Finnish Spitz: characteristics of the dog breed, photo, character, rules of care and maintenance


  • Country of origin: Finland
  • The size:
  • Growth:
    39–50 cm
  • The weight:
    7–13 kg
  • Age:
    up to 15 years
  • FCI breed group:
    Spitz and breeds of primitive type
  • Brief information

  • A real hunter is smart and brave;
  • Very friendly and loyal dog;
  • Differs in curiosity.
  • Character

    Finnish Spitz dog breed has an ancient history. The character of the Spitz is hardened, and the nerves are strong. Archaeologists discovered the genetic similarity of the representatives of this breed with the northern wolf and the Greenland dog when the remains of these animals were found, which are already more than 8 thousand years old. The domesticated ancestors of the Finnish Spitz lived in northern latitudes and in Central Russia. Finno-Ugric tribes used them for hunting.

    A distinctive feature of dogs of this breed is talkativeness. The Finnish Spitz was used to track prey, the location of which he reported by barking. And in this, the Spitz has no equal: representatives of the breed are able to bark up to 160 times per minute. This quality is a working advantage, but in everyday life it can become a serious disadvantage, because without proper training, the dog can bark uncontrollably at everything.

    By the end of the 19th century, the Finnish Spitz had undergone changes, as the breed was actively interbreeding with other dogs. However, at the beginning of the 20th century, breed fans were still able to achieve the adoption of the Finnish Spitz standard. Over the next 30 years, work was carried out to revive the characteristic breed savvy, activity and slightly square body shape. This led the breed to the appearance that we are familiar with now.

    The Finnish Spitz is a very cheerful, cheerful and energetic dog. Today it is a wonderful companion, devoted to family and owner. However, despite his kindness, he treats strangers with distrust. The Finnish Spitz is not aggressive, he loves to play and gets along well with children, he will gladly support any active type of leisure.

    Like all hunting dogs, it can perceive small animals as prey, so care should be taken when walking and interacting with them. The Finnish Spitz treats other dogs and cats quite calmly, especially if the animals grew up together.

    Finnish Spitz needs education, which is important to start from childhood. Early socialization will prevent the appearance of fear of relatives, and the behavior on the street will not be aggressive and uncontrolled. Basic training, which should be carried out regularly, will allow the owner to better understand his pet. An independent spitz requires a firm hand, otherwise he will take over the owner and will not follow the rules of behavior at home and on the street.


    The Finnish Spitz has a thick coat and undercoat that sheds twice a year. At this time, it is very important to carefully comb the dog. Dead hair can become tangled into tangles, and then the appearance of the dog will become untidy and unrecognizable. In addition, the wool will scatter throughout the house.

    This breed needs to be washed infrequently. It is usually always clear when the dog needs it. Finnish Spitz who live in the house, it is enough to bathe once every one and a half to two months. However, if your pet spends a lot of time outdoors, they may need to bathe more frequently.

    Dogs of this breed are distinguished by strong immunity and do not have characteristic diseases. Like other dogs, the Finnish Spitz needs regular brushing to maintain healthy teeth, which is better to teach a pet from childhood.

    Conditions of detention

    The Finnish Spitz needs an active life, you need to run, walk and play a lot with him. This is not a couch dog. This pet can live in an apartment if the owners have the opportunity to walk it often and for a long time.

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