Yarrow is a wellknown medicinal plant that has severe medical properties from antiseptic to antiinflammatory. This grass has long been used as a means of treating wounds and solving problems with bleeding.
The scientific name of the Achilléa yarrow comes from the ancient Greek name of Achilles, which is a mythological participant in the famous Trojan war. It was he, according to legends, he used this remedy for the treatment of wounds.
The plant received its folk epithet “yarrow” thanks to numerous segments located on its sheet. In the Russian nomenclature among botanists in order to avoid tautology in the title (from the Latin “yarrow-thousand-haired”, the species epithet is customary to replace the epithet “ordinary”.
The yarrow is inherently a rod plant, which grows in almost all meadows and fields, on landfills and along the roads.
Initially, this grass was especially appreciated for its medical properties. Yarrow extracts are currently actively used to make many drugs.
Drugs from this plant are perfectly able to stop all types of bleeding (not only external, but also internal), treat many diseases from female problems to hemorrhoids.
And much later, the decorative shape of this plant was cultivated so now yarrow can be found in many flower beds and in flower beds. Today it can be grown without problems in the country or garden plot. It is quite simple to cultivate it buying seeds now is not difficult, and the grass itself is not very whimsical when growing. The broth of yarrow can be successfully used to combat garden pests, such as aphids or ticks. The only thing to know about is that the use of herbal mass and flowers is possible only after the second year of growing plants.
Yarrow is a perennial plant from the family of complex. Its stem is quite straight and hard, reaches a length of up to 1 meter, with a powerful creeping, but rather thin root system. Typically, at the start of the root of the root, the plant forms a socket of basal leaves.
The yarrow is distinguished by the next leaves of the lanceolate type, and all of them are peristered-dissected. All of them are gray-green, sometimes pubescent, and sometimes naked. The lower leaves of the plant are usually petiole, and the upper ones are completely different sessile. And for the leaves this flower got its name “yarrow”.
This plant has small flowers usually white (sometimes pink), which are formed in small baskets collected in complex shields. It is interesting that in each of the baskets there are female white flowers, bisexual tubular (they are in the middle) yellow.
The taste of flowers is quite specific bitter and recognizable. The flowering period of grass begins in the middle of summer and lasts until midautumn.
The rhizome of yarrow is quite massive, with a yellowish tint, characterized by many smaller shoots. The stem of the plant is erect therefore it needs a powerful root system to support.
Propagation of the plant occurs, as a rule, in a seed, but this does not prevent quite successfully producing the crushing of yarrow by dividing or even cuttings. Growing from seeds provides a decent level of results, without needing any special technologies, because the yarrow itself is stable in any natural whims.
But you need to understand that seed propagation is available exclusively for species types, so it is not used by gardeners so often. A more common way is selfsowing.
Where it grows
Yarrow is a common grass, and it can be found almost throughout our country (excluding, of course, the northern regions, as well as the desert territories of the Lower Volga region). Often it can be found in the fields, near roads, and even in the gardens (like weeds) and gardens, where sometimes it forms entire thickets. But a significant share of medicinal raw materials is harvested nevertheless in natural, natural conditions.
This plant is common in Eurasia, America and even Australia after all, it is able to grow even along the banks of reservoirs, and on wastelands.
Groce ordinary is actively used in medicine, as well as for decorative purposes. He is a good honey plant.
This plant is a wonderful natural assetoxidant and its antiallergic, bactericidal and wound healing abilities are well known among the people. Its extract is able to tone the muscles of the female organs and is part of a variety of fees to restore appetite and other tasks. His decoctions and juices are able to stop bleeding, and normalize heart problems. And using it externally, you can achieve an antiburn effect.
All the properties of this plant today are well studied, therefore it is used not only in folk recipes, but also in official pharmacology for:
This grass has been known since ancient times even the ancient Greeks knew very well about its healing abilities. In our country, it is known as cutting grass and, mainly, it was used to stop blood. This was usually done with juice from plant leaves, or even powder from dry grass. It was the yarrow, according to the annals, that caused the recovery of grandson Dmitry Donskoy.
Traditional medicine, in addition to the usual appointment, uses it in malaria, urolithiasis, as sleeping pills, from urinary incontinence, and with liver problems.
Much later, scientists became aware of its useful effect in dysentery, bleeding, to normalize digestion, with problems with the stomach and colitis. Freshly squeezed plant juice is used for tuberculosis and anemia.
The yarrow works great in combination with other plants nettles, for example, in other gatherings, emphasizing the effect of other therapeutic herbs.
The use of this plant in decorative gardening is limited by only a few types of yarrow, but such a formulation of the question does not exclude the use of a conventional therapeutic plant in landscape compositions. Such bushes look very elegant and noticeable, having large inflorescences. The yarrow in a group or mixborder on the site looks great. Especially bright is the variant of the plant with pink flowers.
The yarrow is also known for their insecticidal characteristics and many gardeners use it to destroy the harmful inhabitants of the site the same ticks. To do this, prepare a simple broth (the grass is poured with boiling water) and insisted, after which laundry soap is dissolved in the decoction.
The yarrow has a unique chemical composition it is rich in components and substances that can surprise. First of all, it is an alkaloid called Achillein, which provides the main hemostatic function of the plant.
The organic compound Achillein by the mechanism of its effect resembles the process of blood coagulation in a situation of changing the number of calcium ions however, the formation of blood clots can be avoided with it. And such an action ensures the effectiveness of the yarrow, which is an order of magnitude higher than that of other famous plants that stop blood.
The rich composition of this plant also provides its other therapeutic characteristics. Its leaves and flowers are literally a treasury of complex esters, campars, tannins and resins and organic acids, as well as many other substances and vitamins.
The yarrow, although it is a therapeutic plant, but in experiments with doses, there can also be negative consequences minor toxic effects. And even herbs should be taken with attention phytotherapists are recommended to be careful about dosage and duration of the treatment course with their help.
You need to understand that this plant is contraindicated in acceptance:
Despite the lack of confirmed information, such a drug should be prescribed with caution for patients with thrombophlebitis and increased secretion of the stomach.
The side effect of the adoption of yarrow may be dizziness and the appearance of a rash on the body.
Growing and reproduction
The yarrow is absolutely not demanding on the state of the soil but he loves open places with a large amount of sunlight.
The process of propagation of yarrow occurs through segments of the rhizome, selfsowing or using seeds.
It is customary to sow the seeds in the period of early spring to a short depth and with a small distance between the beds (up to 60 cm), which, if necessary, are thinned after the appearance of the first leaves.
In a favorable time, when planting a plant in early spring, it is already capable of blooming by autumn, and the next year it will bring an even more plentiful crop. If the yarrow is sown in summer or autumn, the plants will bloom only in a year.
The vegetative propagation of the plant is planted in spring or autumn, to a small depth and from small interpretation (up to 50 cm). More correctly at the time of active growth, the plant is fed with minerals or simply by a mullein infusion. Such fertilizer will not hurt and with annual conduct. But you need to remember that experts recommend not holding the plant in one place longer than several years.
Yarrow can be planted and through seedlings. To do this, you need to plant the seeds in a special container and cover with a film, not forgetting to ventilate and moisturize. Shelter can be removed after the emergence. After two leaves are broken, the plant can be planted in individual tanks. And before planting in open ground, you should wait for the complete end of the frost.
Yarrow is a rather extensive genus of plants it covers more than 150 diverse species.
The variety of species of such a plant includes:
This plant lives in forest-steppe, on the sidelines and personal plots-in a word, almost everywhere and grows without any special care. Its strong root system helps the plant root, and at the end of summer a huge shield with flowers is formed on it.
It is customary to attribute to the varieties of such yarrow:
This plant is very demanding of low and high temperatures and has great sensitivity. Its root system has it very close to the surface, and the stems are able to form meter halfbrushes, which in the middle of summer are covered with inflorescences of small color baskets.
Its varieties include:
This perennial plant reaches a height up to 1.5 meters and boasts a gray-green openwork net of foliage with cirrus plates. The diameter of each of the basket of its inflorescences can reach up to 5 mm. As a rule, they are grouped into flat inflorescences, whose width can reach up to 13 cm. Plant flowers are painted in golden color.
It is customary to attribute to the varieties of yarrow of the tavolvoy: