Golden Retriever: all about the dog, description and photo of the breed


  • Country of Origin: UK
  • The size:
  • Growth:
    51-61 cm
  • The weight:
    27-40 kg
  • Age:
    11-13 years old
  • FCI breed group:
    retrievers, spaniels and water dogs
  • Brief information

  • calm, intelligent and affectionate;
  • obedient and patient;
  • used as an assistant in many areas.
    1. Pros and Cons of Golden Retrievers
    2. Description of golden retrievers
    3. Head
    4. Eyes
    5. Ears
    6. Neck
    7. Frame
    8. Tail
    9. limbs
    10. Gait
    11. Wool
    12. Color
    13. Size and weight
    14. The nature of the golden retriever
    15. Education and training
    16. Keeping Golden Retrievers
    17. Food
    18. Golden Retriever Health
    19. History of the breed
    20. Photos of golden retrievers
    21. Who is this breed for?
    22. Famous owners
    23. How to choose a puppy
    24. Photos of golden retriever puppies
    25. Prices for golden retrievers
    26. Video

    Golden Retrievers are more than just dogs. They become the best friends of their owners and full members of the family in which they are accepted. In addition, this breed is distinguished by a high level of intelligence and ingenuity, and its representatives can become talented hunters. Goldens, as they are also called by the people, will gladly carry out all the instructions and commands of the owner. And as a reward, simple praise and affection will suffice for them.

    Pros and Cons of Golden Retrievers

    Benefits of Golden Retrievers:

  • Ideal for families with children as they get along well with toddlers. They will steadfastly endure their antics, and with older guys they will take part in active games.
  • Despite their openness and kindness, these dogs are quite reserved. They won’t bark for no reason.
  • Great for training, easy to remember commands. This is due to their developed intelligence, due to which golden retrievers are ranked fourth in the list of the most intelligent breeds according to Stanley Coren.
  • Purebred dogs with good working qualities make ideal hunting companions. They bring game and can get through even the thickest thickets.
  • This breed can be trained and used as guide dogs for people with disabilities.
  • Disadvantages of Golden Retrievers:

  • They are quite mobile, so they are not suitable for couch potatoes and melancholic people. Golden needs long and active walks in the fresh air.
  • Sheds profusely several times a year. Therefore, for those who do not tolerate wool in the house and on their clothes, it is better to choose a different breed.
  • Without proper upbringing and an authoritative owner, they can become uncontrollable.
  • They love water, but do not always distinguish between a puddle and a lake. In rainy weather, they like to wallow in the mud. Therefore, the dog should be forbidden to do this from puppyhood and carefully monitor it on a walk.
  • Description of golden retrievers

    These are dogs with an attractive conformation and a moderately muscular body. But not only the positive qualities of character and beautiful appearance made them popular. It was pets of this breed that appeared more often in American films. In almost every melodrama or comedy, where a dog lived in the house of the main characters, it was a golden retriever. Therefore, this dog has become an unspoken symbol of family wellbeing, stability and happiness.

    Golden, despite the fact that a single standard was approved for them, are divided into three types.

    Golden retriever can be:

  • English;
  • Canadian;
  • American.
  • English golden retrievers appeared in the UK and have a wide skull and powerful paws. Their coat is lighter, as close as possible to white color. It is such representatives of the breed that are popular in Europe and in Russia.

    American golden retrievers are less than English, but look more elegant and elegant. Their coat is darker, but its color is not as saturated as that of representatives from Canada. The latter can boast of a beautiful and noble copper shade of woolen cover.

    The head is large, with a wide skull. The forehead is convex, with a well-defined transition to the muzzle. The tubercle on the back of the head is smoothed out, the cheeks are not pronounced. The muzzle has an elongated shape, gradually narrowing from the base to the nose.

    The lips of a golden retriever are black, well pigmented. The upper hangs over the lower, but does not violate the boundaries of the jaw. Teeth under the lips are not visible. Small folds of skin form at the corners of the mouth.

    Jaws well developed, scissor bite. Large, white teeth. The incisors are in line.

    Nose perfectly pigmented, black. Nostrils wide and large.


    The eyes are round and set deep in the skull. The look is meaningful and friendly. The iris can be colored light brown or dark brown. The eyelids are dark, fit well to the eyes. It is important that the whites of the eyes are not visible in a dog that is looking forward.


    Medium length, hanging down along the dog’s skull. The ears are wide at the base, and narrow towards the end. The tip is slightly rounded. Ears set slightly above eye line.


    The Golden Retriever’s neck is well muscled, set high and of medium length. No skin folds.


    In adult dogs, the body is knocked down, with dense and relief muscles. The back is straight, the loin is pronounced, and the withers are clearly visible. The croup has a sloping rounded shape. The chest is broad and deep, but not overly. The belly is tucked up, as is the groin area.


    The tail of the Golden Retriever is quite long, thick at the base, tapering to a cone-shaped tip. Located below the line of the back. In a calm state lowered. When the dog is excited or alert, the tail rises.


    The forelegs are well muscled and stand parallel to each other when viewed from the front of the dog. The shoulders are massive, the shoulder blades are laid back. The angle between them should not be more than 90 degrees. The pasterns are powerful, but not long, stand at a slight slope.

    The hind legs of the Golden Retriever are distinguished by well-developed muscles, set at a great distance from each other. The hocks are set low and turned back. Feet are small and round. The pads are large, the fingers are tightly pressed to each other, the claws are not long.


    The movements of the golden retriever are distinguished by a good push. The gait is even, the hind and fore limbs move parallel to each other. Steps are long, mincing movements are absent.


    The wool of the Golden is quite hard, so it easily repels moisture. It is thick and long, fits well to the body. Under the outer hair there is a fluffy undercoat. Both straight and wavy coats are acceptable. The length of the hair depends on which part of the body it is located on.

    The longest ones are located on the chest, ears, back of the hind and fore limbs, closer to the tip of the tail. The hair on the head and legs is rather short.


    The breed standard allows wool of rich golden, cream, creamy shades. The feathers on the dog’s body may be lighter in color than the rest of the coat. White spots on the chest area are allowed.

    In the European standard, brown and red shades of wool are not allowed when it comes to the classic English golden retriever.

    Size and weight

    Golden Retrievers have a very visible gender. Males at the withers reach 60 centimeters, and their weight can be up to 41 kilograms. Females weigh much less from 25 to 37 kilograms, and the height is from 51 to 56 centimeters.

    The nature of the golden retriever

    If earlier goldens were used exclusively for hunting, then in the modern world this happens less and less. These beautiful dogs become favorites in many families and also benefit society. They make excellent rescuers, “employees” of the police, guides and companions. In families, they can act as a nanny for a small child, and at customs they can be the main “nose” of the service. The Golden Retriever is a smart and docile dog that can be versatile with the right upbringing and training. She is distinguished by diligence and endurance, but aggression in her character is completely absent. Therefore, it will not be possible to make a security guard or bodyguard out of goldens.

    Almost everyone who has deliberately made his choice in favor of a golden retriever simply does not like the soul in his pet. These dogs have virtually no flaws. They are able to charm at first sight, using all their friendliness and charm. In addition, representatives of this breed simply have a phenomenal memory. If your friend paid attention to the dog or treated it to goodies, then the dog will not forget this and will always be glad to meet new people.

    The Golden Retriever’s personality is quite balanced. These dogs try to “keep face” in any situation. They avoid conflicts with any living creature in every possible way. If a person or animal does not show aggression, then golden is always ready to become his friend. Even in critical situations, the golden retriever will try to resolve the issue peacefully. It is almost impossible to meet such a dog that in a rage attacked his opponent.

    For families with children, this breed will be a real find. Dogs will tolerate strong hugs from babies and will not resent if a child pulls on the fur or grabs the tail. With older children, the animal will be happy to start games, run after a bike, catch a Frisbee, catch up with the ball. This breed of dog is more human-oriented than others. The golden retriever is ready to spend all his free time from sleep with the owner and other family members. He will share with them both sorrow and joy. Such qualities allow the use of dogs in canistherapy. Animals help people who suffer from prolonged depression, filling their lives with colors and happiness again.

    These dogs don’t know what suspicion is. Unfamiliar people or animals arouse only interest and curiosity in Goldens. Therefore, do not expect your pet to zealously guard your home and property from uninvited guests.

    Education and training

    A high level of intelligence and a good memory are the main advantages of golden retrievers. But this can play a cruel joke on an inattentive dog owner. If the dog messes up, and the owner misses this moment and does not stop it in the bud, then the situation will repeat itself again. Goldens believe that everything that is not forbidden to them is allowed. Therefore, it is necessary to accustom a dog to discipline as soon as it appears in the house. The pranks that a little puppy does will no longer seem cute to you when he turns into a forty-kilogram dog.

    Like many other puppies, golden retrievers immediately taste the world around them. Therefore, it is important to teach the animal commands “Fu!’ and ‘You can’t!». This will allow you not only to keep your furniture and shoes safe, but also make walking on the street safer. A dog that knows the above commands will not pick up food and other “prohibitions” from the ground.

    You can then teach your puppy basic commands such as “Come!”, “Sit!”, “Lie!”, “Voice!». The intelligence of the golden retriever allows you to start training from two months. When demanding a command, say it in a loud and firm voice. The dog must understand that you are serious, and training is work, not play. After a correctly executed command, reward the baby with stroking and treats.

    More complex training begins when the puppy learns the basic commands. If you are going to attend exhibitions with your pet and participate in competitions, then you need to accustom him to ringing, standing and touching other people’s hands. After a course with a cynologist and zoopsychologist, your pet will be able to work as a guide or canine therapist for children with serious illnesses.

    If you want to use the Golden Retriever as a hunting companion, then you need to get out with him often in nature. The dog will be able to find and bring game only if he sees a downed bird. However, this skill is first trained on a stuffed animal in order to arouse interest in the process in the dog.

    At six months, a puppy can be taught to swim and obedience by whistle. It is better to entrust this process to a professional to avoid mistakes. In a year, they begin to develop endurance, which will be needed on the hunt, when the dog will sit in ambush. Memory training is connected to all this, since it is not always possible for a dog to find a bird solely by smell.

    Keeping Golden Retrievers

    Today, in order to throw out their energy, representatives of this breed no longer need to run through the forest for shot prey. Hunting can be easily replaced by long walks in the park, games and physical activity. A private home with a spacious territory is perfect for a Golden Retriever, where he can run freely in the fresh air. But do not put your pet on a chain, he definitely will not appreciate it. This restriction of movement will negatively affect the physical and psychological health of the dog. She will become discouraged, will be sad and miss her master. Golden should be a companion and friend, so it is better for him to live in a house with his family.

    Keeping such a dog in an apartment is quite difficult. This is an active and energetic dog, and a small area will hold him back. But this disadvantage can be compensated by active walks, which should take place at least twice a day and last several hours.

    Most goldens do not tolerate separation from the owner. Therefore, when he leaves for work, the animal can throw out his bad mood on the surrounding objects. The biggest punishment for this dog is loneliness. If you are a careerist and come home only to spend the night, then it is better to refuse the idea of ​​getting a golden retriever.

    If you want your dog to stay healthy and energetic for a long time, then do not let children saddle him like a horse. From the weight of the child, the back of the animal can bend and twist. The puppy should not be stroked on the head with the palm of your hand and put on a collar through it. So the set of ears can be formed incorrectly.

    One of the main problems in keeping a golden retriever can be its coat. When it’s time to molt, the animal’s hair will be literally everywhere. Even if you brush your dog several times a day, it will not improve the situation. There are two options to solve this problem. Either give up this breed, or put up with abundant molting. If you chose the second option, stock up on brushes, rolls of adhesive tape for cleaning clothes and a powerful vacuum cleaner. For combing wool, a comb with metal teeth rounded at the ends, as well as a mitten for picking up hair, are suitable. To get rid of excess undercoat, you will need a furminator or a slicker brush. Teach your dog to brushing from an early age so that it does not cause him any inconvenience in the future.

    Between molts, the golden retriever’s coat is easy to care for. Enough of a few brushings a week. Bathing the dog should be no more than once a month, and after this procedure, the animal can be slightly shortened coat.

    These dogs have almost no problems with eyes and ears. Therefore, they can be examined for inflammation only occasionally. These parts of the body are cleaned with a cotton swab, which is moistened with a special lotion.

    Teeth should be brushed with a regular toothbrush or finger tip, but with animal toothpaste. If a stone has formed, then it is removed with ultrasound. To prevent plaque, the dog can be given special dental bones to gnaw. They gently massage the gums and clean the teeth.


    For a dog to be healthy and active, it is important to choose the right diet. The best option would be industrial wet or dry food. It contains all the vitamins and minerals necessary for the animal. Industrial ration perfectly balanced. Therefore, you can not worry about the fact that your pet will not receive certain nutrients.

    Whenever possible, it is better for a golden retriever to choose premium and super premium food. They contain animal fat and protein, natural meat, cereals and vegetables. Such diets are enriched with vitamin complexes. Cheaper feeds are organ meats, low in protein and high in carbohydrates.

    Golden Retriever food pellets should be large. The dog will chew on them, which will prevent overeating and swallowing food quickly.

    Up to four months, golden puppies are fed five times a day. When the animals reach the age of five months, they are transferred to four meals a day. After six months, dogs eat three times a day, and after eight months like adult dogs, twice.

    Health of golden retrievers

    Unfortunately, golden retrievers belong to painful dog breeds. Therefore, they, together with the owners, can often be seen in veterinary clinics. The most frequent diseases from which the Golden suffer are mentioned in each reference book. Common pathologies include dysplasia of the hip joints, characteristic of many large breeds of dogs, as well as the degeneration of the retina of the eye.

    In addition, golden retrievers are prone to a dozen more pathologies, if not more. They more often find malignant tumors and diseases of the cardiovascular system. They are prone to allergies, hypothyroidism, atopic dermatitis and other unpleasant and dangerous ailments.

    Golden retrievers easily gain excess weight. It may seem to many that this problem is not so scary. But obesity causes serious health problems. Excess weight significantly reduces the life expectancy of animals, and also has a negative effect on the joints. Therefore, in old age, overweight dogs develop arthritis.

    It is important not to miss the disease of the teeth and gums. Inflammation or abscess can be the impetus for the development of infection throughout the body. And if not treated promptly, it can lead to death.

    History of the breed

    The main reason for the emergence of the Golden Retriever breed was the love of the aristocrats of England for hunting. In the nineteenth century, the rich blue bloods spent all their free time shooting wild ducks. To do this, they needed loyal and dexterous assistants. At that time, hounds were already actively used for hunting. There was a question about the need for a dog to search for and offer wounded birds. It was this demand that provoked the appearance of the golden breed, which first appeared in Scotland.

    The emergence of the Golden Retriever breed is usually associated with the name of Dudley Marjoribanks. This lord, originally from Scotland, was known for his love of dogs. It was he who became the “father” of the breed, which was not afraid of water, could easily make its way through a thick thicket, find and bring game.

    What kind of blood flowed through the veins of Marjoribanks’ dogs was kept secret for a long time. But in the middle of the twentieth century, records from his books were published. And the whole world became aware that Goldens owe their appearance to Labradors, Retrievers, Spaniels and Bloodhounds. The very first offspring was from a Tweed Water Spaniel and a Flat-Coated Retriever, which had a yellowish color.

    At the beginning of the last century, Goldens managed to become popular in many European countries. Then they appeared in America and Canada. Moreover, in these countries a special breed standard was formed. Golden Retrievers did not get to the Soviet Union. They were brought to the territory of Russia after its collapse. The first golden appeared in our country only in 1991.

    Who is this breed for?

    The Golden Retriever is suitable for active owners who are ready to devote a lot of time to walking with their pet. It should not be started by those who are rarely at home, as well as the elderly. In the apartment, the dog will feel good only on condition of frequent and long walks on the street. An ideal place for a dog to live would be a house with a large adjacent territory.

    If you are pedantic and do not tolerate wool on your clothes, then golden will not be the best choice. Allergy sufferers may also have problems with this dog.

    The representative of this breed will fit perfectly into a family with children. He will be for them both a nanny and a friend. Golden Retrievers also get along well with other animals.

    Such a dog is also suitable for those who are fond of hunting. To show their working qualities, the Golden needs professional training.

    Golden Retriever: all about the dog, description and photo of the breed

    Famous owners

    Golden retrievers are distinguished by their attractive appearance, kind and cheerful disposition, friendliness. It is not surprising that many celebrities have given preference to this particular breed.

    Golden was the favorite dog of US President Gerald Ford. The dog’s name was Liberty. The President adored his pet and even hosted parties at the White House in honor of his birthdays. For this, Ford was often criticized in the press.

    The famous film actor James Belushi had a golden named Memo for fifteen years. Stars such as Bradley Cooper, Pamela Anderson and Jackie Chan also own Golden Retrievers.

    How to choose a puppy

    To buy a purebred dog, you should not look for a dog on dubious ads on the Internet or buy a puppy from your hands in the market. It is better to choose a well-known cattery or breeders with great experience and good reviews.

    Before the meeting, study all the information about the breed standard. You can go with a professional cynologist who will help you make the right choice.

    If you are going to go hunting with a dog, you should buy a puppy from working parents. Those who want to take part in exhibitions and competitions are suitable for the animal class animal. In this issue, the decisive will be who is the parents of the puppy. The more awards they have, the greater the likelihood that their baby will also be successful.

    From their parents, the puppy inherits not only the working qualities and features of the exterior, but also the character traits. Therefore, it is important to get acquainted with the mother and father of your future favorite. If the seller does not want to show them to you, this is an occasion to refuse to buy. After all, this means that not everything is in order with the pedigree puppy.

    If you want to purchase a dog that will be part of your family and become a pet, then give preference to bitches. They differ in greater complaisance, and are also more attached to their owners. The males of this breed are very charismatic, but they need a confident owner who can become a leader for the dog. Boys are more active and talented in hunting.

    It is noteworthy that the temperament of American and European golden retrievers is different. This fact must be taken into account when choosing a puppy. Dogs from America are more energetic and show their emotions more vividly. While European representatives of the breed are distinguished by a calm character and patience.

    Renowned breeding kennels keep golden retrievers in good conditions. Puppies are well-fed, healthy, funny. All babies must have a pedigree, a passport with vaccinations and marks for treatment with anthelmintic drugs.

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