Fish of the Pacific Ocean what fish live in the Pacific Ocean | Photos and names

The Pacific Ocean is home to a huge number of fish, there are more than 2,000 varieties. Many depths and parts of the ocean have not yet been studied, so it is impossible to give an exact figure. It is believed that most of the various inhabitants in tropical waters. The article will consider the most popular fish of the Pacific Ocean.

pike family

Pike have an arrow-shaped shape, and the body length can reach 1.5 meters. Predatory fish can hunt even in troubled waters, as it has excellent hearing. In the mouth and pike there are a large number of sharp teeth that serve not for chewing prey, but as a weapon. Fish are capable of causing significant injury to fishermen who are not experienced in handling such fish.

Pike (lat. Esox lucius)

White shark family

The white shark is considered a cannibal. The length of an adult individual can reach 11 meters, and the weight varies from 600 to 3 thousand kilograms. The upper body and flanks are grey, while the underparts are off-white. Predatory fish is found in warm or temperate latitudes and prefers to be in the upper part of the water. The high sensitivity of the eyes allows the great white shark to find prey even in total darkness.

White shark (man-eating shark, great white shark, lat. Carcharodon carcharias)

Family of gray sharks

Tiger shark (leopard shark, lat. Galeocerdo cuvier)

Among most sharks, the gray shark family is the most prosperous and highly organized. They have a characteristic shark-like shape. The family includes more than 60 species of sharks. The most common species is the tiger shark, which reaches a length of 9 meters. They are usually found in subtropical and tropical waters. For the sake of prey, the tiger shark can go into shallow water, and sometimes even enters the mouths of rivers.

Blue shark (blue shark, lat. Prionace glauca)

Lemon shark (yellow shark, lat. Negaprion brevirostris)

Blacktip shark (lat. Carcharhinus limbatus)

Family of giant sharks

The giant shark is also called the gigantic. Its characteristic differences from others are its huge size. The length of the largest specimen is 12.27 meters, and the smallest gigantic shark has a length of 1.5 meters. The maximum weight indicator can reach 16 tons. These predators are usually found at a remote distance from the coast, but in some countries the shark can be observed in the coastal zone.

Giant shark (giant shark, lat. Cetorhinus maximus)

Family Scapanorhynchus sharks

This species is also called the goblin shark. The creature has a very scary look. Retractable jaw on the side resembles a wedge. It is considered a rare species, the way of life of which is practically not studied. There are suggestions that it feeds on the bottom inhabitants of the ocean, as it is found exclusively at depth. Length can reach 4 meters.

Goblin shark (scapanorhynchus, lat. Mitsukurina owstoni)

fox shark family

The main distinguishing feature of this family is the long caudal fin, which is typical only for sea foxes. The shark feeds on schooling fish, as well as squid. It lives not only in the open ocean, but can also be in the coastal zone, and sometimes jumps over water. When hunting for prey, fox sharks primarily use their tail as a weapon.

Fox shark (sea foxes, lat. alopias)

Family of dalatian sharks

The family includes 7 genera with 12 species of fish. One of the most famous species is the polar shark. She lives exclusively in cold waters. In summer, it is located at a depth of 150-500 meters. The predator feeds on invertebrates, the corpses of whales, seals, and various fish. The shark can be up to 6.5 meters long and weigh up to 1 ton.

Brazilian glowing shark (lat. Isistius brasiliensis)

Pygmy shark (lat. Euprotomicrus bispinatus)

Nurse shark family

It is generally accepted that this species of sharks are bottom sharks, since they do not dive to a depth of more than 6 meters. They usually live 60-70 meters from the shore. This species is also considered whiskered sharks. It looks like a catfish, due to the antennae. They hunt prey at night, after which they prefer to be in secluded places. If the predator is very hungry, it can profit from its children. Nurse sharks can be up to 3.5 meters long.

Mustachioed shark (lat. Ginglymostoma cirratum)

family of hammerhead sharks

An unusual inhabitant of the ocean, with a hammer-shaped head. The shark is an aggressive predator and there are cases of attacks on humans. In terms of bloodthirstiness, it is second only to the white and tiger sharks. Length reaches 6 meters, and sometimes more. Fish hunt not with the help of vision for prey, but with the help of special receptors. That is why it can get its victim even from the sand.

Common hammerhead shark (lat. Sphyrna zygaena)

Family of multigill sharks

Studies have shown that multigill sharks existed even 150 million years ago. The fish is considered inactive, its activity occurs only at night. A viviparous shark can bring up to 108 offspring. Often lives at a depth of 1900 meters, only occasionally swimming in shallow water in coastal areas. There is a lot of vitamin A in the liver of a predator, so it is used in medicine.

Sixgill shark (lat. Hexanchus griseus)

Other families of Pacific Ocean fish

Sticky family

Ray-finned fish, similar to perch-like fish in several ways, but have a special resemblance to scad fish. The spinal fin is shifted on their heads and is used as a suction cup. With its help, the fish is firmly attached to the surface. Can be attached to large fish and even ships. If you pull such a fish by the tail, it will add even more to the surface.

Sharks Remora (lat. Remora Remora)

The family is herring

The herring family includes herring (lamp) sharks. Body length can vary from 1.5 to 3.5 meters. It is believed that the extinct megalodon also belonged to the herring family. Its length was up to 20 meters, but there were other predators, which Megalodon himself was afraid of. The tail fin in the herring has a sickle shape, and the teeth of a triangular shape.

Mako (Shark) (lat. Isurus oxyrinchus)

Pacific herring shark (lat. Lamna Ditropis)

Atlantic herring shark (lat. Lamna Nasus)

The family is salmon

The salmon family includes 7 genera of fish, which includes pink salmon, trout, chum salmon, sockeye salmon and others. Considered to be predators with a mixed diet. It is important to note that salmon spawning occurs only in fresh and running water. For most salmon species, spawning is the last stage of life. After spawning, the fish dies.

Pink salmon (lat. Oncorhynchus gorbuscha)

Keta (lat. Oncorhynchus keta)

Kizhuch (lat. Oncorhynchus kisutch)

Chinook salmon (lat. Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)

Sockeye salmon (red, lat. Oncorhynchus nerka)

Kunja (lat. Salvelinus leucomaenis)

Mikizha (lat. Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Malma (lat. Salvelinus malma)

Sakhalin taimen (lat. Parahucho perryii)

Family Rincodontaceae

This family includes the whale shark, which is considered the largest in the world. The fish has a huge size, and also has an unusual color. But, despite the size, the shark is considered safe for humans and even often interacts with divers. The maximum body length can reach 20 meters, and the maximum weight is 30,844 kg. Whale shark meat is a real delicacy served in Taiwanese restaurants.

whale shark (lat. Rhincodon typus)

Swordfish family

Instead of scales, fish have rough skin. Swordfish is the only one in this family and is distinguished by a strongly elongated upper jaw, from which the name came. It is rarely found in coastal waters, as it prefers to live in the open ocean. It is highly active and can reach speeds of up to 130 km / h while swimming. It feeds on any inhabitants of the ocean that it meets on the way.

Swordfish (lat. Xiphias gladius)

cod family

Fish from the cod family have a very well developed tail fin. A distinctive feature in the presence of several dorsal fins. They can eat plant and animal food, depending on the variety. Representatives of the cod family can have a wide variety of sizes, ranging from 15 cm to 1.8 meters in length. Small scale covering the body is easy to clean.

Pollock (lat. since 2014. Gadus chalcogrammus, until 2014. Theragra chalcogramma)

Far Eastern navaga (lat. Eleginus gracilis)

Mackerel family

Saira (lat. Cololabis saira)

Bluefish family

Lufar (lat. Pomatomus saltatrix)

perch family

River perch (lat. Perca fluviatilis)

Psycholute family

This inhabitant of the underwater world can hardly be called a fish because of its extremely unusual appearance. Drop fish lives in the depths of the ocean. Many people consider her appearance disgusting, but despite this, some peoples eat fish. The body length is small and resembles a drop. The fish does not have scales, and the surface is more like mucus or a jelly-like substance.

Drop fish (Psychrolutes marcidus)

bracken family

Eagle rays have 5 genera, which includes about 25 species of rays. The head stands out in front of the disk and is shaped like a duck’s beak. Some slopes have a disk up to 2.4 meters wide. The largest stingray can weigh up to 360 kg. Fish live in the warm waters of the oceans. The stingray is a relative of the shark, although it does not look like it at all, but it has a similar cartilaginous skeleton.

Manta (giant sea devil, lat. Mobula birostris)

Spotted bracken (lat. Aetobatus narinari)

Smelt family

The smelt family includes small fish that live in flocks. Slender fish have a silvery color on the sides and a dark back. They live in the water column, as well as the bottom layer. Young fish feed exclusively on planktonic crustaceans, and then begin to feed on benthic crustaceans. However, capelin feeds only on plankton throughout its life.

capelin (lat. Mallotus villosus)

Asian smelt (lat. Osmerus mordax)

Family of marine ray-finned fish

The group of fish is considered the most numerous, which includes 95 percent of all fish species on the planet. Includes a family of herring, salmon, carp rocks and many others. Radiant fish belong to bone breeds. Numerous archaeological excavations were carried out, which proved that the family of radiant fish has existed on Earth for 420 million years.

Flying fish (lat. Exocoetidae)

Kefale family

The Kefalev family includes more than 10 genera, which includes 100 types of fish. Almost all fish of this family live in the coastal zone and prefer warm waters. Fish propagation occurs near the coast. Caviar and fry begins only in the water column, so the current can be transferred to significant distances. With fright, the fish can jump out of the water.

Pilengas (lat. Liza haematocheilus)

Loban (lat. Mugil cephalus)

The family of gauze

Fish of the Marlinov family are able to move at a speed of up to 110 kilometers per hour. Even while sleeping, the fish is in motion. Oxygen is obtained by passing water through fins. The peculiarity of the fish is that if necessary, can change the color. The largest fish had 5 meters length, and the weight was more than 700 kg. The life expectancy of fish is approximately 23 years.


Black Marlin (Lat. ISTIOMPAX Indica)

The family is stavrid

The fish of the Family of the Stavride body can have a variety of forms. There are varieties with an oval body, spindleshaped. Many fish have enlarged bone shields on the sides. Among these fish there are varieties that live in coastal zones, as well as those that live exclusively in the open ocean. The family has a majority of small fish, but there are also varieties of up to 2 meters long.

Yellowtailed (lat. Seriola quinquoradiata)

Yellowfall Sealar (Lat. SELOOODES Leptolepis)

Yellowshoe quaranx (latch. Caranx ignobilis)

family belt-bodied

The belt fish has an unusual appearance. The body reaches a length of 3.5 meters, but at the same time a height of 25 centimeters, and a thickness of only 5 centimeters. The fish does not have a swim bladder, and its body is not covered with scales. It has a silvery-white color with small dark spots. This fish is also called the herring king. Rarely rises to the surface. mainly lives at a depth of 500 1000 meters.

Herring king (lat. Regalecus glesne)

family catfish

Catfish are most commonly found in the North Pacific. This ray-finned fish belongs to the perch-like order. On average, catfish can reach 20 years of age if the fish manages to avoid encountering fishing nets. The catfish hunts for its prey from a hiding place, and does not pursue it like most other fish. Therefore, it is considered a passive predator.

Catfish (lat. anarhichas)

Bident family

Phenomenal appearance has a hedgehog fish. She resembles a real hedgehog as her body is completely covered in quills. It is this feature that allows the fish to save his life. In a dangerous situation, the body swells and needles are released. Therefore, a predator cannot grab a hedgehog fish. When inflated, it can grow up to 90 cm. Fish are poisonous underwater inhabitants.

Real hedgehog fish (lat. Diodon)

mackerel family

All representatives of this family live exclusively in the water column, in no way and never in contact with the bottom. The body of the fish is characterized by an elongated spindle shape. Among all varieties, Japanese mackerel, which lives in the waters of the Pacific Ocean near Japan, is most common. Lives in relatively warm waters from 10 degrees, but can also live in an environment where the water is warmed up to 25 degrees.

Pacific bluefin tuna (lat. Thunnus orientalis)

Yellowfin tuna (lat. thunnus albacares)

Mackerel tuna (lat. Auxis danger)

Striped tuna (lat. Katsuwonus pelamis)

Longfin tuna (lat. Thunnus alalunga)

Lyre family

Fish of this family have a somewhat flattened head and body. Distinguished by a small retractable mouth and bright coloration. These are small fish, the size of which varies between 7-8 centimeters, but some varieties grow up to 30 cm. The lyre fish has a beautiful appearance, especially the variety called “Mandarin”.

Tangerine (lat. Synchiropus splendidus)

Anoplopoma family

In total, there are two varieties of fish in this family, these are coal and erilepis. The sable fish has a slender body that is gray-black in color with a blue-green tint. The main habitat is the coast of the Pacific Ocean. The length of the fish does not exceed 100 centimeters, and the largest weight is 14 kilograms. In most cases, the body of the fish is only 30 cm, and the weight is up to 3 kg.

Coalfish (anoplopoma, lat. Anoplopoma fimbria)

Corypheaceae family

The body of coryphene fish has a compressed shape, and the dorsal fin is elongated. The wide distribution of fish occurs in the tropical part of the ocean. They live exclusively in open waters and are rarely seen off the coast. The largest dolphin can reach 2 meters in length, and weigh about 30 kg. A distinctive feature is the bright color.

Great coryphena (lat. Coryphaena hippurus)

Longtail family

Small-eyed grenadier (small-eyed longtail, lat. Albatrossia pectoralis)

stickleback family

Three-spined stickleback (lat. Gasterosteus aculeatus)

Khan family

Hanos (milk fish, lat. Chanos chanos)

Bodywork family

Body-cube (lat. Ostracion cubicus)

Common horned boxfish (lat. Lactoria cornuta)

Sunflower family

common sunflower (japanese dory, or blacksmith (lat. Zeus faber)

Carp family

Large-scaled rudd-ugay (lat.  Tribolodon hakonensis)

Bat family

Darwin’s bat (lat. Ogcocephalus darwini)

Hairy tail family

Common swordfish (lat. Trichiurus lepturus)

Moray family

Giant Moray (Javanese hymnothorax, lat. Gymnothorax javanicus)

Family of greenlings

Northern one-finned greenling (lat. Pleurogrammus monopterygius)

Toothy greenling (Serpent Tooth, or Toothed greenling, lat. Ophiodon elongatus)

Sturgeon family

White sturgeon (lat. Acipenser transmontanus)

Family Zunkleaceae

Horned Zunkle (Moorish idol, lat. Zanclus cornutus)

Family Alepisaurid

Big-headed alepisaurus (lat. Alepisaurus ferox)

Pinagora family

Aptocycle (smooth frogfish, lat. Aptocyclus ventricosus)

Kamboli family

Yellowfin flounder (prickly dab, lat. Limanda aspera)

The pomaceous family

Orange amphiprion (Amfiprion clown, lat. Amphiprion percula)

Family Salanxaceae

fish noodles (Salanx, lat. Salangichthys microdon)

Gnus family

Short-tailed gnus (lat. Hypnos monopterygius)

Gempilaceae family

Southern rexia (Southern snake mackerel, lat. Rexea solandri)

family henopsiae

Sea pike dog (lat. neoclinus blanchardi)

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