The forests of our country are rich in mushrooms, and there is hardly a person indifferent to mushrooms. Mushrooms from the point of view of cooking are a universal and very highcalorie product: various snacks are prepared from them, used in the preparation of hot dishes, and very tasty soups are cooked from them. But, unfortunately, not all mushrooms can be eaten, some of them can cause serious digestive disorders and even poisoning. Therefore, the process of collecting mushrooms should be approached as responsibly as possible.
When should you pick mushrooms
Mushrooms begin to appear in the spring, in midApril, and their collection lasts until the end of November. There are special calendars of mushroom pickers, which contains information about what months in which mushrooms should be collected. The bulk of edible mushrooms is collected in August September, but depending on weather conditions, these terms can shift both to the right and to the left.
Where you do not need to pick mushrooms
Mushrooms absorb substances from the soil like a sponge. Together with useful nutrients, various harmful toxins and chemicals can get into mushrooms. Therefore, it is better to refrain from collecting mushrooms near railways and roads with large traffic. You should not pick mushrooms and near industrial facilities, agricultural land and garbage dumps.
How to distinguish
There is no universal rule that allows you to distinguish an edible mushroom from an inedible, but several basic differences can be distinguished:
Analogs of edible mushrooms are very similar to the originals and it is quite difficult to distinguish them. There are a number of common signs that you have not an edible mushroom, but its dangerous double:
Now we will consider more details of the most widespread dangerous doubles.
White mushroom or boorus, its dangerous doubles are the gall mushroom, the satanic mushroom and the oaksized oak. The gall mushroom differs from the original with a bitter taste and in that its cut changes color to red. You can distinguish the Satanic mushroom from the boat by the color of the legs, in a dangerous double it is bright red color. Dubovik speckled differs from the boat with the presence of a reddish scales on the leg, its cut changes the color to blue, and the edges of the hat are darkened after pressing.
Honey mushrooms and false mushrooms. There are several varieties of false mushrooms. Distinctive features of gray-yellow honey mushrooms are:
Brick-red false honey mushrooms can be distinguished from the original by the following signs:
Champignons. The doubles of champignons are pale gangs and fly agaric fluent. You can distinguish pale pursues from the original according to the following signs:
The fly agaric is smelly. One of the most poisonous mushrooms. They can only be poisoned by touching him with a hand, and then touching his mouth with the same hand. The distinctive features of fly agaric are smelly:
Chanterelles. As dangerous doubles, talkers are orange or false chanterelles. You can distinguish a false chanterelle from the original by the following signs:
From the described in this article we can conclude that when collecting mushrooms or as this process is also called “quiet hunting”, you need to be very vigilant and attentive, because there are a lot of nuances in determining the edibility of mushrooms. In the absence of experience, it is better to consult with visent mushroom pickers, since mushroom poisoning can lead to serious consequences, and sometimes deaths.