Mixed forests of Eurasia and the world climate, Taiga zone, natural zone, species

Mixed forests of Eurasia and the world climate, Taiga zone, natural zone, species

Mixed forests are a natural zone that is characteristic of moderate climate. Here at the same time broadleaved and coniferous trees grow, so the forest has such a name. The location of this type on the planet:

  • North America north of the USA, South of Canada;
  • Eurasia in the Carpathians, in the south of Scandinavia, in the Far East, in Siberia, in the Caucasus, the sulfur part of the Japanese islands;
  • South America;
  • New Zealand part of the islands.
  • In the north, the taiga is located from coniferous-cheap forests. In the south, the mixed forest goes into broadleaved forests or to foreststeppe.

    Climatic conditions

    The natural zone of mixed forests is distinguished by a pronounced change in seasons. The world of flora and fauna is adapted to frost and the heat here. The average winter temperature is –16 degrees Celsius, and this indicator may drop to –30 degrees. The cold season has an average duration. Summer in this zone is a warm, average temperature varies from +16 to +24 degrees. There are not a lot of precipitation for a year, about 500-700 millimeters.

    Types of flora

    The main forestforming rocks of mixed forests:

    Mixed forests of Eurasia and the world climate, Taiga zone, natural zone, species
  • oak;
  • maple;
  • pine;
  • spruce.
  • In the forests there are willow and mountain ash, alder and birch. Deciduous trees in the fall drop off leaves. Coniferous trees remain green all year. The exception is only larch.

    Mixed forests of Eurasia and the world climate, Taiga zone, natural zone, species

    In mixed European forests, in addition to the main forestforming breeds, viscies, linden, ash, apple trees grow. Among shrubs there are viburnum and honeysuckle, hazel and birch bark warty. In the Caucasus, in addition to the listed breeds, beech and fir are still growing.

    The Far East is characterized by the spruce of Ayan and the Mongolian oak, a wholeleaved fir and a nasal Manchurian, the Amur velvet and other plant species. In the southeast of Asia in coniferous forests there are teas, larch, birch, Tsuga, as well as a undergrowth-bushes of lilacs, jasmine and rhododendron.

    Mixed forests of Eurasia and the world climate, Taiga zone, natural zone, species

    North America is rich in the following plant species:

  • sequoia;
  • sugar maple;
  • Weimutov pine;
  • Balsamic fir;
  • yellow pine;
  • West Tsuga;
  • Twocolor oak.
  • Mixed forests are a very interesting natural zone, which is represented by a huge biodiversity. Forests of this type are common on almost all continents and on some islands of a temperate belt. Some plant species are found in all mixed forests, while others are characteristic only for certain ecosystems.

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