Giant Sleysh from the Red Book photo and description, what eats and where it lives

Giant blind can be considered relict animals. In ancient times, he lived in vast territories, but due to a change in the climate on Earth, most of the animals disappeared. Separate places where the giant blind man lives, survived in some Russian and Kazakhstani regions. Giant Sleysh belongs to mammals, the “blind” family, and the squad “rodents”. Is the largest representative of the Slepishovs.

How it looks

In a giant blind, a powerful body has a length of 23-30 centimeters, it weighs about one kilogram. The shape of the body is poolshaped, the head is coneshaped, taps to the bow, the neck is absent. There are no outer ears, the eyes are covered with leather and do not see. The rodent has welldeveloped hearing, smell and touch. Paws and tail are short. Big claws are adapted on extended hands. Teeth cutters are clearly visible from the outside. On both jaws there are molars (three pieces on the left and right side). Lips open only for eating.

Rude bristly stripes are located from ears to nose. The same vibrissas are on the belly, in the back of the body and in the frontal part. They are intended for touch.  The skin forms folds on a large nose. They protect the nostrils from the ground, which can fall during digging.

The body is covered with fur. The upper part is painted in bright color, and on the sides into the ash. In the abdominal, the color is usually dark gray. There is a white spot in the upper head.

Where it lives

The giant blind has a small habitat:

  • North-Eastern Caucasus;
  • in areas of the lower reaches of the Terek, Sulak, Kuma rivers;
  • Tersk-Sulak and Ters-Kumsky lowlands (Dagestan);
  •  Guryevsky region (northeast);
  • Aktobe region (West);
  • Astrakhan region;
  • Kara-Agach;
  • East side from the Ural River.
  • Lifestyle

    Giant blind prefer to live alone. It is almost all the time in the dark underground world with a depth of 80 cm to 4 meters. The rodent is constantly digging. The holes dug by him extend at distances within 250 or more meters. There are numerous moves and cameras in a long hole. The soil rodents throw the head onto the earth’s surface.

    A slide from the ground is always laid near the hole of the giant blind. With this land, he falls asleep with a dug camera with prepared reserves and again pulls out another move into the hole.  Slebysh in the hole can be built about ten pantries, and near his hole there are two hundred land slides. In order to get food, Sleytysh makes bunk tunnels. The giant blind manifests the greatest activity associated with the grumbling activity in March-April.

    The rodents paves the moves with long incisors, biting them into the ground. In order to prevent the earth from falling into the oral cavity and nasal passages, they are covered with folds of the skin.

    The whereabouts of the giant blind can be determined not only by mounds, as well as by plants that have dried up due to the bitten roots or from their residues. Muffle blind rodents twice a year: in the spring and early autumn.

    The holes of the blinds are located from neighboring holes at distances within two meters. A blind rodent is rarely chosen to the surface of the earth. Underground he leads an active lifestyle at any time of the year. In winter, the rodent does not sleep, he grows and grows.

    Food

    Giant Giant Sleysh feeds on the roots of any plants that come across to it while moving. He also bites tubers, bulbs, and sometimes eats the plant itself. Grazun prefers to eat plants of such species:

  • legumes;
  • difficult to color;
  • lubricated;
  • Cultural (carrots, potatoes, beets, turnips).
  • In the summer, Sleysh can eat as much food for a day as he weighs himself. And in winter it eats its reserves from the pantries, partially the energy is replenished due to fat under the skin.

    Reproduction

    One female reproduces offspring in the spring, but mainly once in two years. 2-5 cubs are born. The newborn baby has no wool coating, he is completely naked. The cubs live near the mother before the beginning of autumn, and then begin to build their separate housing. Puberty occurs a year after birth.

    Natural enemies

    There are practically no enemies of the blind rodent, since its vital activity mainly proceeds underground. Only when young blinds begin to settle, they are eaten by predators like a fox, ferrets, large birds.

    Population and status

    Giant Sleysh belongs to a rare type of rodents in nature. It is listed in a list containing rare species of animals, as well as in the Red Book of our country.

    The exact data on the quantity are not collected, since the underground way of his life does not allow the blind people to study well. Scientists have found that the number does not increase, and perhaps even decreasing. Around nature, several thousand of this type of rodents have been preserved.

    The population is reduced due to the development of virgins, the use of chemicals, the structure of systems for irrigation and other human activities.

    Giant blind.

    Interesting Facts

    1. If the Giant Sleyshka needs to make a turn of 180 degrees and move in the opposite direction, he makes a peculiar somersault, which is not characteristic of earthly animals.
    2. The woolen cover of a blind rodent is able to fit in different directions. This allows you to easily move through dug tunnels forward or in reverse.
    3. Sleysh can dig in twenty minutes a hole of 85 centimeters long, throwing 25,000 cubic centimeters of the Earth.
    4. A large number of vegetables were found in the pantries built by giant blinds. In one of them there were about 15 kg of different garden vegetables, and in the other potatoes in the amount of 18 kilograms.

    If the giant blind man accidentally falls on the earth’s surface, then at the beginning he will stir for several minutes, and then makes circular movements in one place, then he stares back, then buries with high speed into the ground.

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