Environmental monitoring is carried out in the natural environment, which allows you to observe the dynamics of changes in all processes in ecosystems. All data is collected by special services from various objects, observations are made, which are further analyzed.
Types of environmental monitoring
Ecomonitoring according to the degree of research and scale is divided into:
To monitor the state of the environment, various data are collected on the level of air and water pollution, weather indicators and the state of inanimate nature. It also researches all climate data and changes. At the level of biological monitoring, monitoring of living organisms and their condition in case of pollution and environmental changes is carried out. In addition, environmental monitoring includes the collection of data on morbidity and health status of people. All this makes it possible to predict the state of the earth’s biosphere and identify environmental problems.
In general, data collection is carried out at various levels:
Importance of environmental monitoring
Environmental monitoring is carried out on an ongoing basis by special departments. This information allows you to obtain data on the state of the environment at a certain time with maximum accuracy in order to clean up the biosphere and rationally use natural resources. It also allows you to monitor the circulation of substances in the environment, determine the time of decomposition of various types of waste, recycle some of them and reduce the anthropogenic impact on nature in order to overcome various environmental problems.
Therefore, environmental monitoring is an essential activity to control the state of our planet. It allows you to timely record all the changes on the basis of which the forecast is built. In turn, it helps to determine how certain natural goods should be spent.
Environmental Monitoring Program
The monitoring system program is understood as a set of organization goals, specific behavior strategies and implementation mechanisms. The main components are:
Each program contains designed maps, tables showing places and dates, as well as sampling methods, charts and other important data. Also, the program includes remote analysis methods that allow you to determine the state of the environment.