Hungarian beetle an insect that belongs to the detachment of the hard winged and the Zheumeni family. There are two subspecies of the Hungarian beetle: Carabus Hungaricus Scytus Motschulsky and Carabus Hungaricus Mingens Queensel. This insect is listed in the Red Book.
How it looks
The body of the beetle is stocky and convex. The length of the body of the beetle varies from 22 mm to 30 mm. The color of the insect is black. This arthropm has convex overlaps, a rather wide front. Hungarian beetles have deepenings on the overlap, located in 3 rows. The subspecies of Hungaricus Scytus Motschulsky dimples are large, while in another subspecies they are flat and it is difficult to notice them.
Where it lives
Hungarian beetle lives in Central Europe. They live in Bulgaria, in the Carpathians, Ukraine and Eurasia. The northern border of the range in Eurasia runs through the Saratov, and the southern border through the Krasnodar Territory.
Habitat are represented by virgin meadows with steppes, mountain valleys and forest belts. Basically, beetles live in areas that are located at 1000-1200 m. above the water level. Sometimes these insects can be found on agricultural lands.
The maximum number over the season is observed in the spring, namely in May. The number of insects is reduced due to the destruction of habitats of this type. The main factor is the plowing of the steppes. The species is listed in the Red Book of Eurasia as a species, whose number is rapidly reduced. The beetle is guarded in the Galician Mountain and in the North Ossetian Reserve.
These insects can winter only by adults. Wintering ends in early April. In May, insects come in a period of propagation. Another peak begins in September, at this time a new generation is born to light. Usually, gods do not divide the territory and rarely “travel”.
Larvae and adults are omnivorous. Hungarian beetles most often eat worms and invertebrates. Insects are more active at night, they are not visible during the day. Larvae develop in the summer, the first beetles are born in August.
- This species was first described by an entomologist from Denmark in 1792. Fabritsius found the first Hungarian beetles in the mountains of Budapest. The first arthropods are currently stored at the University.
- The Hungarian beetle prefers to hide in foreign burrows during the day. Larvae also develop there.
- The beetles have 6 paws, they consist of 5 members. On each paw there is a zazubin located on the lower leg, which insects clean the mustache.
- This species lives about 2-5 years.
- Mudders pass all the stages of development, namely an egg and a larva, a doll and an Imago.
- Immediately after fertilization, the female digs the earth and burns up the masonry to a depth of about 5 cm.
- The number of eggs in laying varies from 20 to 80 eggs. Where the laying is located, it should be wet and warm. The soil should have a wide layer of humus.
- Sexual dimorphism is expressed in size: female individuals are always more than males. Males also have wide front paws and thick antennae.
This type of beetle almost does not care about offspring after insects go into the stage of the larvae.