Fox Terrier: all about the breed, character, description of the dog and photo

Characteristics

  • Country of Origin: UK
  • The size:
    average
  • Growth:
    38.5-39.5 cm
  • The weight:
    7–8 kg
  • Age:
    13–14 years old
  • FCI breed group:
    terriers
  • Brief information

  • cheerful;
  • playful;
  • hardy;
  • dexterous;
  • fearless;
  • smart.
    1. Pros and Cons of Fox Terriers
    2. Description of the Fox Terrier breed
    3. Head
    4. Eyes
    5. Ears
    6. Neck
    7. Frame
    8. Tail
    9. limbs
    10. Gait / Movement
    11. Leather
    12. wool cover
    13. Color
    14. Size and weight
    15. The nature of fox terriers
    16. Education and training
    17. Care
    18. Fox Terrier content
    19. Food
    20. Fox Terrier Health
    21. History reference
    22. Photo fox terriers
    23. Who are these dogs for?
    24. How to choose a puppy
    25. Photos of fox terrier puppies
    26. Price for fox terriers

    Pros and Cons of Fox Terriers

    Fox Terrier Advantages:

  • cheerful character and cheerful disposition;
  • can be kept in an apartment;
  • shows excellent hunting qualities;
  • does not require complex care;
  • devoted to his master;
  • high level of intelligence and good learning ability.
  • Cons of the Fox Terrier:

  • may be too active and mobile;
  • needs long walks and physical activity;
  • hard to get along with other pets;
  • may bark frequently and loudly;
  • shows stubbornness and tries to take a leadership position in relations with the owner.
  • Description of the Fox Terrier breed

    Specialists have been trying for years to develop the ideal representative of hunting dogs. Looking at the fox terrier, you understand that they succeeded. He is very well built. His build can be described as moderate. He is not too stocky, but not elongated either. Muscles are developed, but do not look massive. The dog is strong but looks elegant. Despite its small stature (these dogs reach 39 centimeters at the withers), the fox terrier does not look like a sofa dog at all. Even in his eyes you can see that he is a brave and responsible person who will definitely have to be reckoned with.

    The skull is flat on top, its length is almost the same as the length of the muzzle.

    Stop is weak.

    Jaws strong, with small strong teeth and a complete scissor bite.

    Nose with a well-pigmented small lobe. Spotted or depigmented earlobe is a defect.

    Eyes

    Medium fit, small size and round shape. The iris is brown.

    Ears

    Small, triangle shaped. The tips are slightly rounded and look down towards the line of the cheekbones. Fully hanging ears, like erect ears, are a disqualifying fault.

    Neck

    Well muscled, dry. Near the body, the volume of the neck exceeds its volume near the head.

    Frame

    The back and loin are short, without dips, with well-developed muscles.

    The chest is deep, false ribs are clearly visible.

    Tail

    By tradition, the tail of the fox terrier is docked by one third. But in European countries, this procedure is considered too cruel, therefore it is banned. The tail must stand upright, not tucked to the sides or curled (if it is docked).

    limbs

    The forelimbs stand straight, the shoulders are elongated, and the elbows are laid back.

    The hind limbs are well muscled, the thighs are elongated, and the metatarsus is sheer. The fingers are well pressed to each other, the paws are small, have a round shape. Finger pads are hard.

    Gait / Movement

    Movements are harmonious, gait is proud. In movement, the Fox Terrier slightly pushes its neck forward, which makes it look like a small prancing horse.

    Leather

    Sufficiently elastic, fits snugly to the body and does not sag.

    wool cover

    Rough-haired and smooth-haired foxes have different coats. In the first it is lush and voluminous, and the hairs are hard, similar to wire. Their length is from two to four centimeters. Short-haired foxes have short and thicker coats. Hair adheres well to the body.

    Color

    Fox Terriers can be bicolor or tricolor. In the first case, the white color of the coat predominates, on which there are reddish spots. In the second black marks are added. But, in any case, there should be more white. Any other colors are considered plembrac in the breed.

    Size and weight

    Fox Terriers are small dog breeds. The weight of males can be from 7 to 8 kilograms, and females from 6 to 8.

    The nature of fox terriers

    The Fox Terrier is an ancient hunting breed bred by English hunters to chase foxes. Fox Terriers are divided into two types: smooth-haired and wire-haired. They appeared almost independently of each other and have a different character. From a common ancestor crossed with a black and tan terrier, the fox terrier acquired self-confidence, energy and endurance. This is exactly how the smooth-haired representative of the breed was recorded in the 16th century. His rough-haired younger brother did not appear until the 19th century. The blood of many other breeds flows in his veins. He inherited friendliness from the Beagle, stubbornness and fearlessness from the Bulldog, and intelligence from the Greyhound.

    In addition, both types of fox terrier are very active. The smooth fox terrier is still used for hunting, while the wire fox terrier is a popular companion dog. The Fox Terrier is suitable for active people who are ready to spend all their free time with a pet, as it is an energetic dog that does not like to be alone. She loves to play, run and jump, but the child may not be able to cope with the strength of the dog.

    Fox Terriers are strong personalities that can easily take over a soft-hearted owner, so you need to show character with them and keep them under control. These dogs need training and socialization, otherwise they can become unruly and aggressive. Other pets are treated with distrust.

    The little fox is completely unaware that the world does not revolve around his person. Therefore, you will have to constantly remind him of who is the boss in the house. If you are lazy and abandon the upbringing of the dog, then you will not end up with problems in the future. A cheerful and cheerful fox terrier can become uncontrollable, aggressive and unpredictable.

    Another distinguishing feature of the character of this breed is natural curiosity. And it persists into old age. If you have heard the expression “plug in all holes”, then this is just about the fox terrier. They are constantly interested in everything around, do not miss a single gap, hole, suspicious smell or unfamiliar sound.

    Foxes treat other dogs as rivals. They are always ready to show that they are superior to the opponent in strength, speed and agility. It doesn’t matter what size the dog is. The Fox Terrier is fearless and proud, therefore, without hesitation, he will rush to defend his dignity. Furry animals, such as rabbits or chinchillas, he perceives exclusively as prey. Such a strong hunting instinct cannot be overcome, because it has been specially bred from this breed for decades.

    The same instinct literally pushes dogs to undesirable behavior. Many foxes sin that they love to dig holes. If you live in the private sector, then the garden or lawn will have to be protected like the apple of an eye. Moreover, under a flimsy fence, the fox terrier will definitely make a dig and run away to explore the surroundings. And if this fence is not very high, then the dog can jump over it.

    In general, fox doesn’t care if it’s the ground or your favorite parquet. Left unattended, a bored dog can make a hole in a wooden floor.

    Another hobby of some representatives of this breed is the pursuit of transport. It can be a moving bike, scooter or car. That is why it is important to socialize the dog from puppyhood so that she is calm about city life.

    But a fox terrier can make a good watchman. If he didn’t have a “career” of a hunter, then try to train your pet to guard a house or apartment. This dog is completely fearless, and combined with its loud barking bark and developed sense of ownership, it will make a good watchdog.

    Education and training

    Fox Terriers are very intelligent and intelligent dogs. But inborn stubbornness can prevent them from learning. But, if you make an effort and spend enough time, then you can raise an obedient pet from Fox. It is important to show your dog that you are very interested in working with him. If the roles are correctly placed in your relationship with the dog, then he will try to impress his owner.

    Don’t take too long. It is better to divide all workouts into equal parts, rather than trying to complete all the exercises at once. Fox terriers also do not like monotonous activities. Training should be varied so that the dog does not get tired of them. Try to change their order, connect an element of surprise. All this stimulates your four-legged friend. Professional cynologists say that it is best to start training after the dog has plenty of running on the street, sniffing all the surroundings and doing his own thing. Then she will not distract her from work, and she will be able to concentrate on the teams.

    Try to teach your little hunter to control your instincts. During walks, the dog should not be torn towards cats or dogs, drag over the leash, bark rampant. Of course, periodically he will try to make you check. But in no case should you make exceptions, otherwise you will have to run after the animals on bumps always.

    In the education of the puppy, one of the most basic and priority tasks is to teach him to celebrate the need on the street. Almost always in the Fox this process does not cause difficulties. Therefore, if you need, you can even teach a dog to do this on command.

    Another important skill for the fox terrier is tolerance for the leash. You cannot do without this accessory in urban conditions, especially at first. But just walking in a collar and on a leash in the development of discipline is of little use. Therefore, with active foxes, it is recommended to take a general training course, which will definitely benefit them.

    Fox Terriers just love to carry something in their mouth. Therefore, you can immediately start teaching your pet the “fetch” command. This will not only give the dog pleasure, but also allow him to move more. For fetching, it is better not to use wooden sticks that can injure the animal’s mouth. Plastic and hollow toys are also not suitable, as the dog will quickly gnaw them. Choose balls or other molded rubber accessories.

    If you have purchased a show-class puppy and are going to participate in exhibitions and competitions with him, then you need to immediately accustom him to the touch of other people’s hands. The dog must be stroked on the back, head, gently pull the tail. All this will make it easier to master the correct stance in the future. The kid should often contact strangers so as not to get lost and not be scared at exhibitions, where there will be a large number of them.

    While in the house, do not forget to teach foxes good manners. Never feed an animal from the table and do not treat him if the dog is begging for food. This threatens not only that the dog will begin to beg for treats every time you start a meal. She will climb the table in search of food when no one is around. As a result, you can never leave something edible in sight while you are not at home. Everything will be swallowed by an ill-mannered fox. Do not use towels, old slippers, or your own clothes in games. Dogs are not able to distinguish which things you no longer need, and which you will still use. Therefore, there is a high risk that at one fine moment you will find new trousers or shoes in your pet’s mouth.

    Care

    The Fox Terrier should be washed at least once a month. The Wirehaired Terrier requires more care than the Smooth Coated Terrier: it needs trimming 3-4 times a year. To avoid injury, the claws of an active fox terrier need to be trimmed as they grow. Otherwise, too long claws can crack or break, and then the inflammatory process will begin.

    With a dog of this breed, you can only walk on a leash, because she has a highly developed instinct of persecution. When she sees other animals on the street, she may chase them and get lost.

    The smooth-haired fox terrier not only looks more elegant than its wire-haired counterpart, but also requires less care. It is practically not necessary to comb them, since the hair is quite short and falls out on its own. Moreover, it has dirt-repellent properties. Therefore, after a walk, in order to clear the dirt, it is enough to wash the dog’s paws and wipe his body with a damp cloth.

    Wirehaired Fox Terriers will have to devote a little more time. Every quarter they need to be trimmed. You can do it yourself or in the salon at the groomer. This is not the most pleasant procedure, so it is better to accustom the animal to it from puppyhood. To do this, you need to gently pinch and pull on the wool. Wirehaired foxes almost never shed their hair on their own. When the hair dies, it clings to other hair and begins to tangle. The dog can cope with this problem on its own by combing the hair and chewing it out. But almost always it leads to injuries of the skin. But a big plus will be the absence of wool on your clothes and furniture.

    The Fox Terrier’s eyes are usually cared for by wiping with a special lotion twice a month. This also applies to the ears of the animal. Do not overdo it, clean only visible sulfur accumulations and remove dirt.

    But the paws of this breed are quite tender. So pay attention to them. After each walk, they must be carefully washed and thoroughly blotted with a towel. Apply cream or oil to the pads to soften them and protect them from cracking.

    Remember to take care of your dog’s teeth. To avoid plaque, you need to clean them with a regular brush and special pastes intended for animals. If there is already tartar, then ultrasonic cleaning at the veterinarian will help. This procedure will prevent inflammation and loss of teeth in the future. A good prevention of the appearance of plaque will be dental bones that clean the teeth in the process of gnawing.

    Fox Terrier content

    The Fox Terrier can live both in an apartment and in a house. However, do not forget that terriers are very energetic dogs, so they should only be started by people who lead an active lifestyle.

    The Fox Terrier requires long and vigorous walks, outdoor games, which is why the future owner must be aware that he will have to spend at least two hours a day on active activities with the dog. Otherwise, the dog will try to find an outlet for his energy on his own. Often this ends with gnawed furniture and other unpleasant surprises. Some dogs of this breed have a tendency to dig, which should also be considered when choosing a pet.

    If you have a fox terrier in a private home, you must make sure that its territory is well fenced. For a jumping fox, even a high, at first glance, fence will not become an obstacle. Especially if behind him he smells prey in the form of a neighbor’s cat.

    To keep your dog busy while you’re away, leave him special bones to chew from pressed animal veins. Your fox will love this delicacy. Provide the animal with the necessary toys. They will allow the dog to throw out excess energy and save your furniture and things from attacks from the fox terrier.

    Food

    Veterinarians recommend feeding the fox terrier with industrial food. Its main advantage is that such diets contain a balanced amount of all the necessary substances and nutrients for the animal. Achieving this balance with natural food is very difficult. In addition, the food saves time, it does not need to be prepared, it is always at hand. Industrial rations are good for dogs and convenient for their owners.

    If your pet is completely healthy, then it can be fed with one of the daily foods that can be found in a pet store or bought online. The Fox Terrier is suitable for small to medium breeds with small kibbles. Otherwise, the dog may choke. This is especially true for those animals that swallow food quickly, almost without chewing.

    If your fox is prone to certain diseases, suffers from allergies, then buy holistic medicated food for him. Please check with your veterinarian before choosing any brand.

    Consider your pet’s age. Veterinarians do not advise, for example, to give a small puppy food for adults or for “oldies”. They have completely different nutritional needs. Pay attention to your dog’s activity. Since fox terriers are one of the most energetic dogs, their nutrition should be enhanced. Especially if the animals participate in competitions, train a lot, go hunting regularly or just spend a lot of time outdoors. For them, manufacturers offer food labeled “Active” or “Energy”. Such nutrition will also be useful for malnourished dogs after illnesses or injuries.

    If you notice that your pet has begun to gain weight, then change the food to Normal ”or“ Standard ”. Do not overfeed your dog, excess weight is very unhealthy. Do not leave a bowl of food in the public domain. Take it away as soon as the dog leaves, even if he hasn’t finished his serving.

    Fox Terrier Health

    Basically, fox terriers “do not complain” about health. This is not a sickly breed of dog. But, like all other dogs, foxes are prone to some genetic diseases. It is important to choose a healthy puppy with a good pedigree. Otherwise, you risk becoming frequent guests of veterinary clinics.

    The most common diseases of fox terriers include:

  • diabetes;
  • Peters’ disease, when blood circulation worsens in the hip joint, which causes necrotic damage;
  • ophthalmic diseases, including distichiasis;
  • partial deafness, which may eventually become complete;
  • epilepsy;
  • myasthenia gravis.
  • Many fox terriers suffer from allergic reactions to certain components of the diet. They may develop and progress inflammatory processes in the body. Therefore, it is necessary to introduce new food very carefully, in small portions. Do not forget about the mandatory vaccinations that the dog needs to do according to the plan.

    History reference

    Fox terriers first appeared on the islands of England. There they were used for hunting small animals, as well as in the fight against rodents. Historians have found evidence that these small but agile dogs were mentioned as early as the fifty-fifth year BC.

    In the sixteenth century, burrow hunting became fashionable in Britain. It was there that the fox terriers showed their best qualities. Historians claim that the smooth-haired foxes were the first to appear. And only after many crosses with other breeds and a long selection, the world saw their wire-haired counterparts. They appeared in the nineteenth century. Despite the fact that outwardly these fox terriers were very different, they were always considered the closest relatives. Once upon a time, they were even crossed with each other, hoping to get puppies with a special set of characteristics.

    As an independent breed of dog, fox terriers began to take shape towards the end of the eighteenth century. In those days, the British actively used them to hunt foxes. In 1859, foxes first appeared at the exhibition. But the breed did not cause a stir. In Russia, fox terriers appeared at the end of the nineteenth century and literally ten years later conquered all of Europe. The appearance standard was first adopted in 1875, after which the dogs were recognized in the British Kennel Club, and then throughout the world.

    Who are these dogs for?

    Fox Terriers are very friendly and cheerful dogs. They get along well with children, love to play and actively spend time with them. Therefore, foxes are suitable for large families.

    Provided that you devote enough time to walking with the animal, this breed can be kept even in a small apartment. Although this dog will not refuse a house with a spacious territory either.

    Suitable fox terrier and those people who are fond of hunting. If you get a puppy from working parents, then he, with age, will become an excellent partner and assistant in this matter.

    If you want to train a dog and teach it tricks, then the fox is a great solution. He learns quickly, grasping everything, literally, on the fly. Indefatigable energy allows him to train for hours without feeling tired.

    If you prefer a more relaxed lifestyle, then this breed is not for you. Such a dog will definitely not lie on the couch for hours. He needs to be outside for a long time, run, jump and exercise. For the same reason, this breed should not be chosen by people of advanced age. It will be difficult for them to actively spend time with the dog.

    Fox Terriers are suitable for those owners who are willing to devote time to training and education. If you let a dog’s life take its course, then yours will turn into total hell. Ill-mannered foxes can arrange bedlam in the house, gnaw on furniture and shoes. On the street to chase cats and dogs, as well as to bark at passers-by for no reason. This dog needs a “leader” with a strong character who will not allow her to become a leader.

    Not the best option would be to take a fox terrier if you already have pets. Even a wellmannered dog will periodically bully and provoke them.

    How to choose a puppy

    If you decide to buy a fox terrier puppy, then the first thing you need to decide why you need it. If you want to attend exhibitions with him, then choose a baby show class. You need to look for it in specialized nurseries with a great history and experience in breeding. For hunting you will need a puppy from working parents. Well, for the soul, any purebred and healthy dog ​​is suitable.

    Explore the pedigree puppy if it is important for you what parents is. If they have no awards, this means that they showed themselves at exhibitions in the best way. That is, their offspring is unlikely to be able to take first places.

    It is better to pick up the baby from mom after two months. If you want to sell a too young animal, then perhaps it has some kind of defect that is not yet noticeable. But he will certainly prove himself in the future.

    Dogs that are going to be used for hunting must have a set of certain qualities. This is activity, leadership, moderate aggressiveness towards other puppies. Be sure to ask the breeder if the parents have diplomas or awards for successful hunting. In the documents, find indicators such as “viscosity” and “malice”. In the first option, the number of points must be more than twenty-five, and in the second twenty. These indicators are considered sufficient.

    Working fox terriers must have their tails docked. This is done for the safety of the dog, since it is for this part of the body, in the first place, that a wild animal will bite. It is better if the puppy is docked by the breeders themselves in the first days of life. If the procedure is carried out later, then the animal tolerates it much worse and more painfully. Puppies that are not going to be taken hunting with them do not have their tails docked.

    Price for fox terriers

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