Ecology is the science of nature, which, first of all, studies the laws of interaction of living organisms with their environment. E is considered the founder of this discipline. Haeckel, who first used the concept of “ecology” and wrote works on the problem of ecology. This science studies populations, ecosystems and the biosphere as a whole.
Goals of modern ecology
One can argue for a long time about what ecology studies, what are its goals, tasks, so let’s focus on the main. Based on various scientific studies, the main objectives of environmental science are as follows:
As a result, everything converges to one question: how to preserve nature, because man has already caused such huge damage to it?
Tasks of modern ecology
Previously, people organically fit into the natural world, revered it and only slightly used it. Now human society dominates all life on earth, and for this people often get paid by natural disasters. Probably earthquakes, floods, forest fires, tsunamis, hurricanes happen for a reason. If people did not change the regime of rivers, did not cut down trees, did not pollute the air, land, water, and did not destroy animals, then some natural disasters might not have happened. To combat the consequences of people’s consumer attitude to nature, ecology sets the following tasks:
These are far from all the tasks that modern environmentalists and ordinary people face. It should be remembered that the conservation of nature directly depends on ourselves. If we take care of it, not only take, but also give, then we will be able to save our world from catastrophic destruction, which is more important than ever.