Kabarga from the Red Book a photo and a description of where it lives and what it eats, the voice of a cabarge

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Kabarga is a mammal that is an intermediate animal between the Olenoks and the real deer. Include Kabarg to representatives of the Kabarg family. It also includes the only genus of Kabargi and a large number of already extinct sabertoothed deer. A related animal is Olenka.

Appearance

The appearance of the cabarge resembles a deer, but without characteristic horns. In its dimensions, Kabarg reaches one meter of body length with a weight of up to 20 kilograms. The front legs are shorter than the rear. Because of this feature, the animal looks hunched over. Males are endowed with sharp fangs that protrude from the upper lips. The size of these fangs can reach 9 centimeters. They are used in tournament battles between individuals. Kabarga has a rather short tail with a length of 6 centimeters. The color of the wool is brown, and on the head gray. The bottom of the body of the whitish shade. In young individuals, yellow spots can be observed. The wool itself is mainly from the outer hair, due to which the cabarga has good thermal insulation. Also, the fur coach does not pass the liquid, thanks to this they are perfectly afloat and reservoirs can be crossed.

Varieties and habitat

At the moment, there are seven types of cabarg that differ in the habitat. These include:

  1. Siberian Kabargu. Siberia and the Far East inhabited;
  2. Himalayan Kabargu. Lives mainly in the Himalayas;
  3. Redhaired Kabargu. Settled in the areas of China, as well as in Tibet and Butan;
  4. Ankhoy Kabargu. Lives in the eastern regions of China, in particular, in the province of Ankhoy;
  5. Kabarga Berezovsky. Became widespread in China and Vietnam;
  6. Black Kabargu. The habitat is India, Butane, Nepal and China;
  7. Kashmir Kabargu. Inhabited the territory of India and Pakistan. It is found in Afghanistan.

Kabargs live mainly at an altitude of up to 900 meters. Sometimes they can occur in the territory of 1600 meters above the sea. These animals settle in coniferous forests, where they hide from predators and people.

Lifestyle

Kabarga leads an active life. Its physiology allows you to be a great jump. These animals are capable of changing the movement of almost 90 degrees. They are saved from danger like the dexterity of hares. Running away, they climb high cliffs and mountains.

Kabargi love a lonely lifestyle. Even groups of related individuals are practically not found. However, they are quite calm about related animals, while other species are experiencing aggression. Kabarg is inherent in territorial behavior. They protect the areas chosen by them using the glands of musk, which are located on the back of the body.

In the season, the reproduction of the cabargy can organize tournament battles, which are not rarely ended with the death of the opponent. In other periods, animals are relatively calm.

Also, these amazing mammals are endowed with extremely thin and sharp hearing. They can even hear the crack of branches and the crunch of snow when another predator approaches. Due to this, a cabarga may hide. When, during the period of large blizzards, a loud noise raises, a cabarga may not distinguish the sounds of the enemy and not have time to hide. Hide from predatory animals, running away from the cornices that hang over the abyss.

Food

The diet of this animal consists mainly of lichens located under the trees. Due to its dexterity, Kabarg can climb a tree and even jump from branches. A warm period of time characterizes the variety in the diet. Cedar and fir needles, blueberries, horsetails and ferns appear in the diet.

Kabarga is distinguished by its lean relations with lichens. Even on her locality, at the moments of hunger, she carefully eats the remnants of lichens, some of which leaves them to be prophesy.

Kabargi female

Propagation period

The marriage period lasts from November to December, during which time they actively mark their territory. This period is extremely fussy for animals, so they become quite aggressive, trying to protect the territory and their chosen ones from potential rivals. Raid is characterized by battles between the cabarges, where they intimidate each other, and after which they can enter into deadly contractions. Young representatives usually retreat against more mature, since the outcome of the battle may not turn into their direction. When the tournament begins, the cabaries hit each other’s legs, while he was very jumping to make a strong blow. The battles also use fangs that can greatly injure the opponent. The winner of the male receives the female.

Many males lose their fangs in battles, because they may not withstand such a blow to the impact.

The period of pregnancy lasts from 185 to 195 days, as a result of which two cubs come out into the light. They appear in the warm period of time, and literally immediately after birth, only. The female leaves her offspring a short distance. At first, she feeds her cubs with milk and protects them from the attack of predatory animals. Literally by 3-5 months, small boarks live in a completely lonely and independent life.  Sexually mature cabars become aged six months.

Life expectancy

The life expectancy in the wild rarely exceeds 5 years. While in captivity, they are able to live up to 15 years. Thanks to their ability to produce musk, they are subject to hunting. Since one cabarga can produce up to 20 grams of natural musk, which has a greater value.

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