Fluffy birch: description, photo, wood features

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Birch can safely be called a symbol of our country-it is able to inspire and truly fascinate. The most common form of this Russian tree, which is found in wild conditions, as well as in many garden plots and dachas, is a fluffy birch. Moreover, before, this beloved tree had the name “white birch”, but this is how they gradually began to call another type of birch, sowing, and in order to avoid unnecessary confusion, it was given a new name.

Description

Fluffy birch is a rather large and branched tree. It has a rather bright and noticeable appearance that cannot be confused with any other plant. On average, this favorite of the Russian people reaches a height of up to 30 meters, has a very impressive and voluminous barrel, which allows it to hit with its width (up to 12 meters).

Although, according to its classification, fluffy birch can be called a deciduous shrub this tree loses the leaves in the fall. The foliage itself has a rhombic form and quite large reaches up to six centimeters in diameter. The foliage does not have a special coloring-it changes depending on the season from pale salute to yellow-orange.

Appearance

The white birch already emphasizes its external features with its name: the tree has an impressive barrel, which at a young age has a brown-brown color, and with age (after ten years) is rapidly whitening.

Moreover, young shoots and trees of birch can be easily confused with some species of another plant alder. But with age, birch acquires its personal features a white smooth bark. Unlike the birch of the whisper, the bark of fluffy birch is smooth to the very bottom-without any cracks and other nuances.

Young shoots do not possess the beer-bearing glands, which distinguishes the birch to the session, so they are densely fell. With age, the tree is made by a spreading crown.

The root system of this tree is quite developed, but is not able to penetrate deep into the soil-and it is precisely because of this reason that the birch is often subjected to wind.

The tree as a whole does not differ in significant durability in average, the age of birch rarely exceeds a hundred years.

The environment of growth

Strange as it may seem, the birthplace of birch birch is not at all Russia, but Europe. But the tree received its extensive spread in our country both in the European part and in Asian, the areas of Siberia (here it is even more than the birch of the dregs), and the mountains of the Caucasus. The tree prefers the forest areas and steppes, up to the tundra.

Outside the country, birch is found almost throughout Europe the exception is only the Pyrenee peninsula.

Fluffy birch is one of the most resistant to the cold of the species of this tree. And together with the birch of the whip quite often forms a large number of transition forms.

This type of vegetation is often found as an impurity for other forestforming breeds in forests of various types from coniferous to deciduous and sometimes itself forms entire forest complexes.

Fluffy birch is able to easily take out soil cloth and in this regard, it grows without problems in raw, swampy places, on the edges and outskirts of water bodies and lakes. Capable of suffering from drought, but calmly endures the lack of light.

Planting and care

For planting birch, experts recommend the summer period from August to the beginning of autumn, and it is ideal to do this with a cold greenhouse. The process of landing and growth in birch is taking place due to seed dispersion. The soil for this procedure should be specially cooked and loosened.

It is ideal for planting birch to have a greenhouse on the sunny side this will increase the germination of seeds and their germination.

After the seedlings enters, the sprouts are transplanted into separate containers and already directly to the place of constant growth, like all other trees and plants, it is customary to plant a birch already in the spring months.

It is very important for future seedlings to observe the distance it should be at least four meters. A small number of complex fertilizers can be added directly to the landing pit this will help the tree take root and strengthen the root system. This process will last at least a year during this time, the birch should grow up to one meter size.

Diseases

Like any plants, fluffy birches suffer from a variety of misfortunes from diseases to pests.

The most common diseases that this tree occurs can be called several:

  • Witch Mettle fungal pathogen;
  • Bacterial dropsy is a dangerous disease that can kill a tree;
  • Pully dew is a frequent nonstrut infection, common among many species of birches.
  • Interesting Facts

    Fluffy birch is extremely popular in our country. This tree is distinguished by several types of application birch is planted both as a decorative plant (just for beauty and jewelry), and as a means with healing properties.

    The thing is that this beauty has long been known for her medicinal properties as an excellent remedy for many ailments: for example, her leaves and kidneys are dried for a variety of decoctions, and wood is used as activated coal. And about the properties of birch juice, which is not only tasty, but also rich in vitamins, probably everyone knows.

    Large buds of birch trees (they reach 10 mm) are famous for their useful properties and essential oils the solution of them has a bright antiinflammatory and diuretic effect.

    The fluffy birch gained its popularity in Eurasia and, due to its resistance to frost-this tree for active growth and existence requires neutral or possessing bright acidity soil, sandy or clay. The tree will not refuse to excess moisture and increased sunlight birch loves it.

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