The pinkflowered family is considered one of the largest families of flowering plants. It includes about 100 genera and 2000 types. It combines various shrubs, herbs and trees. Most often they are represented by another, and a little less often opposite, simple and complex leaves. The flowers have the correct shape and are located singlely or in inflorescences. Fruits can be seeds, hazel, dots, leaflets, berries and apples. Based on the features of flowers and fruits, the family of pinkflowers is divided into another 4 subfamily: spiree, pinkflowing, apple and plum.
Representatives of the family are pinkflowered
Spirea is a genus that belongs to the family of pinkflowered. It has about 70 different types. Spirea has whole leaves that are located alternately. Flowers can be both pink and white. These plants are characterized by a long flowering period and unpretentiousness. They differ in size, color of flowers, the shape of inflorescences and flowering period. Among spire plants, you can choose a variety for every taste, as well as for various sites. These plants are considered the best shrubs for landscaping the territory.
Rosocomial (or pink) is the subfamily of pinkflowers, which has about 1700 varieties. It is the largest among all pinkflowered. Plants of this subfamily are found in various plant communities: tundra, boreal and tropical forests, mountainous areas. In the subfamily pink there are only a few low trees that are the views of the African family. Most often, all pinkflowered ones are shrubs, herbs and halfbrushes. The subfamily of pink gave the world many useful plants: raspberries, blackberries, cloudberry and princesses.
This subfamily of pinkflowers has 600 different species of plants. They spread widely in the temperate and subtropical zones of the Northern Hemisphere. Plants of this subfamily are pollinated by insects. Their flowers are quite bright and can be white, pink, orange and red. Fruits are juicy apples that differ in size. Apple plants have adapted well to mountainous areas. Many pears, apple trees and mountain ash grow in light edges of the mountain slopes, as well as in mountain gorges.
Plum is a subfamily, which includes about 400 types. Most often they are found in North America, moderate and subtropical Eurasia. Plums are represented by evergreen and deciduous trees. Their leaves are simple and free. Flowers can be assembled in bundles or located single. The fetus is a dinner. The flowering period begins in spring. During this period, trees are covered with a beautiful white-pink haze and spread a pleasant aroma that attracts insects. Many representatives of the subfamily plum are photophilous plants that live on open slopes, in deciduous and mixed forests.
General characteristics of the family of pinkflowered
The family of pinkflowers combine economic important plants: fruit, honey, decorative and medicinal. Since ancient times, the fruits of many plants, such as blackberries, raspberries, clogging and princesses, have been used in food. A large number of vitamins, useful sugars and acids led to the use of these plants in medicine.
Depending on the type of reproduction, representatives of the pinkflowers have a rod or blasphemer root system. The stems of these plants are most often straight with intervals between nodes. Some species can be curly, creeping and creeping. The leaves are most often solid simple, complex and unpaired. At the base there are stickers, which, depending on the type of plant, can fall out early or persist for a long time.
The structure of pinkflowered plants
Life forms of plants of the family of pinkflowers can be both perennial and annual.
The flowers are single or collected in inflorescences. In most plants, they are entomophilic and cyclic. Are distinguished by welldeveloped gypantia, which can be flat, concave and gorgeous. The perianth is double, sometimes with reduced corolla. Petals only 5, but there are plants with 3.4.6 and 8 petals. The cup has undergiving, which forms the outer circle of cups. Stamens are several times more than a petal. They are located differently 5 or 10 member circles. In the buds of stamens are located inside and slightly rounded. The threads of stamens are thin and free, sometimes fused. Between the stamens and the fruitfuls is a pillow or ringshaped nectar disk. The ovary can be either the upper or the lower.
The stems of almost all roseflowers are erect.
The leaves are opposite. Can be both simple and complex. Equipped free or growing to the petiole of straps. Segments of leaf vessels have simple perforation.
The fruits of pinkflowers can be dry or juicy, depending on the type. There are knuckles, leaflets, boxes and apples. Growing gypantia is involved in the formation of the fetus. It forms the basis for the adaptability of fruits to various methods of distribution. Seeds do not have an endosperm.
Features of the family are pinkflowered
The family of pinkflowered wellpronounced gypantia is distinguished, the presence of leaks in the leaves and under the grassy plants. The flowers are also almost always actinomorphic, cyclic with a double 5-member perianth and polynomial andrceum. Stamens are located in circles in 5 times.
There are no fodder plants among herbaceous pinkflowers, and poisonous are very rare.
Medicinal pinkflowered plants
Plants of the Family of Rosocomials are distinguished by species diversity, each representative of which is endowed with a unique chemical composition. A number of plants are widely used in traditional and folk medicine. Consider the main ones:
The fruits contain up to 7.5% sugar, as well as organic acids, ascorbic acid, vitamins of group B, P, E, carotenoids, kakhetins and mineral salts. Raspberry fruits are used as a diaphoretic and antipyretic. Raspberry leaves have astringent properties and are used for bleeding and diarrhea. Decoctions and infusions are also made from leaves, which are used as a means for rinsing the mouth for coughing and tonsillitis. Raspberry tincture is used for gynecological diseases.
The chemical composition is represented by a large number of carotenoids, ascorbic acid, vitamins P, B, E, sugar, sorbitol, organic acids, essential oils and other substances. Use ordinary mountain ash as a multivitamin agent. The fruits of this tree are considered as a raw material to obtain oil extract. Rowan juice has an antimicrobial property, and also relieves swelling, stops bleeding.
In the fruits of this bushes there is a vitamin P complex, which consists of flavonoids, catechins, anthocyans and ascorbic acid. These berries are used for hypo- and vitamin deficiency P and for the treatment of hypertensive diseases. JOM, formed when squeezing the berry juice, is used in pharmaceuticals for the preparation of tablets, which are used as a P-Avitamin agent. The fruits of this plant are also endowed with hypotensive, choleretic, antispasmodic and antiinflammatory property.
This plant contains essential oils, methyl ether of salicylic acid, flavonoids, quercetin, cumarins, ascorbic acid and a number of trace elements. For the preparation of drugs, the roots, stems, leaves and flowers of this plant are used. Various decoctions, ointments and tinctures are also made from it. A decoction of a visaleaf labazer helps from intestinal disorders, rheumatism, epilepsy, gout and kidney inflammation.
The composition of ordinary bird cherry contains a number of tannins, organic acids, fatty oils, sugar, phytoncides, glycosides, flavonoids and ascorbic acid. Decoctions that have a pronounced antiinflammatory property are made from the fruits of bird cherry. The mature fruits of this plant have a bactericidal, vitamin effect. Wood bark is used as an antipyretic and diuretic drug.
Almost all edible plants of the pinkflowered family are endowed with a large number of vitamins and minerals that prevent the development of diseases and strengthen the immune system. However, to use medicinal decoctions, tinctures and tablets without a doctor’s recommendation is not worth. Some plants may have a number of contraindications.
Plants of the Family Rosocomial family are almost universally. They can be found in the tundra, tropics, subtropical and moderate latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere. The largest number of these plants grows on the edges of the forest and cutting. Representatives of the pinkflowers are the first to take possession of the slopes of ravines, slopes of roads, arable lands. A number of plants have adapted to grassy swamps and river banks.
Pinkflowered plants can multiply in two ways: seeds and vegetatively. Seeds spread through wind or animals. The vegetative method involves the use of plagitropic shoots or underground rhizomes. They sit in neighboring areas, forming whole thickets.
The meaning of the family is pinkflowing
In the natural environment, the existence of birds, animals, insects and plants is very closely connected. Insects feed on pollen and nectar of flowers, potato tutes fruit seeds, larvae of pedicarians eat ovaries of flowers. Many birds eat berries of mountain ash, hawthorn and rosehip. Bears and squirrels love to enjoy the fruits of strawberries, raspberries and strawberries.
The fruits of fruit and berry plants of the Family Family are widespread as food in humans. They are used both in raw form and for the preparation of various syrups and jam. Food and technical oils are made from almonds, which are used in perfumes. Many species of plants have become decorative, and wood is used to make various utensils.