Monitoring of the natural environment, resources and objects of nature

Environmental monitoring is carried out in the natural environment, which allows you to observe the dynamics of changes in all processes in ecosystems. All data is collected by special services from various objects, observations are made, which are further analyzed.

Types of environmental monitoring

Ecomonitoring according to the degree of research and scale is divided into:

  • bioecological, which analyzes sanitary and hygienic standards;
  • geosystem, during which the data of economic and natural lands are studied;
  • biospheric, for which a general picture is compiled on a planetary scale.
  • To monitor the state of the environment, various data are collected on the level of air and water pollution, weather indicators and the state of inanimate nature. It also researches all climate data and changes. At the level of biological monitoring, monitoring of living organisms and their condition in case of pollution and environmental changes is carried out. In addition, environmental monitoring includes the collection of data on morbidity and health status of people. All this makes it possible to predict the state of the earth’s biosphere and identify environmental problems.

    Monitoring of the natural environment, resources and objects of nature

    Ecomonitoring levels

    In general, data collection is carried out at various levels:

    Monitoring of the natural environment, resources and objects of nature
  • detailed studies of a small land plot or territory;
  • local carried out within the district or locality;
  • regional the state of the regional level is being studied;
  • national environmental monitoring of a particular country is carried out;
  • global carried out within the framework of the UN program, changes are being studied on a planetary scale.
  • Importance of environmental monitoring

    Environmental monitoring is carried out on an ongoing basis by special departments. This information allows you to obtain data on the state of the environment at a certain time with maximum accuracy in order to clean up the biosphere and rationally use natural resources. It also allows you to monitor the circulation of substances in the environment, determine the time of decomposition of various types of waste, recycle some of them and reduce the anthropogenic impact on nature in order to overcome various environmental problems.

    Therefore, environmental monitoring is an essential activity to control the state of our planet. It allows you to timely record all the changes on the basis of which the forecast is built. In turn, it helps to determine how certain natural goods should be spent.

    Monitoring of the natural environment, resources and objects of nature

    Environmental Monitoring Program

    The monitoring system program is understood as a set of organization goals, specific behavior strategies and implementation mechanisms. The main components are:

  • objects that have a territorial reference, which are under the strict control of services;
  • control indicators;
  • admissible areas of change of indicators;
  • time scales.
  • Each program contains designed maps, tables showing places and dates, as well as sampling methods, charts and other important data. Also, the program includes remote analysis methods that allow you to determine the state of the environment.

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