Goose Piskulka Birds of the Red Book | Photos and description, interesting facts, report

Piskulka (Anser Erythropus) a migratory bird of the duck family, a detachment of the gooseshaped, is on the verge of extinction, listed in the Red Book. Also known under the name:

  • Small whitefaced goose;
  • Whitehaired cameras.
  • Description

    With its appearance, the squeak is very reminiscent of an ordinary goose, only a smaller, with a small head, short paws and beaks. The weight of females and males significantly varies and can be from 1.3 to 2.5 kg. Body length536 cm, wingspan115-140 cm.

    The feathery color is white-gray: the head, the upper body is brown-gray, the back to the tail is light gray, there are black spots on the sink. A distinctive feature is a large white strip that crosses the entire forehead of the bird. Eyes brown, surrounded by orange skin without feathers. Paws-orange or yellow, the beak is painted in bodily or pale pink.

    Once a year, in the middle of summer, the squeak process begins at the piscumor: first the subfusion is updated, and then the feathers are renewed. During this period, birds are very vulnerable to the enemy, since the speed of their movement through water, as well as the ability to quickly take off, are significantly reduced.

    Habitat

    The squeak lives throughout the northern part of Eurasia, though in the European part of the mainland their number in recent decades has significantly decreased and is under the threat of disappearance. Wintering places: the shores of the Black and Caspian Seas, Hungary, Romania, Azerbaijan and China.

    Small, artificially restored, settlements of these birds are found in Finland, Norway, Sweden. The largest wild populations are in Taimyr and in Yakutia. To date, the number of this species, according to scientists, does not exceed 60-75 thousand individuals.

    For its nesting, the squeak chooses a mountain, or a mountainous floor, covered with shrubs, rocky terrain near reservoirs, floods, swamps, estuaries. Street nests on elevations: bumps, floods, while making small recesses in them and lining them with moss, fluff and reeds.

    Before creating a couple, birds look closely at each other, hold marriage games. The male flirts with the female for a long time, tries to attract her attention with dancing and a loud bog. Only after the goose makes a choice, the couple begins to reproduce.

    Often, the squeaks are laid from 3 to 5 eggs of pale yellow color, which is made for a month exclusively a female. The goslings are born completely independent, grow quickly and develop: in three months this is already quite formed young animals. Sexual maturity of this species occurs in a year, the average life expectancy is 5-12 years.

    The flock leaves with the start of the first cold weather: in late August, early September. They always fly with a key or inclined line, leads a flock of leader its most experienced and hardy representative.

    Pisking nutrition

    Despite the fact that the squeak spent most of the day in the water, it finds food for herself exclusively on land. Twice a day, in the morning and evening, the flock is chosen from the water in search of the shoots of young grass, leaves, clover and alfalfa. In her diet there is food exclusively plant origin.

    The squeezed fruits and mulberry berries are considered a very great treat. They can also often be seen near fields with legumes or grain crops.

    Interesting Facts

    1. The squeak is easily domesticated if it is planted to a flock of home geese, it will become there very quickly there and forget about her wild past and can even choose a couple of other species.
    2. This feathered one got their name for an unusual, special squeak, which he publishes during the flight. No other animal or person can repeat such sounds.
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