Family of plants classes and species with names, types and characteristic features

All plants in the world were distributed by scientists to classes, families and species. So, flowering plants are oneday and dicotyledonous. The first in the germ of the seed only one share, in the second case there are two of them. These classes include families. There are plants with a similar structure of the flower. Plants are also divided into covered and gymnosperms. Flowers in most cases belong to coatedseeded. The last class includes mainly coniferous, but there are small cicada and ging.

Family of twoday, class cover class

Plants of this family have two cotyledons. Usually they have complex leaves. The housing can be cirrus and mesh. Almost all types have many petals, often parts of representatives themselves are always briefly 4.

Crosscolor plants

There are approximately 3,000 representatives of this type. In the family, almost all plants are herbs, insects pollinate them. The variety of fruits is not very large: it is either a nut or a pod. Leaves form a root outlet. The brightest representatives are radishes and mustard, cabbage.

White cabbage

Cabbage is a valuable plant that has been grown for several thousand years. The most common cabbage is white. This culture has been living for two years. At first, the seeds germinate and plants appear from them, which have a stump and round leaves that form heads.

Throughout the second year, stumps begin to turn into rather high stems, on which there are inflorescences. Plant flowers form an inflorescence in the form of a brush, like other representatives of the family. This means that there are already 6 stamens and only one pestle. The fruits are “ready” only by autumn and these are pods, inside of which there are seeds.


Radishes are cultivated less cabbage. The vegetation period of the plant lasts from a month to two. This is usually a biennial culture, but some species have seeds and root crop mature in the first year. There are shovels underground underground, which form a socket.


There are about 2-3 thousand representatives in this families. These include both trees and herbs with shrubs. The leaves always have straps. The family is distinguished by a variety of inflorescences: a brush and an umbrella can occur, shield. Flowers grow one by one, they have only 1 pestle. Petals usually only 5. The fetus is represented by a nut, an apple and a bone. The most famous representatives are apple and drain. Although some scientists distinguish the approvals of apple.

Wild apple tree

Wild species of this plant have a height of 15-20 meters. Usually they grow in small groups, they can be found on the edge. Apple trees rarely form apple forests, but this happens. You can meet this species on the border with the taiga, but most apple trees are in the forest stack.


Another pink family known to everyone drain. The fruit of this tree is a dinner. There is a large oval bone inside it. The color of the fetus can vary from yellow to purple. It always has a whitish raid on it. Plum flowers are located in bundles in the amount of 5 pieces. Stamens in plants about 20.

Legumes (moth)

This family has about 12,000 plants. Usually these are herbs or shrubs whose roots create symbiosis with bacteria fixing nitrogen. There are always straps near the leaves. Inflorescence has the name head. The shape of the flower is always wrong. He always has one pestle, and stamens are about 10. The fetus is Bob. Bright representatives are clover and soy, acacia.

The known plant from this family is a oneyearold or twoyear clover, which has a rod system of roots. You can meet him in America and Eurasia. Several types of clover form rhizomes, on small roots there are always bacteria that assimilate nitrogen. Thanks to them, the soil around the plant becomes more fertile. The leaves of the clover are triple, sometimes the dissected shape of these parts is found. 9 stamens of the plant are growing up, only one remains free. In the ovary is always about 4-6 cords.


Soya is an annual plant whose fruits usually go to the production of flour. It grows in Asia and Africa. Soy stalk reaches 60-100 cm in height. The fruits are small, about 2-5 centimeters each. They usually have three seeds, but sometimes 4.


Scientists distinguish 2,000 plants belonging to nightshade. These include only herbs with simple leaves. Their plate is solid. Paslenov’s stamens have five, there is only one pestle. The fetus is a berry, a box is less common. The brightest representatives are edible tomato, potatoes.


The homeland of tomato is South America. To this day, there are wild plants of this species. He has all the signs of nightshade: the correct flower, in one node one sheet. There are hazardous substances in the tops of the tomato, as in all plants of the family. The stem of the plant can reach two meters in height, and can remain at the level of 50 centimeters. The root system is always a core type.


Potatoes also appeared in South America, where the Indians are still revered. Its bushes usually consist of a pair of stems, their height is about a meter. The shoots of the plants are ribbed, they have underground “tables” on which tubers are formed. The roots are underground at a depth of 30 cm. They continue to develop before the appearance of buds, and die when tubers ripen.

Complexcolored (astrotsynate)

This is a very large family, which includes approximately 25,000 plants. Many of them are often used for decor, for example, asters and chrysanthemums. These are herbs with simple leaves located alternately. Inflorescences are formed from the flowers. The flowers there are linguistic and falsespeaking. The corolla has five blades. The fetus can be either a seed or a fly.  Famous representatives are sunflower, chamomile.


So, the sunflower is an annual plant whose height is about 3 m. The leaves are on the petioles, the stem has no branches. At its top is the inflorescence-basket. It is formed from linguistic flowers and tubular. The former are barren. Each flower has 5 stamens. The sunflower has a fruit called the seed. The plant is traditionally pollinated by insects. Sunflower is resistant to drought, thanks to the developed root system. It is in the soil, at a depth of one and a half meters.

Pharmacy chamomile

Chamomile pharmacy is an annual grass, whose stems are erect. The reed flowers are white and yellowish trumpet forms a basket. Chamomile fruit seed. The location of the leaves is alternately. You can meet this plant in the Caucasus, in the Crimea.

Class families are monotonous

This class includes approximately 60 thousand plants. They are shrubs and herbs. Many of them go to livestock feed. A lot of monodols are aquatic plants. For example, Rogoz and AIR.


There are approximately 4,000 species in this family. There are perennial herbs that have both rhizomes and bulbs. Lily are common all over the world, many representatives grow in meadows and in the savannah. Planting plants can be pollinated by wind and insects. Many lily are used in medicine. The flowers of these plants have a pleasant aroma and are bisexual. They often create inflorescences. The fetus is either a box, like a tulip, or a berry.  Stamens are only 6, and the pestle is one. Very famous representatives are lily, garlic.


Lilia is a perennial plant. It grows in Europe and Asia. Flowers are tubular and funnelshaped, as well as starry. Their length can reach 20 cm. Pollen in pollen of brown or black. The flowering period begins in the spring, and ends at the beginning of autumn.

Garlic “lives” one year. The birthplace of this plant is Asia. The onion is formed by the kidneys. If the garlic grows slowly, weekly bulbs may appear, which include 1 tooth. The leaves are narrow and flat. The roots form a blasphemous root system.

Cereal (rebel)

Cereal plants approximately 10,000. These are mainly herbs, but shrubs are also found. They have a stem that is hollow inside. The leaves of cereals are linear. Plants branches with the help. They have three stamens and one pestle. All representatives have a grain with the fetus. The most famous types of family are wheat, millet, bamboo.



Bamboo is a perennial plant, which is also evergreen. Bamboo leaves are scaly, they have no records. The housing is always parallel. Their width is usually 6-8 cm. The plant flower is pollinated by the wind, it has a reduced perianth. Inflorescences are usually a panicle type.


Family onion

This family has species that are cultivated almost throughout the world with the exception of Australia. All plants have a pungent smell. They are perennial herbs. Usually the family has a single bulb. For example, a giant bow. However, there are those who have onion on the rhizome. Among such plants there are onions. The flowers are bisexual. In the perianth of 6 stamens, one single pestle. The most common type of inflorescence is the head. Onions can multiply with teeth and seeds. Bright representatives are onions, bird beds.


Onions is an annual plant. It is cultivated in Europe and America, in the Mediterranean. Flowers form an umbrella inflorescence. The bulb has no bulbs, the leaves of the plant is linear-lanceolate. The perianth is usually white.


Cherry is a perennial plant. It grows in Europe and Turkey, as well as in the Far East. Cherry leaves have an elliptical shape, their length is about 20 centimeters. Cheremsha is actively used in folk medicine as an antiinflammatory agent.


Gymnosperms are represented mainly by trees and shrubs. These plants grow everywhere. They multiply with seeds in which many useful substances. They have female archegonia and male gametophytes. Graduate has a cambium that forms wood. The roots form a rod root system that copes with its work perfectly.

The class is coniferous

The name suggests that the sheet is an needleshaped needle, but some species have scaly and oval leaves. Listustration is alternately. Many plants of this class have shortened shoots. Bunches of needles grow on them. Seeds develop in complex inflorescences and are called cones. It happens that cones are similar to berries. An example can be juniper fruits. Seeds are always located on two legs, where they develop. Women’s and men’s cones usually grow on one tree, they are pollinated by the wind.

This class includes evergreen plants, for example, thuja. The exception is the deciduous larch.


The family is pine

These are oneday trees, the leaves of which are located in a spiral. In some plants, shoots can only be elongated, for example, for fir. Others have shortened. For example, cedar. Typically, the needles “live” for about 5 years, but the needles fall away in the larch every year. The kidneys cover small tarry scales. Generative buds form microstrobils and megastrobils. The former are male spikelets, and the latter are female. Microstrobils are at the end of the escape, on them only 2 microsporangia with pollen. There are 4 seeds on megastrobils.

Many plants are in the northern hemisphere, some spruce and fir are growing even on the territory of the Arctic Circle.

Original spruce

Ordinary spruce is a conical tree. Its height is about 20-60 meters. The needles are dark green. Bumps of brown wood, their length is about 15 centimeters. This plant is quite frostresistant, grows in cool places. Spruce is a very common view of Europe.


Cedar is a tree with a height of 30-50 m, it has a pyramidal or sprawling root system. There are usually 30 pieces in a bunch of needles. Their form is trihedral. Cedar bark of gray. Eggshaped wood cones, their width is approximately 6 cm. Cones ripen 3 years after the formation.

The family is cypress

This family includes evergreen plants with a opposite leaf support. Leaves of trees and shrubs are usually needle. Men’s cones are smaller than female, in them from 2 to 6 sporangis. Female more wooden.

Cypressovs are common both in the southern and northern hemisphere. In Eurasia, the family is represented by juniper and cypress.

Juniper is ordinary

Ordinary juniper a tree growing on the territory of the CIS. The leaves of the plant are needle, usually in the mutovka there are only 3 of them. This is a dioecious tree forming a pins. Ripening occurs only in the second year. Wood is often used for crafts. Oil is made from juniper.


Kiparis is a tree that prefers warm areas in Europe and Asia. The leaves of the tree are scaly, their arrangement is opposite. Ripened cones are in the shape of a ball.


These are dioecious trees, the height of which is from 3 to 80 meters, but usually it is small shrubs 1 meter high. The largest plant is the founding of the Uzbarian. The location of the leaves in representatives of the family is usually the next, but there is also a opposite. The leaves can be scaly and needleshaped.

So, a bright shelter is a dacridida skeleton. It grows in New Zealand. Experts found that the seedlings have Iggy leaves that exist if the food of food provides cotyledons. Then flat leaves are formed, and the plant produces more oxygen.

Parasitics scorched

Another interesting representative is the parasite scorched. This is a parasitic plant that can only be found in New Caledonia. This is a singleday shrub, whose height is on average 50 cm. Parasitic leaves are fleshy, their width is slightly more than 1 mm. A shrub is usually on the roots.

The family is true

The family includes evergreen trees. At the moment, the family includes only 31 types. Almost all plants are located in areas with a temperate climate. TISOV representatives are dioecious. Their leaves are usually narrow or represented by torre. They are quite hard. The cones are always samesex. Microsporophyll has about 8 microsporangia, and megasporophyll can also consist of one seed.

TIS is pointed

A bright representative is a pointed. It grows in Japan and Korea, in Primorye. Its height varies from a meter to 20. The root system of this tree is branched. Can multiply with seeds and cuttings. In natural conditions, seeds can sprout only after a few years.

Ginking class

In the distant past, this class dominated the planet, he even survived dinosaurs. To date, only one plant remains ginkgo twoblade. It can only be found in China. Gray tree trunk, its height is about 30 meters. As the tree is aged, the crown becomes wider. The female plants have a more round crown. Tree leaves of a very unusual fanshaped shape.


CLACK class, or sagot

Sagovnikovs are easy to meet in the tropics, now there are only 120 species in the family. They are dioecious. However, millions of years ago they were very common. Plant height varies from 2 to 10 meters. The trunk of the tree envelops the shell consisting of dead leaves. In the initial stage of development, the leaves are rolled up, they have a wide vein in the middle. The plant plants have mobile sperm.

The most interesting representative is the encephalors excellent. It is a dioecious palm tree that does not have a barrel. Cirrus and hard leaves. Flowers of both sexes are in the outlet of the leaves.

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