Italian pine Pinia photo and description | Mediterranean pine

The Mediterranean Italian Pine Pinia is a mediumsized tree with a large flatshaped umbrella, grows along the Mediterranean basin in coastal areas, especially common in the south of Western Europe.

Strength conditions

The tree occupies a wide range of climatic and soil conditions, but demonstrates low genetic variability. Mediterranean pine tree grows better in dry weather, with severe direct sunlight and high temperatures. The seedling transfers a shadow in the early stages of growth.

Pine prefers acidic siliceous soils, but also tolerates lime. Use the Mediterranean pine for:

  • collection of edible seeds (cedar nuts);
  • seals of sandy dunes in coastal areas;
  • logging;
  • hunting;
  • grazing cattle.
  • Natural enemies of pines

    This type of pine is rarely affected by insect pests and diseases. In the early stages of growth, seedlings affect some fungal diseases that damage young plantations. In the Mediterranean Mediterranean basin, forest fires pose the main threat to pine, although a thick bark and a high crown make a tree less sensitive to fire.

    Description of the Italian pine

    Cedar Mediterranean pine is an evergreen coniferous tree of medium size, which grows up to 25-30 m. Trunks exceed 2 m in diameter. Crohn’s spherical and shrubby in young specimens, in the form of an umbrella in the middle age, flat and wide in maturity.

    The top of the trunk is decorated with numerous inclined branches. Needles grow closer to the ends of the branches. The bark is reddish-brown, fractured, with wide flat, orange-violet plates. The needles are bluish-green, an average of 8-15 cm long.

    The plant is oneday, samesex. Pollen cones are pale orange-brown, numerous and collected around the base of new shoots, 10-20 mm long. Seed bumps are ovoid-cheeky, 8-12 cm long, green at a young age and reddish-brown in adulthood, ripen for the third year. The seeds are pale brown, 15-20 mm long, heavy, with easily separated wings and poorly dissipated by the wind.

    The use of pin

    This pine is a multipurpose look cultivated for the production of lumber, nuts, resins, cows, protection against soil erosion, for environmental and aesthetic purposes.

    Pine wood production

    Wood-breeding products from Mediterranean pine trees of good quality. Widely used material in the past. In modern conditions, the slow growth of the Mediterranean pine is compared with other species makes this tree economically ineffective. Pine is only a secondary view of commercial plantations.

    Strengthening the coastline

    The high stability of the roots of the Mediterranean pine to bad sandy soils successfully uses to consolidate sandy dunes in the coastal regions of the Mediterranean Sea.

    The most valuable product from the pine of the Mediterranean

    Undoubtedly, the most economically important product that is extracted from pine is edible seeds. Cedar nuts have been used and sold since ancient times, and the demand for them is constantly growing. The main manufacturers of this product:

  • Spain;
  • Portugal;
  • Italy;
  • Tunisia;
  • Turkey.
  • Other trees do not take root on poor sandy soils of the Mediterranean region. Mediterranean pine has great potential as an alternative culture with minimal attention to plantations. Trees satisfy the demand for cedar nuts, used for the production of timber, firewood for local residents. Among the pines they graze cattle, hunt wild animals and collect mushrooms.

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