Magel’s horseshoe photo and description of how it looks and where it lives | Red Book

Mageli horsepower (lat. Rhinolophus mehelyi) is a type of bat. In their disposition, they are quite calm and peaceful. They do not attack each other, even being in extreme conditions. The peak of their activity is at night. They make low creaky sounds characteristic of all representatives of the genus.


Mageli horseshoe a rather rare appearance listed in the Red Book of Eurasia. He got his name in honor of the Hungarian zoologist Laias. It is he who is the creator of the “Monographs of the bats of Hungary”. Megeli belongs to the class of mammals of the screeching detachment. Family: Bat Mouse. Has a limited habitat.

Interesting fact: these animals are easy to confuse with young representatives of a large hillock. The characteristic external features of the species are pronounced gray-brown circles around the eyes.

As a running horseshoe, Megelus chooses basements, grottoes, attics, caves. Females easily get along in the neighborhood with other types of bats. On average, such mammals live for 2 years. However, there were cases when individuals survived up to 10 years. In winter, they hibernate.

As food, they prefer butterflies and doublewinged. Horseshoes can hunt all night for them. Such a duration of food is explained by the fact that the body of the night butterflies has fluff and hairs that absorb ultrasound. Babs for food use vill on the muzzle, with which they form sound signals with a frequency of 105–112 kHz. It is interesting to note that with their help they are well oriented in space and recognize individuals from their colony.

In addition to villi bats, 32 small teeth have 32. It is quite difficult to notice them. With such teeth it is impossible to bite the skin of another creature. That is why bats feed on insects that are caught right on the fly.


The body length of this species ranges from 55-65 cm. All individuals have a tail (25-30 cm.) and ears (up to 23 cm.). They have a rather large and massive skull in comparison with other types of bats.

The horseshoe of Megeli has wool. Its color ranges from brown-gray to pale foul. In the summer, the wool has a lightweight color, and in the fall-smoky-gray. The belly is always lighter than the rest of the color. The hairs on the muzzle are in the shape of a horseshoe.

The fourth metarpal bone is equal (or by 1.5 mm. in short) 5th, as well as 1-2.5 mm longer than the 3rd. The length of the 1st phalanx of the 3rd finger is 15 mm. Bone snails are small and distant from each other.

Red Book

Mageli horseshoe is a widespread look. In the Red Book, he is awarded the 2nd category of rarity. This is due to a reduction in numbers due to direct anthropogenic effects. However, to date, special security measures have not been held.

It is worth noting that this type of bat is taking root in captivity.

The main danger to Megel is human activity (mining developments and recreational measures).

Where it lives

The horseshoe of Meghels live mainly in the countries of the Mediterranean, Front Asian and Transcaucasia. Only one colony lives in Eurasia. She is in Dagestan in the Karabudakhkent cave. For their living, bats choose areas with a steppe landscape.

For reference: the number of a well-known colony in Dagestan in the early 80s was approximately 1000 individuals.

Block mice of the horseshoe of Megeli are harmless creatures that are on the verge of disappearance. Rare mammals do not carry out any harm to agriculture and man himself.

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