Flyer white (lat. Amanita verna) is an extremely numerous look that has about 6,000 varieties. Most of them are poisonous and extremely dangerous for humans. In particular, a white fly agaric, which can be easily distinguished by an unpleasant odor. In another way, white fly agaric is also called spring bark.
White fly agaric is represented by a hat and a leg. The size of the hat can reach from 3.5 to 12 centimeters in diameter. The White fly agaric hat has a conical or bell shape, which straightens as the mushroom grows. A small tubercle is located in the central part of the hat. The edges have a ribbed texture. To the touch the hat is smooth and silky. Skin covering the surface of the hat, white with a characteristic tint. The color does not change. Frequent and white plates with a pinkish tint.
Halffooting leg with a cylindrical shape. At the base becomes thickened and swollen. The size of the leg ranges in the range from 6 to 14 centimeters with a diameter of not more than 2.5 centimeters. The bases of the legs are fibrous and characteristic scales. A wide white ring is formed on the upper part. The leg itself is completely white. Volva Chaseshaped and free.
The pulp pulp is distinguished by a chloride unpleasant odor. The taste of the mushroom is very bitter. With a cut, the color remains white and does not change when in contact with the air.
The period of fruiting of the white fly agaric begins in June and ends in early November. The mushroom grows most often in mixed and coniferous forests. It grows mainly on lime soils, less often on the slopes of ravines, along rivers or swamps. Prefers a wet climate. Are found both in groups and one by one. A large number of these mushrooms are concentrated in regions with a moderate warm climate.
The toxicity of the white fly agaric is due to the presence in its composition of a substance such as muscarin. Literally 6 of these mushrooms will be enough for deadly poisoning. Even doctors are powerless in such cases. The gastrointestinal tract and liver are the first to be affected. Symptoms occur 6-48 hours after drinking white fly agaric. These include: vomiting, constant thirst, acute pain in the stomach, diarrhea, muscle pain, decreased pressure and pulse. Muscarin leads to damage to the nervous system, which can provoke a hallucinogenic effect. When the first symptoms appear, it is necessary to immediately call an ambulance crew. Before the arrival of doctors, it is recommended to rinse the stomach by drinking a large amount of water and causing vomiting. Activated charcoal and a solution with potassium permanganate will also alleviate the condition. The salvation of the victim directly depends on the speed of the arrival of doctors. Otherwise, the patient must be taken to the hospital on your own.
It is noteworthy that even a raid of a mushroom that can get to the skin is dangerous if you touch it. In this case, it is urgent to rinse your hands with water. If the white flyer got into a basket with other mushrooms, then everything will have to be thrown away, since the poison of white fly agaric will spread to all mushrooms and lead to medium poisoning.
Hory cheese has a number of similar features with white fly agaric. They can be distinguished by the territory of growth and a number of external signs. Rawdock grows in dry areas, in particular, in coniferous forests. It also differs in lighter plates and a spicy taste. White fly agaric is easy to distinguish by its unpleasant odor.
White fly agaric is similar to a white float, which belongs to conditionally survey mushrooms. You can distinguish a white float by the absence of a characteristic ring on the leg. Also at the float of the edge of the hat have a rubberized texture, and not ribbed, like a white fly agaric.
Often confused white fly agaric and with an edible white umbrella. The characteristic difference between a white umbrella is the absence of a volva and a rigid texture of the leg. It grows most often in open areas: meadows, pastures, glades and forest edges.
Champignons growing in the forest can be similar to white fly agaric. The peculiarity of champignons lies in the light pink color of the records and the absence of chlorine smell of fly agaric.