Grabus ordinary description, photo, range and wood features

Grab is not some kind of exotic in our country-this tree can be easily found in the parks of the city, and in any deciduous forest where the grab will necessarily catch the eye of. Not everyone will recognize him, but this sprawling and high plant has many varieties, which everyone has always seen in our forests.

It is difficult to establish the etymology of the name of the plant there is an opinion that the word “grab” comes from the Indian “scratching”, because the tree is characterized by really dense wood, from which the details of machine tools and mills were made once.


Grab is a powerful high tree, which in some cases can reach a height of up to 25 meters with a serious barrel up to 40 cm in diameter.  The thick crown of the grab is usually twisted on top and is characterized by silver-gray color. The leaves have an oval shape, oblong, but rounded at the base, about 15 cm long on long petioles.

And thin long branches tend to hang in the spring, and in the summer to gain a direct shape.

Grab is a singleday plant its kidneys are quite acute, long (up to 6 cm) and narrow with colorful bacticular scales.

The root system of this tree is particularly branched and usually it is located at a fairly close distance to the surface of the soil, and the roots sometimes even come out of the soil.

The barrel of the plant is usually covered with a variety of cracks and hillocks only young seedlings have an even surface of the bark. Moreover, with age, the trunk is twisted and becomes unsuitable for the removal of valuable wood.


Runes can be recognized by the bark it is smooth and fairly bright. And if in addition to such a bark there is a sprawling openwork foliage and crown there is no doubt that this is definitely a grab. Often, the rash is used by designers in landscape art and urban park ensembles, since its foliage has one important quality it can be haircuts without problems and is able to take any form.

The foliage of the grab on the wrong side is usually vile and slightly pubescent depending on the type of plant, it can be of different sizes from 5 to 20 cm. In autumn, the crown of trees acquires a bright color of the most different colors from yellow to purple.

Grab is a singleday plant it has female and male earrings that appear along with the first foliage and are able to selfsleep. And after pollination, the earring falls, and fruits appear in their place small nuts of small size. They are quite light and a kilogram of such fruits can be counted up to three tens of thousands.


Grab is a common plant, and its varieties have a large number:

  • European, or ordinary, which is found throughout the mainland of Europe. High plant with a natural eggshaped shape of the crown.
  • Continuous, or seaside its chip can be called transparent leaves, ideal for gardens and parks. Such a grab is able to give a sufficient amount of shadow, without depriving shrubs and other plants in the lower part of the sunlight.
  • Caroline, or North American this plant loves shadows and low temperatures and requires a large amount of moisture. Therefore, it grows exclusively on the shores of water bodies. And does not reach large sizes.
  • Virginsky, who is preferred by designers and decorators for his unusual crown.
  • The Caucasian Grab, which has a unique twisted barrel and the ability to protect the soil from leaching and subsidence processes. Usually grows on mountain slopes.
  • Black, or decorative grab, by the birthplace of Asia (Japan), suitable for the design of an exotic bonsai.
  • Habitat

    In the wild, the habitat range covers a large territory almost all of Europe, Asia, the Caucasus and the countries of the Iranian Highlands. It usually grows in cheerful broadleaved forests and sometimes forms oneshaped forests. As a rule, the second tier of forests occupies but sometimes the way to rise high up to two thousand meters above the sea.

    Grab is a tree from the Birch family, which is popularly called a roundout and thick foliage. Over the long years of life, a tree can reach a decent height and the diameter of the barrel will not be so inspiring (up to 500 cm).

    However, large and powerful specimens of this plant remained mainly only in the wild. In the landscape design of parks and squares, hornes are usually cut as soon as they reach a height of about 6 meters.

    Rubs prefer loose, and swampy soils for their habitat and are characterized by thermophilic properties its winter hardiness is at a fairly low level.

    Planting and care

    For perfect growth and development, the rake needs moisturized soil, which contains a large amount of lime. But at the same time it is advisable to avoid in breeding the grab too abundant watering and a large amount of water. These trees belong to shadetolerant, and calmly perceive winds and other precipitation. However, like any plant, Grab loves solar climate and even territories.

    This tree will feel great in coniferous forests, and in open areas, and even in mountain massifs. Although the preferred habitat is solar clearings characterized by moisturized, but rather soft soil.

    For a grab may be a serious test for a compacted, compacted soil with a large level of salinity. The plant feels great in urban conditions, endure frosts normally but in the summer heat it requires careful watering.

    In general, this culture does not belong to the moody and any neighborhood will calmly survive; Unless the heatloving Caroline appearance is better to plant next to the oak, if such an opportunity arises.

    But together with the horn, it is better to plant low shrubs for example, jasmine or juniper that will help to form a pretty composition for any (not only designer!) needs.


    The hornbeam is characterized by typical illnesses of any trees: this is rot of shoots, and cancerous formations, and, of course, the spotting of the leaves.

    The fungal infections of this tree are usually treated using herbicides, but cancer, which is quite capable of causing marsupial mushroom (with ulcerative manifestations), unfortunately, cannot be treated. Usually in this case the tree is destroyed with the obligatory burning of wood.

    In the case of brown spotting, it is enough to spray the plant with a solution of copper sulfate.

    If we are talking about insects-pests that would be worth being afraid of the rash, then they simply do not exist. Basically, bugs prefer to attack the forest neighbors of this powerful tree.

    Interesting Facts

    The rash has a rather interesting wood, which, on the one hand, has quite high strength and resistance to abrasion, and, on the other hand, is not entirely suitable for wide use due to its curvature. Usually it is customary to make musical instruments, parquet, handles and much more from this tree. The plant itself looks very decorative and is distinguished by a variety of landscape forms. Grab bark is usually used as a tanny substance, and young shoots are used to feed animals.

    In industry, it is customary to use not only the tree trunk as a source of wood, but also almost any parts of it:

  • the foliage of the grab goes as a feed base of cattle;
  • The bark is used for many tannins contained in it;
  • Grab leaves and nuts give essential oils used in the cosmetic and food industries;
  • Grab flowers are used in pharmaceuticals.
  • Grab is not just a culture valued for its decorative properties. Very often this tree is grown in extensive industrial scale and goals. Its wood is valued as building material and is used in the manufacture of furniture sets, musical instruments.

    Many parts of the grab (flowers, leaves, earrings) have medicinal properties and are used to prepare a wide variety of drugs both in modern and folk medicine.

    The rash does not differ in rapid growth therefore it is quite possible to grow it at home in a pot, since it is able to hold the shape of his crown for a long time, given in the process of growth. Such trees are often grown as Bonsaev, as they are able to transfer the most difficult conditions and require only minimal care.

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