Goose onion photo and description of the plant, what it looks like, therapeutic properties

Goose onion (lat. Gagea) elegant perennial grassy plant. This is one of the first plants that delight people in the spring with their bright appearance. But, despite its ignorance of care, it still requires proper landing and regular watering.

Every spring, its slender stems, crowned with bouquets of bright yellow colors, can be seen in meadows, forest glades and just on roadsides.

Appearance

The yellow goose onion is, in size, a small perennial related to the family of lily. Blooms from the beginning to midApril and grows in almost any conditions: from steppes and semideserts, to mountain slopes, or river slopes. He is very unpretentious and can live on gravel slopes, crevices of rocks, limestone and even salted soils.

This plant is herbaceous, dimensions 8-15 cm. Accordingly, his stem is thin, and on the stem, from under the ground, a narrow but very long sheet is cursed. He has up to six small petals, bright yellow inside and greenish from the outside, they are collected in small bouquets on the stems. The leaves of the perianth is greenish, their length ranges from 1.3-1.8 mm.

Goose onion is propagated by bulbs. Its fruits are small spherical boxes. The period of its maturation begins in May, and ends only the next spring.

Flowers form 6 delicate petals. Their inner part is painted in a light golden color. The outer part has a greenish tint. In good weather, buds are revealed completely and shine brightly against the background of greenery. Its buds resemble miniature tulips yellow. In the evening and in bad weather, inflorescences are closely close and become almost invisible due to the green color from the outside of the petals.

Today, scientists have more than 100 varieties of this plant. Definitely, his homeland is Africa. From there he got to Europe and spread throughout the continent.

Kinds

The main difference between this hundred species is the quantity and type of bulbs. The aboveground part is almost identical. The most popular and common in Eurasia:

Yellow. He is the most common in Eurasia. Grows to 25 cm, with a single large onion. Additional, small bulbs, simply no. Perianth leaflets from the outside are green.Small onion, with a peduncle up to 15 cm, the petallic perianth’s petals are sharp.

Red goose onion with a single onion, escape up to 15 cm, redbrowned perianth, hence the name. Bulbous, with many small bulbs and a stem up to 15 cm.

Among other species:

Grain onions very rarely found and entered in the Red Book. It is found in the whims of Siberia, China, Kazakhstan and Mongolia. For the first time, he was examined in detail by the Botanik scientist, originally from the Russian Empire-Turchaninov, in the mid-19th century. He has a brown onion, a stalk of 20 cm long and yellow inflorescence. It is consumed. The stem has no leaves. Petals 1.5 cm long, with green or reddish-brown stripes from the outside, the fruit of the box

Lugovoi onion cultivated as a cultural decorative plant. In the spring it is used as a decoration of flower beds and personal plots, creating lawns with yellow colors. Reproduction is carried out on bulbs that are planted at the beginning of autumn. The most suitable for planting will be a sunny place. Reaches a height of 20 cm.

Blooming goose onion this bow is from North Africa and the Balkan Peninsula. The peduncle can contain up to 7 yellow flowers similar to stars, and the length varies within the boundaries of 6-30 cm.

Cover onion this plant is very difficult to detect, because in the shade it does not bloom, and only under the bright rays of the sun, small yellow stars form on it.

The onion is fibrous in the spring and summer this smallloud plant forms erect flowers collected in umbrellas; Green perianth and yellow inside.

Greek goose onion. The leaves of this species are very narrow, but can reach 12 cm in length. The inflorescences are white and in the spring they are clearly visible purple veins. This species is not frostresistant, so it is grown in a greenhouse or mountaineering. After flowering the flowers, the plant is not watered.

Where it grows

The main area of ​​the spread of goose onions is located in central Europe, not taking into account the most extreme oceanic outskirts in the West. He extends east to Asia to the Ural mountains, but after a large square without its colors, appears again in the Far East in the form of scattered populations in Eastern Siberia, Korea, Sakhalin, Northern Japan, in the Kuril Islands and on the Kamchatka peninsula. This species is also found in the Himalayas, he prefers moist, trees rich in trees, meadows, rivers and hedges and is one of many species that, as a rule, grow along the streams, their seeds, bulbs or autonomic fragments are washed off from eroded coasts of rivers to settle in suitable places downstream. Usually this is a flat species, but in the warmer parts of its range, for example, in the deciduous forests of Italy, it can spread to large heights, up to about 1500 m.

Growing

He can grow both in wild conditions and in home. It can be seen in meadows, fields, in rocky terrain and ravines, in a word, everywhere. But the soil should be moderately wet. A great option is to leave it where it is growing now. Since it is not demanding in care, it can be planted next to the sidewalk. With humus in sufficient light can grow almost everywhere.

Reproduction

Bullets in goose onion germinate in the third year after the formation, in subsequent years they give a particularly large number of bulbs, but after the sixth they can only be spread by seeds.

Take out onion and divide them only after the leaves are fading. Before planting, it is advisable to soak them in the solution, dry and place for storage in a dry, dark place, for example, in a box. Thus, at the time of landing, they will be like new.

No need to bury the bulbs too deep. 2-3 cm is enough. The distance is also not too large-10-15 cm. Planting should be done in the fall, in September.

Care

Because of “wildness”, goose onion is not whimsical to care. But, as with any plant, some rules should be followed:

  • Moderate watering. Although goose onion loves moisture, an excessive amount of moisture will destroy the flower, led by rotting it. Watering should be regularly, but not too much so that the water does not linger;
  • Transfer. You can transplant onions at any time of the year, even when it blooms. But the flowers need to be cut so that the onion does not spend useful substances on the formation of a box with seeds, but let all his strength to take root in a new habitat.
  • The number of plants. Excessive amount of goose onions in one place can lead to the fact that it will begin to multiply too quickly, and remove it from the site will become problematic.
  • Interesting Facts

  • In the summer, the plant has a period of rest. And in early autumn, the escape is completely formed on the goose of the bow for the next year.
  • The tops of his leaves begin to resemble a solid tip, which in early spring helps the plant to break through frozen ground, snow or ice crust.
  • Goose onion blooms only 2-3 weeks. Its flowers wake up at 10 in the morning, and fall asleep at 17 yesterday. In cloudy or rainy weather, they do not appear at all.
  • Goose onion seeds are usually sown closer to winter. If you want to grow more such plants, it is best to scatter the bulbs in the place where the onion is already growing, for example, into the lawn, and slightly deepen the bulbs in the ground. With this landing, you will get a beautiful natural carpet from stars.
  • Use in medicine

    Alternative medicine is often a panacea for those who are disappointed in the methods of treatment proposed by the pharmaceutical industry. One of its main directions was and remains herbal medicine, that is, herbs treatment. Its main advantages are undoubtedly the availability, overcompletry and security. Although herbs are not as effective as antibiotics, they are more sparing for the body and do not cause addiction.

    In fact, like any treatment, herbal medicine can have restrictions and contraindications. Therefore, in order not to harm or aggravate the course of the disease, before the use of this or that medicine, it is better to consult a doctor. One of the most widely used plants in herbal medicine is goose onions.

    The name of the culture itself indicates the content of useful elements in it. Scientists identify it with garlic, since many elements were found in the shoots and onion:

  • Vitamin C;
  • Vitamins of group B, PP, E;
  • Essential oils;
  • Sulfur;
  • Carotene;
  • Inulin.
  • Medicines are also created thanks to a unique set of ingredients based on goose onions. They are used to combat diseases such as: hepatitis; asthma; epilepsy.

    Goose onion has antiseptic properties. Therefore, it is used to treat deep wounds. Decoctions from this plant are used to reduce blood glucose levels. The drink is prepared from 2 ingredients: water (100 g) and goose bulbs (1 t. L). The bulbs are cut into small pieces or grinded into a gruel. Then pour hot water and boiled over medium heat for about 5-6 minutes. The drug is insisted for about 2 hours, after which they are filtered. Take 1 t. spoon after each meal.

    Red Book

    Some types of goose onions are listed in the red books of many regions of Eurasia, in connection with extinction. Among them:

  • Red Book of the Chita region;
  • Red Book of the Aginsky Buryat Autonomous Okrug;
  • List of endangering plants of the Amur;
  • Hinganian reserve;
  • Muravyovsky Park.
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