In the process of annual growth, the population increases the number of products of products for various purposes, which leads to the formation of a large number of biological waste. Colossal amounts for the construction and modernization of factories are allocated annually, which are engaged in the processing of biomaterials that have become unusable.
But these measures only partially help to fight the problem, the more the world population increases, there is more food and, accordingly, the number of waste is growing. Every year the number of landfills increases, the accumulation of waste in the open space increases the risk of epidemics, causes great harm to the environment and health.
Types of food waste
Food waste can be divided into the main varieties:
The main foods can be plant and animal origin. Let us consider in more detail.
Plant products include:
Animal products consist of:
And a common group of products that include animal and plant foods: gelatin, honey, salt, food additives. After the expiration date, such products are subject to disposal.
In terms of physical characteristics, the waste is:
The elimination of food waste should be carried out in compliance with the norms of the sanitary and epidemiological station to prevent the occurrence of epidemics.
Dining room hazard class
Signs that contribute to establish a class hazard class were established by Order of the ICR of Eurasia No. 511 of 15.06.01 years. This order says that the substance is harmful if it is able to cause diseases of any kind. Such waste is transported in special closed tanks.
The waste has their own hazard of danger:
Food waste includes hazard grade 4 and 5.
The hazard class is established due to the degree of negative impact on the nature or human body, the period of environmental restoration is also taken into account.
Rules for disposal
The basic rules for the elimination of food waste are:
Veterinary and sanitary rules should adhere to all organizations that develop food waste.
With a low hazard class 4 or 5, disposal is carried out in special places, often in large factories there are special industrial utilizers. Food waste can be processed to a liquid state, they are drained into the sewer. The enterprises records the waste liquidation algorithm.
The liquidation of waste at the enterprise significantly reduces the cost of transportation of garbage, and also reduces the consumption for reducing the area of storage for.