Minerals of the Crimea non-metallic and ore

The variety of minerals in the Crimea is due to the geological development and structure of the peninsula. There are many industrial minerals, building rocks, combustible resources, salt minerals and other materials.

metal fossils

A large group of minerals in the Crimea is iron ores. They are mined in the Kerch basin of the Azov-Black Sea province. The thickness of the formations varies on average from 9 to 12 meters, and the maximum is 27.4 meters. Iron content in ore up to 40%. The composition of ores contains the following elements:

  • manganese;
  • phosphorus;
  • calcium;
  • iron;
  • sulfur;
  • vanadium;
  • arsenic.
  • All ores of the Kerch basin are divided into three groups: tobacco, caviar and brown. They differ in color, structure, depth of layers and impurities.

    Minerals of the Crimea nonregional and ore

    Nonmetallic fossils

    There are a lot in Crimea and nonmetallic resources. These are different types of limestones used in the construction industry:

  • Marble used for road surface, mosaic and facade decoration of buildings;
  • Nummulite operated as a wall building material;
  • Mshant breeds consist of skeletons of Mshakok (marine organisms), are used for block structures, decoration and architectural decor;
  • Fly necessary for ferrous metallurgy;
  • Rakushikov-premises consist of crushed shells of mollusks, is used as a filler of reinforced concrete blocks.
  • Among other types of non-metallic rocks in the Crimea, marls are mined, in which there are clay and carbonate particles. There are deposits of dolomites and dolomitic limestones, clay and sand are mined.

    Of great importance are the salt resources of Lake Sivash and other salt lakes. Salt concentrated brine brine contains about 44 elements, among which there are potassium, sodium salts, bromine, calcium, magnesium. The percentage of salt in brine varies from 12 to 25%. Thermal and mineral waters are also valued here.

    Minerals of the Crimea non-metallic and ore

    fossil fuels

    Separately, it is worth mentioning such Crimean wealth as oil, natural gas and coal. These resources have been extracted and used here since ancient times, however, the first oil wells were drilled in the middle of the nineteenth century. One of the first deposits was located on the territory of the Kerch Peninsula. Now there is a prospect to extract oil products from the Black Sea shelf, but this requires high-tech equipment.

    Minerals of the Crimea non-metallic and ore
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