Kobchik photo and description of the bird of the red book than eats, interesting facts

A kobchik is a medium-small, long-winged species of birds. Adult male gray-blue, with the exception of the red bottom of the tail and paws. The female has a gray back and wings, an orange head and lower body, a white head with black stripes at the eyes and a “mustache”. Young birds above are brown, below with dark veins, a pattern on the head like a female. Kobchiki in length 28-34 cm, wingspan 65-75 cm.

Natural habitat

There is a view of all types of open areas, bordered by plantings or with rare trees, where numerous populations of victims are found, especially insects. These include:

  • steppes and wooded steppes;
  • gallery forests along the coast of rivers crossing meadows;
  • swamps or flushing, peat bogs;
  • drained and irrigated fields;
  • large forest glades;
  • charred areas;
  • parks, gardens, groves (even within cities);
  • The foothills of the mountains.
  • Kobchiks do not build nests, colonial trends of the species shift the choice of habitat in the direction of areas where large birds (for example, vague) were previously released seasonally, suitable nests are released, preferably in the crowns of high dense trees of any kind, broadleaved or coniferous trees.

    Air wires, pillars and other structures use cobs to relax between insect hunting sessions.

    What the holster eats

    Kobchiki feed mainly by insects, but they also hunt in small vertebrates, including amphibians, reptiles and mammals. Birds soar, looking for accumulations of insects. Most of the air hunting occurs in the middle of the day, in the morning and closer to the evening, birds sit on trees or power lines, where they rest and gain strength. In the winter area in the south of Africa they hunt flocks, small emptys join the cobs. Birds feed:

  • termites;
  • clusters of locusts;
  • other sources of food.
  • Reproduction and offspring of kobchiks

    Kobchik nests in the west of Eastern Europe, in Central and North Central Asia, with the main range from Belarus south to Hungary, North Serbia and Montenegro, Romania, Moldova and Eastern Bulgaria, east through Ukraine and north-west to south of Eurasia and North Kazakhstan, to the north-west of China and the Supreme of the Lena River (Russia).

    Upon arrival at the reproduction site at the end of April, the male conducts a brief demonstration of marriage, which follows a simple choice of a pair. Egg laying occurs shortly after this (within 3 weeks after arrival), and the birds then incubate eggs in large colonies of abandoned (or captured) nests.

    3-5 eggs incubate both members of the pair for 21-27 days, starting from the laying of the second egg. Young animals are born at intervals in 1 or 2 days, inspired after 26-27 days.

    The nesting colonies of the kobchiks begin to leave around the third week of August and by the end of the same month the reproduction places are empty.

    Where hobby fly in winter

    Migration begins in midSeptember. The view of the kobchiks in the south, from southern Africa to the north to the southern part of Kenya winter.

    The main threats to birds

    The total number of kobchiks is about 300-800 thousand copies, but recent data indicate that in some regions the number of birds is significantly reduced. In Europe, there are 26–39 thousand pairs (which is 25–49% of the total).

    In key groups of Eurasia and in Ukraine, the number of kobchiks decreased by more than 30% in 10 years (3 generations). In Eastern Siberia, this species disappears from Baikalia.

    In Hungary, there are 800-900 pairs, in Bulgaria there are few active colonies left. The populations in Central Asia are stable and common in suitable habitats (especially in the foreststeppe zone), and there is no evidence that the population is reduced there.

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