Talkers are edible and false similar in appearance. Going to mushroom hunting, clearly know what the varieties look like. At the slightest doubt, do not put the crop in a basket.
People use hats for food. The foot of the dialect is fibbed and not tasty. Hats boil and pickle. The legs are dried and grind for seasoning.
- Types of talkers
- Bent down a talker
- Gray or smoky talker
- Bocative talker
- Orange dialect
- Pingroomed talker
- Raller talker
- Inverted dialect
- Anise’s dialect
- Poisonous types of talkers
- Waxed dialect
- A giant talker
- Beesy talk
- Cracking talker
- Red-brown talker
- Places of collecting talkers
- What is the benefit of talkers for humans
- The harm of talkers
Types of talkers
Bent down a talker
One tone with the upper part, paceshaped, harmonious, dry, in immature specimens white, brown with age, lowered with mycelium below. It smells sharply and unpleasant. Milk juice does not emit.
Outwardly gray-yellow, on palpation of a smooth texture. It is convex in early fungi, with a hillock, a white hymenopher is observed below. With the development of the fungus, a funnel forms on top of the hat, the tubercle remains, and the hymenopher acquires a pinkish-yellow hue.
The bent tack is confused by inexperience with the entolom of poisonous, which has:
Gray or smoky talker
Fibrous, short, strong, thickened below, white-gray shade. It smells of soap. The pulp is loose, crumbles when pressed, filled with moisture.
There is fleshy in the hand, when you look from above, the shade is gray-fan or brownish-gray-gray. The shape of the early specimens convex and humpbacked, with the course of life the mushroom is flattened, but the recess remains in the center. Frequent hymenopher does not change its grayish-white or grayish-yellow tint over time.
Mushroom requires long boiling. If the gray taling is not cooked for more than 1⁄2 hours, then she:
Subject to cooking rules, the mushroom is harmless. After boiling, salt and pickle.
Up to 10 cm grows up, thickened below, at the base fluffy, elastic and hollow.
It has the appearance of a wide funnel, glass or bowl. The edge is wrapped down. Glitter. The pulp is silky, thin, grayish, after rain it accumulates water. The shade of the hat is either dark gray with a coat of ash or a decimal-brown. Himenofor-ramified, light brown or brown-brown shade, the plates are not often located, they are lowered down.
The color is the same with the hymenophore. Looks round, below is thinner. Hard pulp is tasteless and not fragrant, reddish, on palpation is elastic.
The edges of the hat are bent, over time it acquires a funnelshaped look. Her color is orange-yellow, it persists in the center, to the edge becomes pale. The hymenopher is sold out on the leg, its color is lighter than that of the upper part, when damaged, the plate darkens.
The brown-gray leg demonstrates a swollen-shaped shape. The texture is fibrous, a raid of mycelium is visible below.
The top profile of young mushrooms is a convex, thin edge is raised. With aging, the hat straightens, overripe specimens show a funnelshaped outline. The shade does not change and remains brown or brown-gray at all stages of life. Himenopher goes to the stem, rare. Over time, the whitish color becomes yellow, or changes to cream. At the edges, the hat is thin, it exudes not a pronounced aroma.
The profile of the leg is thinclown, it is tough to the touch, but elastic and does not break. There is a white “felt” on the stem, it distinguishes substances that decomposes nearby fallen leaves that will produce nutrients for mycelium.
The hillock appears in the middle, after ripening, the hat takes the shape of a sharp funnel. The color of the flesh of the mushroom is yellow-brown-fowl, it is dry to the touch, the edge of the hat is uneven-vaguable. Frequent plates of hymenophore fall along the stem. The mushroom emits the powdery feutor.
The shade is lighter than that of the upper part of the mushroom or rust-brown, at the base the stem is curved, the flesh is hard. In a continuous stem of young specimens, a cavity is gradually formed, the leg changes the shade to the redhead.
The funnel gradually becomes deep. In mushrooms at an early stage, a red-yellow-brown or brick hat, it loses its brightness with age, glistens in dampness. Himenofor lowers to the stem. Lightly yellow in color of the plate gradually become sandy-christy or brown-yellow. Flesh with a slightly acidic feutor.
Wider near the ground, the shape is round, the color is yellow-gray-green. The leg is smooth at the top, at the base slightly lowered. The body is watery, it smells very much anise.
At the early stage of the life of the mushroom, the edges are bent down, but gradually they straighten up. In the central part of the hat, a small recess or tubercle is visible. Her shade is green with gray, brightens closer to the edge.
Poisonous types of talkers
Mushroom pickers do not often meet a mushroom, this is a poisonous copy, after its use, the gastrointestinal tract is seriously poisoned.
Rounded, closer to the base, it becomes wider, the pulp is solid. The shade of the stem is dirty white. It is smooth in the upper half, near the base slightly pubescent. The false mushroom smells not quite attractive.
The profile is convex in early specimens, over time is pressed or acquires a flat shape, the edges remain uneven. In the central part, a small hillock is visible. The texture is matte, on palpation is a smooth, light gray surface in dampness darkens, poorly visible rounded areas appear. Gemenophore plates are creamy.
A giant talker
White shade, dense on palpation, is not pushed, fleshy-minute, Thetor is not clear mealy, bitter in old age.
At first the circuit is convex, the center is gradually forming the center. The edges are thin, rise to the top. The dialect is between 13-15 cm, in some of the found copies 30 and from above cm. The texture is matte, on palpation silky, scales do not often observe. The shade of the hat is white, less often milk-coffee. Hymenophore plates with jumpers, fall along the stem. To the thermal stage of the life of the mushroom, a yellowish hat.
People use and harvest gigantic dialects. It is salt/pickled only after prolonged boiling and water drainage. Scientists have found a natural antibiotic in the body of the mushroom. From ancient times giant dialect, healers treated consumption.
Use is not recommended due to the content of muscarin in the body of the mushroom.
On palpation felt, pubescent. The profile resembles a cylinder to the base where it bends. Shade is white or with yellow.
Young specimens demonstrate a bulge on the hat, then it bends inside, the edge is thin with the edge. The skin is white or slightly pink, rough in early fruits, in old specimens it shines and smooth to the touch. Himenofor with white and often located plates, faintly descends down the stem. The flesh is thin, it exudes not a very pronounced fetor, the hat is pleasant to the taste.
Poison yourself with this fungus if it gets into a basket. Do not cut mushrooms with cracks on white hats.
The color of the tone with a hat or brown with a reddish tone, a little reminiscent of a felt at the base near the mycelium.
At an early stage, it demonstrates a bulge, which is gradually pressed in the central part, straightens out, a whipped white plaque is manifested. After the young stage, the hats crack. A creamy-red-colored coat appears on them. Barely visible concentric zones are formed on the body of the hat. Frequent hymenopher passes to the stem, the color of the plates is white-reddish, in old age it acquires a cream tint. Thin pulp tastes not felt by a mushroom, Thetor is not bright.
Muscarin in a red-brown talker makes this species inedible, and taste qualities wish for the best. Refrain, do not cut mushrooms.
The tone of the legs is lighter than that of the hat, reddish, to the touch the stalk of the mushroom is hard.
Voronkovid, wide. Color varies between three shades:
Himenofor with frequent plates that fall down the leg. They are cream or rusty with the addition of yellow in color. The pulp is thin, so brittle, on palpation, tough, a shabby shade or with red, publishes a sour fetor, tart for taste receptors.
Places of collecting talkers
Mushrooms choose the territories of a temperate climate. Their myceliums are not whimsical, they arise the edges in coniferous and mixed forests, but also fields and meadows without dense vegetation. Gallers are collected throughout Europe, in Eurasia, in some parts of Asia and the MidAmerican continent.
Characteristic feature of talkers they grow in groups, people find t. n. witch’s rings made of mushrooms. Circles from talkers on earth took the places of evil power and attributed their formation to not natural factors, but the machinations of unclean spirits.
What is the benefit of talkers for humans
Biological components of the fungus, amino acids, vitamins and nutrients:
- stimulate metabolic processes;
- improve the work of the cardiovascular system;
- increase tone;
- raise brain performance;
- normalize the gastrointestinal tract;
- strengthen the immune system;
- prevent the development of malignant tumors;
- slow down the aging process;
- improve mood;
- Increase ability to work.
The harm of talkers
Before you use a dialect, undergo an examination to an allergic reaction to a mushroom.
The list of beneficial properties is impressive, but the talker with excessive use is harmful. If there are many mushrooms in the diet, a person feels malaise, and pathogenic microflora actively propagates in the digestive tract.
- Exacerbates diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. After abundant gas formation, the chair is disturbed, the mucous membrane suffers and swells, the person is sick, it breaks, the head dizzy up to the acute migraine.
- Increases the tone of the mucous membrane of the bladder. Frequent urges worsen night rest, wash out phosphorus and calcium.
If a person eats few mushrooms, the symptoms subside after 2-3 hours. If the portion was large, suffocation occurs due to violation of breathing.