Greenhouse effect and its causes and consequences | The problem and essence of the greenhouse effect briefly

The greenhouse effect is an increase in the temperature of the earth’s surface due to the heating of the lower atmosphere by the accumulation of greenhouse gases. As a result, the air temperature is higher than it should be, and this leads to such irreversible consequences as climate change and global warming. Several centuries ago this environmental problem existed, but it was not so obvious. With the development of technology, the number of sources that provide a greenhouse effect in the atmosphere is increasing every year.

Causes of greenhouse effect

We cannot avoid talking about the environment, its pollution, the dangers of a greenhouse effect. To understand the mechanism of action of this phenomenon, you need to determine its causes, discuss the consequences and decide how to deal with this environmental problem until it is too late. The reasons for the greenhouse effect are as follows:

  • the use of combustible minerals in industry coal, oil, natural gas, during the burning of which a huge amount of carbon dioxide and other harmful compounds is released into the atmosphere;
  • transport cars and trucks secrete exhaust gases, which also pollute the air and enhance the greenhouse effect;
  • Carriage of forests that absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen, and with the destruction of each tree on the planet, the amount of CO2 in the air increases;
  • Forest fires are another source of plant destruction on the planet;
  • The increase in the population affects the increase in the demand of food, clothing, dwelling, and in order to provide it, industrial production is growing, which more intensively pollutes the air with greenhouse gases;
  • Agrochemistry and fertilizers contain a different number of compounds, as a result of the evaporation of which nitrogen is released one of the greenhouse gases;
  • The decomposition and burning of garbage at landfills contributes to an increase in greenhouse gases.
  • The influence of the greenhouse effect on the climate

    Considering the results of the greenhouse effect, it can be determined that the main one is climatic changes. Since the temperature of the air, the water of the seas and oceans increases annually, evaporates more intensively. Some scientists predict that in 200 years a phenomenon as “drying out” of oceans will become noticeable, namely a significant decrease in water level. This is one side of the problem. The other is that the increase in temperature leads to the melting of glaciers, which helps to increase the level of water of the oceans, and leads to the flooding of the coast of continents and islands. An increase in the number of floods and flooding of the premium regions indicates that the level of ocean water is increasing every year.

    An increase in air temperature leads to the fact that territories that are little moisturized by atmospheric precipitation become arid and unsuitable for life. Harvests die here, which leads to the food crisis of the population of this area. Also, animals are not food, because plants die out due to lack of water.

    Many people are already accustomed to weather and climatic conditions throughout their lives. Since the air temperature rises due to the greenhouse effect, global warming occurs on the planet. People cannot withstand high temperatures. For example, if previously the average summer temperature was +22- +27, then an increase to +35- +38 leads to sunny and heat strokes, dehydration and problems with the cardiovascular system, there is a great danger of a stroke. Specialists in abnormal heat give people the following recommendations:

  • – reduce the number of movements along the street;
  • – reduce physical activity;
  • – avoid direct sunlight;
  • -increase the use of simple purified water to 2-3 liters per day;
  • – close the head from the sun with a headdress;
  • – if possible, spend time in a cool room during the day.
  • How to minimize greenhouse effect

    Knowing how greenhouse gases arise, it is necessary to eliminate the sources of their occurrence in order to stop global warming and other negative consequences of the greenhouse effect. Even one person can change something, and if relatives, friends, acquaintances join him, they will show an example to the rest of the people. This is a much larger number of conscious residents of the planet who will direct their actions to preserve the environment.

    First of all, you need to stop cutting down forests, plant new trees and shrubs, since they absorb carbon dioxide and produce oxygen. Using electric cars, the amount of exhaust gases will be reduced. In addition, you can transfer bicycles from cars, which is more convenient, cheaper and safer for ecology. Alternative fuel is also being developed, which, unfortunately, is introduced into our daily lives with a slow pace.

    The most important solution to the problem of greenhouse effect is to attract the attention of the world community to it, as well as to do everything depending on us in order to reduce the number of accumulations of greenhouse gases. If you plant several trees, you will already provide great help to our planet.

    The influence of a greenhouse effect on human health

    Primarily, the consequences of the greenhouse effect affect the climate and the environment, but its impact on human health is no less detrimental. It’s like a time bomb: after many years we can see the consequences, but we can’t change anything.

    Scientists predict that people with low and unstable financial situation are most susceptible to diseases. If people are malnourished and do not receive some food due to lack of money, this will lead to malnutrition, hunger and the development of diseases (not just the digestive tract). As abnormal heat sets in in summer due to the greenhouse effect, the number of people with diseases of the cardiovascular system is increasing every year. This is how people experience high or low blood pressure, heart attacks and epileptic seizures, fainting and heat stroke.

    An increase in air temperature leads to the development of the following diseases and epidemics:

  • Ebola fever;
  • Babesiosis;
  • cholera;
  • bird flu;
  • plague;
  • tuberculosis;
  • external and internal parasites;
  • sleeping sickness;
  • yellow fever.
  • These diseases very quickly geographically spread, since the high temperature of the atmosphere helps to move various infections and carriers of diseases. These are various animals and insects, such as flies Tseces, encephalitis ticks, malaria mosquitoes, birds, mice, etc.D. Of the warm latitudes, these carriers move north, so the people living there are exposed to diseases, since they do not have immunity to them.

    Thus, the greenhouse effect causes global warming, and this leads to many ailments and infectious diseases. As a result of epidemics, thousands of people die in different countries of the world. Struggling with the problem of global warming and greenhouse effect, we will be able to improve the ecology and, as a result, the state of health of people.

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