Kurgannik photo and description of the bird, how it looks and where it lives | Red Book

Kurgannik (lat. Buteo rufinus) is a predatory bird that belongs to the hawk family and is one of the representatives of the small family of real kanyuk.


A very massive predator that can reach an impressive size. It is considered the largest flying mammal in all of the Palearctic. The body can reach more than seventy centimeters in length, and the wingspan affects the imagination and varies from 150 to 180 centimeters, which already exceeds the average growth of an ordinary person. Many factors are similar to their brother, kanyuk, but the size of the Kurgannik is more significant, and his wings have a larger array. With such a large physique, the weight of the bird with rare exceptions exceeds 2-3 kilograms, which is why the animal seems too skinny, but this does not affect its life.

This is a longlegged, longtailed and longwinged bird, which at the same time has a rather small head. On her legs, she has noticeable skin folds that form something similar to human pants. The tail is long and sharp, and due to the cut in the center there is a feeling that it is completely part of the wings.

It does not have some kind of color, but this bird is problematic to call this bird also inconspicuous. The body has several shades of reddish or hoarse color, the head is lighter, and the belly and some parts of the sides are noticeably darker than the rest of the limbs. The tail is painted in a monotonous red color without stripes or spots. When the barbannik takes off, on the inside of its wing you can notice a fairly wide spot of white color, which is formed due to fly feathers. If you come almost back, which is not possible for an ordinary tourist, you can notice small strips on your back. In rare cases, this bird has a color from ordinary, for example, the plumage is unnaturally dark, some areas are covered with spots or other differences. All this is due to deviations in the genetic code that happens, but this is only an exception to the rules. During the flight, the Kurgannik with dark feathers is almost indistinguishable from the individuals of the hint or even kanyuk, which can also have dark shades instead of light. In addition to the size, this mammal differs from brothers in the absence of transverse clarification on the chest.

Young individuals are smaller and lighter than the elderly, but even so they do not have any good differences with age.

Lifestyle and behavior

Kurgannik is one of the most important inhabitants of the dry space of his habitat. His lifestyle is associated with constant hunting and flights in different directions. This far from a small bird nests on high branches nest. The construction of the nest takes a long time, and the place of residence itself has impressive dimensions to fit not only one individual, but also eggs, as well as a partner. As places for residence, there are mainly various ravines, rocks, pillars or towers. Sometimes, due to the lack of a better and more acceptable place, the animal has to build its nest among many branches of trees, and in extreme cases it settles on ordinary flat earth, but does not live there for a long time and tries to find the best place to stay more likely.

In addition to the vastness of the territory, Kurganniks are looking for high places for a good view, thanks to which they will be able to quickly find prey and attack it at high speed. Even the nests of the ravens act as a dwelling, with which the hawk bird comes into conflict and literally selects the monastery from them.

Where they live

The habitat is distributed to the entire territory of North Africa, as well as in the desert parts of the Eurasian continent, for example, in the west of Mongolia or near the Black Sea region, India or Arabia. The main zones are steppes, deserts and forest stacks. The wandering in winter cold occurs south, closer to fullfledged deserts, such as sugar. Some of these inhabitants of the airspace can fly to wintering to the southern zones of Eurasia, so people met small herds near the Krasnodar or Rostov Territory. The number of animals, despite their size and strength, is still gradually decreasing. Because of this, the Kurgannik is listed in the World Red Book, as well as in the Red Book of Eurasia.

What they eat

Small rodents are usually used as food, which is easiest to hunt a predatory bird. The diet consists of gophers, gerbils, some insects and reptiles, for example, lizards. In winter, when most prey goes into hibernation or hides, the Kurgan does not disdain the carrion.


Running eggs has a duration of about a month, there are almost never many eggs in the masonry, mainly 2-3 of them, but sometimes the number can reach five. The chicks are fed for a month and a half, and then they become independent and leave the nest.

Red Book

In the Red Book of Eurasia, a representative of the Orlins family, Kurgannik, is recorded as a rare disappearing species. The mass reduction of the population began in the last century due to the increase and improve the agricultural industry. The fields that people open more and more every year, ultimately remain without rodents acting as the main food of hunting birds.

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