The biosphere, the upper shell of the Earth, in which all living organisms exist, constitutes the global ecosystem of the planet. It consists of the hydrosphere, the lower part of the atmosphere, the upper part of the lithosphere. There are no clear boundaries of the biosphere, it is in a constant state of development and dynamics.
Since the appearance of man, we should talk about the anthropogenic factor of influence on the biosphere. In our time, the speed of this influence is especially increasing. Here are just a few examples of human actions that worsen the state of the biosphere: depletion of natural resources, environmental pollution, the use of the latest unsafe technologies, overpopulation of the planet. Thus, a person is able to significantly influence changes in the global ecosystem and makes it more vulnerable.
Problems of ecological safety of the biosphere
Now let’s talk about the problems of ecological safety of the biosphere. Since human activity poses a threat to the living shell of the planet, anthropogenic influence leads to the destruction of ecosystems and the destruction of species of flora and fauna, changes in the relief of the earth’s crust and climate. As a result, cracks are formed in the lithosphere and gaps in the biosphere. In addition, nature can harm itself: after volcanic eruptions, the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increases, earthquakes change relief, fires and floods lead to the destruction of plant and animal species.
To save the global ecosystem, a person must realize the problem of the destruction of the biosphere and begin to act on two levels. Since this problem is global in nature, it should be solved at the state level, and therefore have a legislative basis. Modern states develop and implement policies aimed at solving global problems of the biosphere. In addition, each person can contribute to this common cause: conserve natural resources and use them rationally, recycle waste and apply resource-saving technologies.
Creation of protected areas as a method of biosphere conservation
We already know what trouble our planet is in, and through the fault of the people themselves. And it is not the predecessors who are to blame for this, but the current generations, since the greatest destruction began to occur only in the twentieth century with the use of innovative technologies. The problem of preserving the Earth began to be raised in society relatively recently, but, despite its youth, environmental problems attract an increasing number of people, among whom there are really real fighters for nature and ecology.
In order to somehow improve the state of the environment and preserve some ecosystems, you can create nature reserves and national parks. They preserve nature in its original form, it is forbidden to cut down forests and hunt animals on the territory of protected areas. The protection of such objects and the protection of nature are provided by the states on whose land they are located.
Any reserve or national park is a natural landscape in which all types of local flora grow freely. This is especially important for the conservation of rare plant species. Animals roam freely. They live like they used to in the wild. At the same time, people make minimal intervention:
In addition, tourists and park visitors have the opportunity to observe different animals from a safe distance. It helps bring people and the natural world closer together. It is good to bring children to such places in order to instill in them a love for nature and teach them not to destroy it. As a result, flora and fauna are preserved in parks and reserves, and since there is no anthropogenic activity, there is no pollution of the biosphere.