Gray row a representative of the family of classes, in other words, a trichole. Belongs to the Rydovkovs, to the department of basiamitseta, the subdel of agaricomicetes, in addition to the class and subclass. Order: plate. The mushroom is also called a row of a stroke, a sunscount, a sulfur, a mouse. This is a delicious mushroom. At the same time, mushroom pickers rarely pay attention to him.
The hat can reach 40-120 mm in diameter. Representatives are a little larger. The structure is wideshaped. With age it becomes a convex outstretched. Old specimens have a flat open hat. In adults, waves and cracks can be observed.
The center has a wide tubercle. The color is gray, darkening over time. Can have a yellow or green tint. The surface is smooth, dry. The hat is pleasant to the touch. With high humidity becomes adhesive. Covered with fibers with color a few tones darker than a house shade. Almost blackhanded. Are located in radial discrepancy from the central part, so in the center a shade is slightly darker than the extreme parts.
The leg reaches a length of 100 mm. The thickness is 250 mm. Cylindrical shape, sometimes there is a thickening to the base. sometimes deformed and grows into the ground quite deeply. The color is whitish, light gray, light gray with a yellow tint, light-lemon with a yellow tint. In the upper part you can see a small number of fibers or scales of a dark color.
The plates grow with teeth. Not very frequent, wide. Fat with refinement at the edges. White in the beginning, later-light gray. Sometimes with yellow or lemon tint. Cover, ring formations and Volva do not develop.
Spore bag of white color. Disputes do not have color, smooth. Wide ellipsoid or ovoid ellipsoidal.
The hat is fleshy. White meat, under the cover of the skin has a grayish tint. The leg has dense pulp with a yellowish tint. When pressure and damage, the pulp acquires a yellowish tint.
The smell is not bright, pleasant. Mushroom-mock. Old mushrooms can acquire an unpleasant odor due to the severity of the flour aroma. Taste features sweetness. Has a soft and pleasant taste.
Range and seasonality
The gray one can collect a row from the beginning of autumn and up to winter frosts. When freezing can restore taste. Can grow, both in the southern regions and in the moderate lane. The localization is very wide. She is met in Crimea, Novorossiysk, Mariupol, Western Siberia. Found in small groups, grows unevenly.
The mushroom prefers to form mycorrhizes with pine trees. One of the names comes from there. It is common on sandy soils among pine and mixed plantations. Can also be found in old landings. Often you can find near the growth of a row of green. Some claim that she met on rich soils in deciduous foxes with Bucus and Lipo.
Excellent edible representative of the row family. You can eat after cooking. Can be canned, pickled, frying, drying. After cooking, the meat becomes gray-white. Sometimes it can acquire a barely noticeable chestnut shade. Interestingly, adult specimens keep taste without acquiring a bitter taste.
Great healing qualities of the fungus are also noted. Including antioxidant action.
Rowers tend to have gray shades in color. Therefore, almost all representatives of the family are similar:
- The new row is easily confused with a row of pointed, which is poisonous. It has a bitter taste, and externally differs from a gray more acute tubercle.
- Earthly row over time does not acquire yellowness. Also young mushrooms have a rapidly destroyed bedspread.
- The row of Gulled is more often found in fir trees, chosen loamy and lime soils, unlike gray.