Membranewinged insects (lat. Hymenopter) is one of the largest and developed insects during evolution. The number of species in it according to various sources reaches an average of 155 thousand, which includes about 9 thousand births. Of the main distinguishing features, the presence of two pairs of web wings, as well as the size of the rear wings, which are smaller than the front ones, can be called the presence of two pairs.
It is impossible to describe or count the number of species fully, but there are distinctive and most important groups that are known to everyone:
Bees, mostly honey. These are one of the main insects-pollinators that live in the wild or on apiaries, specially excreted for the production of honey. The family of this species consists of males (drones), uterus and females that are not capable of having offspring and are ordinary workers.
Bumblebees, very similar to bees, but larger and thicker. The construction of their nests occurs in the ground, under plants, for example, moss. They do not produce honey, they are pollinated mainly by clover.
Wasp, which includes a huge number of species that are different from each other on all signs. Only representatives of the family of real OS are mainly known to an ordinary person who do not have a specific habitat and are found everywhere.
Ants are the main workers and builders, as well as amazing insects that can raise huge weights for their size. Anthills, in which this species lives, differs in complexity, because there are many labyrinths and other branches in them. As well as wasps, they are a prefabricated look and include many families that can be very different from each other.
Pillillers. This species is the most harmful among membranes. They destroy agricultural plants and harm forests. Laying eggs, sawers harm the soil, and the hatched larvae massively eat plants.
Since the web-winged has a huge number of completely different types, among them there is even the smallest insect in the world-these are parasitic riders, the length of the body of which is only one hundredth from a millimeter. In addition, there are also large individuals among hundreds of thousands of species, so, grumbling and road wasps, as well as scolles and other families can grow up to ten centimeters in length, becoming the full giants of the world of insects.
The head of most species is free and is a separate part of the body, which is attached to the body using soft tissues and can expand in the transverse direction. The eyeballs of the representatives of this detachment are called complex apples, since their structure is radically different from others and provides animals with developed vision. The organs of the mouth are mainly belonging to the gnawing type, thus they have the lower jaw, teeth and other predator attributes, despite the fact that most species still feed on a vegetatively way. In addition, the food eating organs are specially changed so that individuals use liquid food without any problems, because the developed fangs are necessary not for nutrition, but to protect.
The most amazing and at the same time, the abdomen is considered a special part of the body of all webding. Its form can vary depending on the type and family, it can be completely different sizes, but it mainly consists of 6 or eight segments, not counting the one that connects the body to the back, as well as those segments that are drawn inside with The purpose of storing sting. It is with him that the female is protected from the attack, and males mate. Since this is far from all kinds of this sting, the poisonous glands may be located in its place, and in this case, the insect does not sting, but bites to scare away or completely kill its enemy. Under the sting, an egg or drill is always located, which differs very much in structure from one species to another, but his goal is left alone. The main purpose of these organs is considered to lay eggs into the animal, if the species is parasitic, or the plant in which the larva will live and develop in the future.
Lifestyle and behavior
The whole detachment does not have any certain behavior or lifestyle, because the difference in species and families can achieve such that one insect does not look like another, regardless of the external or internal structure. Basically, all webding try to take care of their offspring, but this manifests itself in different forms. Thus, eggs can simply be deposited into plants, in which there are many nutrients, or in animals. This method is called parasitic and can even lead to deplorable consequences the creature in which the larva develops.
Surprisingly, even in the insect world there are cases when the female makes her way into someone else’s nest and throws her offspring to another species, and she goes to eat and forgets about the eggs. Such species are bucket bees, some wasps and the family of shins, in which there are up to three thousand different types. There are often situations when an individual builds a fullfledged dwelling specifically for offspring, mainly minks in the ground or clay act as such a “nest”.
Such a variety and number of species does not allow to give a general description of the lifestyle of representatives of this detachment, but we can only say that insects behave just like the animals, hunting each other, showing excessive custody or vice versa, forgetting about their offspring, as if it And there was no. The power methods also differ, but this will be said in more detail in the point of the same name.
Where they live
The habitat of representatives of this detachment is common throughout the world, thus it is impossible even in general terms to allocate places where not only the entire detachment lives, but also some certain families. They can settle in the fields, pollinating or vice versa, destroying plants. In the forests where they will just live, without interfering with anyone, or parasitize on the trees. There are actually many options, and it will be too difficult to consider any specific species, and it will be pointless, since it will relate to a full-fledged family whose members can settle through the territory of the entire globe of the globe.
What they eat
Most of the webding belong to the pollinating insects, from which it follows that they get all the nutrients from the pollen of plants with which they enter into mutually beneficial contact. But there are many families that, on the contrary, destroy plants in order to get as much food from them as possible. Maybe such that an entire swarm of insects flies to the animal, kills it and eats rapidly. There are not many such species, but they still exist and harm.
Among this species, not only pollinating, but also parasitic insects are common, which are attached to some plant, wood or mammal, and then throughout the life cycle they feed on with it. Basically, this happens without much harm to the victim, but even so, constant sucking of blood along with nutrients leads to the appearance of diseases in the animal, because of something dies before the end of the time allotted to him. The insect that was parasitized on the mammal is dying with its power source, but at the same time, some of these species simply move to another, continuing to live and harm again.
Among the membranous winged is most of those who multiply by laying eggs, but the method and place are very different. Thus, some families choose a certain territory, hide eggs there, and then wait for the appearance of larvae, fed them and continue to exist together. But far from always it is so simple and rosy. Bear-roller bees intentionally hide their eggs among many others, thereby the offspring is brought up by individuals of a completely different type. There are also cases when only the emerging larvae of the same species attack and devour the larvae of another, or maybe even their own brothers, without noticing it and arranging a fullfledged natural selection, at the end of which only units survive.
The world of insects is no softer than the animal, but in many ways even surpasses in cruelty, demonstrating various atrocities from some types.
There are many reasons why the membrane has to defend and die. They have enemies among animals, for example, rodents or birds, but all this fades against the backdrop of bams from other members of the detachment. Wasp, for example, steal honey at the bees, and the latter can even die because of this. Most of the highest counterparts act and feed on the principle of destroying neighbor, thereby small species die under the oppression of giants.
People also destroy insects, but this does not particularly affect, since the number of species compensates for small losses.
- It is webding that are considered the most developed and strong type of insects, which during evolution have so transformed that they cannot be recognized compared to the past.
- Not only in the animal world there are frivolous mothers who abandon their children or throw them others. In the same way, bucket bees act, which do not get food independently and do not build nests for their offspring, because it is much easier to throw eggs into someone else’s nest, and then just fly away.
- According to the modest calculations of scientists, only ants per person account for about a million, if we take individuals from all over the world. Thus, if once flocks of insects evolve to some kind of conscious stage, they will destroy all of humanity without any problems, because even now some species can kill with their poison alone.
- It’s funny, but the bees do not like yellow and blue, so all those who have an apiary approach the hives exclusively in beige protective suits, which are the most neutral in color and do not provoke aggression from small workers.
- Many are afraid of bumblebees, thinking that they are able to attack and even bite, but such incidents are more likely an exception to the rules, because these insects are very simple, trying not to respond to some stimuli at all. If you deliberately not annoy Pukhlyakov, they will not even fly away, because they will not consider you some good reason to distract from business.