Forests of Canada photos and types of forests

Canada is located on the continent of North America and there are many forests on its territory. Subarctic and temperate climate dominates here. In the north, it is more severe, with frosty winters and short-term warm summers. The closer to the south, the milder the climate becomes. In the northern part of the country, natural areas such as arctic deserts, tundra and taiga forests are located, but you can also find broad-leaved forests and forest-steppe.

It is difficult to say that there is a forest in the Canadian tundra, but some types of trees still grow here:

Spruce

Larch

Birch

Poplar

Willow

Quite a lot of mosses and shrubs here. Lichens are found in places.

Taiga forests

Quite a lot of space in Canada is occupied by the taiga. Fir and spruce grow here (white, black, Canadian). In some places there are pines of different species and larch. South of the coniferous forests are mixed. Broad-leaved trees and bushes are added to conifers:

Cherry

viburnum

Alder

Oak

Maple

Ash

Linden

In mixed and broad-leaved forests, there is a greater diversity of species than in coniferous. In general, more than 150 species of trees grow in Canada, of which there are 119 broadleaf species and about 30 conifers.

In the country, forest resources are valuable. Wood is put up for sale at high prices. Building materials are prepared from it, used in chemical and pharmaceutical, medicinal and food, paper-cellulose and cosmetic spheres of the economy. All this leads to active cutting of forests, which in turn brings good profit to the state, but gives rise to a lot of environmental problems.

The largest forests of Canada

There is a huge number of forests in Canada. The largest Wood-Buffalo and the mountain forests of Alberta, Lavrenty forests and the Caroline forest, forests of the Northern Cordillera and New England are considered the largest. Also valuable oriental, western and central forests. There are also some forests on the coasts of the continent.

Wood-Buffalo

Result

Thus, about half of Canada is covered with forests. There are many of them and they are different. This situation contributes to the fact that all sectors of the economy associated with forest resources bring large incomes, but deforestation negatively affects the environment, so ecosystems change greatly. It is worth considering whether it is worth further destroying rich Canadian forests. They need protection, and their rational use can only benefit people.

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