Plants of the Malvov family are a family of dicotyledonous, which includes both wood forms and shrub, as well as vines and herbs, numbering about 200 genera and more than four thousand different plants.
A huge number of representatives of this family were widespread in both hemispheres (southern and north), mainly in tropical and subtropical zones. However, mallow did not take root in the Arctic areas and are almost absent in the northern regions.
In their structure, mallow are mostly mesophilic plants that have no influence in plant communities. Among this family there are almost no aquatic plants (in full sense), although some of them are common in deserts.
And many of the species of these plants are known as ruderal weeds and not only in the tropics.
The most popular plants of this family are alte, mallow, hibiscus, cotton. Most of the mallow are decorative, and some are used in medicine, and there are those that combine two of these functions.
Types of mallow plants
Malva (mallowed and rosa)
Characteristic and features
The general features of the mallow family are recognized as sticky juice and characteristic pubescence hairs diverging by rays along the stem. The leaves themselves are equipped with fodder vests, and on the stem are located in the next order.
Plant flowers are bisexual, but in some species there are also separate flowers. Typically, the perianth is surrounded by five cups and the same number of petals, each of which is full of stamens. Thus, the petals are combined into one, and such a whisk always falls entirely. The male flower is represented by an Andrceum five stamens, but Ginetius is formed by a pestle complex in structure.
The fruit of the plants of the mallow family is usually formed by several species:
Mallow plants are known to many in decorative qualities-the same mallow, or roses. Some of them, thanks to mucous substances that are available in almost all parts of the plant, are used for medical purposes. Thus, in countries with moderate climate, alte is widespread as an antiinflammatory agent.