Medical waste includes preparations with an expired shelf life, residues from potions and tablets, packaging material, gloves, infected catering units, dressing materials. All these waste is formed from the activities of research laboratories, forensic institutions, hospitals, in veterinary clinics.
In developed countries, this type of waste is destroyed by high temperatures, in Eurasia, this type of waste is discarded to common city landfills with garbage, this significantly increases the risk of infection and the spread of infection.
In each institution there is a special instructions for collecting utilities with safety rules. Legislation involves a license for organizations that are engaged in the disposal of medical garbage. License have the right to issue special sanitary and epidemiological departments.
Solving the problem of waste disposal
Medical waste, regardless of their variety, can cause significant harm to human health, harm the ecosystem and its inhabitants. Suffering is divided into classes:
Each type of waste has its own disposal rules. All varieties except A class fall into the mandatory group of destruction. Many institutions neglect the rules of waste disposal and take them to a general landfill, which over time, under an adverse set of circumstances, can cause mass epidemics of infectious diseases.
The risk group includes people living near the landfill training grounds, as well as a group of people who serve landfills, animals, birds and insects can also act as carriers of infection.
The use of special equipment for the destruction of medical waste is very costly, the state saves on disposal.
Collection and processing of medical waste
The collection and processing of medical waste is engaged in special organizations that underwent a sanitary inspection and received a license for this type of activity. Such institutions conduct a special journal, in which data processing data are entered, each waste class has its own accounting form.
The process of disposal of raw materials has the following stages:
The state of the ecosystem and its inhabitants will depend on the quality of liquidation of medical waste.
Waste collection requirements
SanPiN establishes the rules for collecting medical waste, if they are not respected, then after the next check for the organization will be a fine or a ban on this type of activity. Longterm waste storage is prohibited, as well as temporary storage without disinfecting procedures. Working space should be qualitatively disinfected. Packing of utillards with expired medicines in a bag of any color is allowed, except for yellow and red.
There are instructions for the collection of waste:
Proper adherence to the instructions will protect from infection of employees who are collecting waste.
Waste storage tanks
The main requirements for the selection of correct equipment and waste collection are:
The volume of tanks can be different from 0.5 liters to 6 liters. There are several varieties of tank:
Much depends on the quality of the used equipment for transportation of waste, including the safety of the surrounding people who are in contact with tanks or packages.
Disinfection of raw materials and ways to eliminate it
The main requirements for the processing of hazardous medical waste include the inadmissibility of the reuse of tools, gloves, spoiled medicines, and highquality disinfection is also required, with its help the possibility of the spread of infection is excluded.
Medical waste processing includes:
Waste liquidation can be carried out either by the hospital or the institution where medical equipment is required, and thirdparty organizations may be involved in the elimination of raw materials.
On the territory of the institution, only garbage that is not harmful to others can be liquidated. Waste that is dangerous requires a special approach and equipment, therefore, they are liquidated by special organizations.
Disposal of medical equipment
The SanPiN Rules say that thirdparty organizations are engaged in the liquidation of medical equipment that has a license for this type of activity. Medical tools and garbage that are not dangerous is eliminated in a medical institution in compliance with the established safety rules.
SanPiN has not just developed a technique to destroy medical garbage, if they are observed, then you can prevent the risk of infection of a large number of people and animals, protect the environment from pollution.