can grow without transplantation for 15 years, but their flowers can be smalled every year, so at the age of 5, they begin to dig out and put in order their root system.

    Propagation scheme of the family

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