How the Amazon depends on the climate | Dependence on the climate of the Amazon River

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The Amazon is rightfully considered the extremely remarkable regions of our planet. Thanks to its territorial location near the equator, it was recognized as the most fullflowing river containing about 40 percent of all waters of South America. The water from the Amazon enters the ocean in the ratio of 1/5 of all existing rivers. Even the tributaries of this river are considered rather large rivers. For some time now, the Amazon river was also nicknamed the longest river of the Earth, the river mouth of which is 10 times higher.

Distribution

Most of the waters of the Amazon River is located on the territory of the Republic of Brazil. The rest of the river basins are on Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia and Colombia.

The Amazon begins to flow on the territory of the snowy mountains of the Andes located at an altitude of 5 thousand meters. At this height, warm river waters combine with other flows and flow down to the jungle territory. Sowing below, to a height of 3.5 thousand meters, the Amazon flows into wet forests.  Here the course of the river is very stormy. Water that break through the mountains form waterfalls. On the foot of the Andes River, the Amazon enters the mouth of the Amazon Lowland, which is the biggest lowland on Earth. There it flows surrounded by tropical forests.

Climate influence

The climate in the Amazonia is mainly hot and humid. The temperature regime ranges from 24 26 degrees Celsius throughout the year. Can aggravate with an increase in air humidity. The climate of the Amazon itself is attributed to the monsoon type. The large river basin of the Amazon, combined with high temperature, leads to the formation of wet air at the surface of the earth, which rises into the atmosphere with severe heating. When the steam begins to condensate, the formation of heap clouds occurs. This process takes place on Amazon all year. This type of precipitation is called conventional. Rains on the Amazon occur with short frequency. On average, the climate alternates hot and rainy every 2 years.

The climate of the Amazon lowland, or Amazon, may differ in various regions. The territory of the West and north of the region is characterized by a typically equatorial climate, which has two periods of heavy rains from February to June and from October to January. Southern and north characterized by a merger of abundant sediment in one. High humidity in this region lasts almost the entire year, even in dry periods there are precipitation.

Precipitation

Rains in Amazonia are very strong and impulsive. As a rule, they occur in the afternoon. From evening to morning weather without precipitation. Thanks to these climatic features, wet tropical forests with rich flora are developing in the Amazon.

The influence of the climate on the Amazon is the problem of global warming. Constant emissions of anthropogenic substances into the atmosphere and the tendency to delete plays one of the key roles of increasing the temperature background of the Earth over the last hundred years. In 2005, the Amazon fraught the strongest period of drought. This formed the basis for the development of serious environmental problems.

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