Koala a photo of the animal, which mainland lives on, what eats, interesting facts

Koala a completely touching, unusual and unique animal.

What mainland does the koala live on?

The marsupial bear of Koala is a symbol and endemic of Australia and, due to rare beauty, lives in the reserves and is listed in the Red Book. The bear resembles a plush toy that you never want to let out. A touching animal was discovered by Europeans in the 19th century and has since been considered the most popular on the whole planet.

General characteristics of the Coala

Despite the fact that the coal is called an Australian bear, with formidable animals the animal has nothing to do with. Representatives of herbivores belong to the family of marsupials. The appearance of the animal is quite unusual: thick and short wool of gray or smoky shade, white abdomen, small weight (up to 14 kg) and body length about 85 cm. Koala has poor vision due to small and blind eyes. This loss fully replenishes the wonderful hearing and smell. Animals have large ears located on the edges of the head and a flattened black nose.

Nature made sure that the coals easily eat grass, creating the ideal tooth structure for this process. A feature of the bears are their front tenacious paws and long claws that allow animals to move freely and live on trees. In animals, the limbs are interesting: the front have two twophalanx thumbs and three standard (with three phalanges). Rear have one thumb and four ordinary fingers (without nails). Coal also has a small tail that is almost invisible under the wool.

Life and nutrition of animals

Coals are darkloving animals who prefer to sleep on trees’ branches during the day. Mixed bears belong to calm, phlegmatic, goodnatured animals. Coals love a single, even hermit life and are connected only with the purpose of propagation. Each animal has its own separate territory, which is unacceptable, otherwise an aggressive reaction may follow.

Coals are vegetarians. They love to eat eucalyptus leaves, shoots and other plants. For many herbivores, these types of flora are not interesting, as they contain a small amount of protein and synical acid. An adult animal can eat up to 1.1 kg of leaves per day. Coals drink very little and some enough to enjoy the morning dew to quench thirst.

Interesting facts about bears

Coals are considered sedentary animals, which is explained by a small rate of metabolism in the body. Nevertheless, marsupial bears are able to run and perfectly jump from one tree to another.

Many herbivores cannot eat eucalyptus, because it contains toxic substances in destructive amounts. In the body of the Coal, neutralizing negative compounds occurs, and the bears feel great.

Coals peaceloving animals. At the same time, they cannot boast of a safe life. Mixed bears often get sick, including sinusitis, cystitis, periostitis of the skull and conjunctivitis. In many cities, special centers are equipped in which sick animals are treated.

Australian bears are almost all the time motionless or eat. They prefer to be alone, therefore they practically do not make sounds. However, if necessary, animals can scream strongly and even growl.

During the pressing of the animal to the tree, thermoregulation occurs. For example, in the heat, koals climb into acacia, as this is the coolest tree.

Mammals have unique patterns on the fingertips, so that they can be identified.

Coal propagation

Males have marsupials for a bifurcated penis, and females have two vagina with the corresponding number of uterus. Despite this, koala, as a rule, is born one cub.

The propagation period of bears begins in the month of October and lasts until February. Females choose their own partner on their own. The selection criteria is affected by the size of the male and the volume of his scream. In the nature of male representatives among the Coal is much less than female. Therefore, one male may have a connection with three or five females.

Koala nurses a cub from 30 to 35 days. Two bear cubs are extremely rare. An interesting fact that the female can get pregnant only once every two years. At birth, the koalas do not have wool and in the first days are under the complete care of the mother (drinks breast milk and sit in a bag like a kangaroo). Over time, the cubs climb the mother on the scruff of the scruff, reliably clinging to the wool. By the end of the first year of life, the young coals are ready for independent existence, but have been near the mother for several more years. In the future, bears forever leave their home and go on “free swimming”.

Coals amazing animals that can feel and experience pain like people. They can cry loudly and tearfully, which is accompanied by trembling.

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