Family of poppy plants representatives with photos, names and description

The poppy family includes about 45 ranges and 700 varieties of plants. They are widespread in the territories of the northern-dimensional zone. Plants of the poppy family grow on soils with insufficient moisture, therefore most often found in the steppes, semideserts and deserts. It is noteworthy that almost all plants of this family are poisonous to a greater or lesser extent. They contain alkaloids. For this reason, they are not eaten by cattle, and are also quite often used for decorative purposes.

Types of poppy plants












Glaucium, or Mach










Characterization of the poppy family

The poppy family is distinguished by a wide variety of life forms. It includes various herbaceous one- and perennial plants, as well as shrubs and small trees. There are even vines of vine. They have a thin and winding stem that can reach 3 meters of length.

Plants of the poppy family are covered with next leaves. The upper ones have a mutated or opposite structure without leaks. Leaves at the roots can form a thick outlet. The very shape of the leaf plate in various plants of the family is very different.

Signs of the poppy family

Poppy flowers can be assembled in uppercolor inflorescences. But most often they are located singlely on long erect peduncles. There are flowers of completely different sizes and colors. However, for all poppies is characterized by a falling cup, which consists of several cups. Buds have a drooping look. Not all plants are present in corrugations. The petals are whole and have no significant differences from each other. However, the celandine has a little smaller petal. Stamens in most cases numerous. Their number can vary from 4 to 12. Many poppies are endowed with free stamens.

Almost all poppy plants are pollinated by insects. They produce pollen in very large quantities. Thanks to this, they attract various insects, in particular, flies and small beetles. Large insects like bumblebees and beetles sit on wide sitting stigmas. Also, the flowers of poppies serve as a refuge for many insects.

The fruit body has the appearance of a dry box, which can be either patching and rounded shape. It cracks when the flower dries. In some plants, it is revealed by pores in the upper part. The emerging seeds are quite small and have a strong oily endosperm.

Medicinal poppy plants

Representatives of the poppy family contain a large number of different alkaloids. As a rule, these are derivatives of isokhinolin. The medicinal properties of the plant plants have been known since antiquity. Now they are widely used in folk medicine.

Main medicinal plants:

  • The celandine is large. This is a perennial grassy plant that reaches a height up to 100 centimeters. It has a multiheaded rhizome and thick root. All the leaves are deeply perilled with several pairs of shares, which have a round shape and an uneven-born surface. Yellow flowers.
  • The celandine is large

    This plant contains about 20 alkaloids. They have completely different properties. Most often celandine are used as antispasmodics, choleretic and antiinflammatory. Helidinin alkaloid, which is contained in this plant, gives a pronounced painkiller and soothing effect.

  • Mack is sleeping. This is an annual cultivated plant that can reach a length of up to one and a half meters. They are represented by a small stem covered with wax coating. The leaves of the roots are elongated, and on the stems simple and coarse. The flowers are quite large and can be both white and dark violet color. The entire plant contains milky juice, which is extremely poisonous.
  • Mack is sleeping

    The plant contains alkaloids, as well as glycosides, organic acids, fatty oil, flavonoids and vitamin C. The seeds have a large concentration of fats, proteins, sugar and about 20 different alkaloids. Pharmacological use of sleeping pills is due to the presence in its composition of morphine, codeine and papaverine. Morphine is used as a serious analgesic, in cases of insomnia due to pain. Codein is used to reduce the excitation of the cough center. Papaverine is used as antispasmodics.

    There are still a large number of plants of the poppy family, which are widely used in medicine. However, it is important to understand that using these plants independently is extremely dangerous.


    Poppy ones are annual or perennial herbs, some of which have milky juice, with the next simple leaves. The flowers of these plants can be both correct and irregular in shape. Fruits look like dry boxes of semicircular or patching shape. Poppy seeds are widely used in cooking. This family differs in that it has a number of medicinal properties that were used in antiquity. In particular, in folk medicine, celandine was widespread, which is represented by the poisonous juice of poppy plants.

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