Favi (lat. Sapajus nigritus), or brown, crested kapucin, parlorrowing wide monkeys, family of tenacious monkeys.
Brown kapuzins or phavi can be identified without any problems at first glance thanks to two crests similar to horns adults have such jewelry. It is Favi who was unanimously recognized by the most smart from the primates of America: usually they are able to break the nuts with stones, and they are caught by amphibians “wip” about the bark of trees ”. This species is perfectly served by training in captivity.
These monkeys are one of the large representatives of the Kapucin family. They grow up to 55 cm, and their tail can have a length of up to 70 cm long and belongs to a grasp. The weight of these primates can be up to 4.8 kg.
Favi are large primates themselves impressive among the capacins. On the top of these monkeys there is a spot of dark wool, it was called the cap. That’s why this primat began to call this primacy above the ears. Favi’s limbs of a brush, feet and a darker tail (black). And these are the only of the kapuzins that can turn their tail in the shape of a ring. Favi wool of dark brown and mustard yellow shade (or even black), and on the face (cheeks and forehead) is usually white. Some individuals have a lighter wool on their backs. The limbs are usually black.
Where it lives
To date, brown kapucins can be found in many countries of South America: from Argentina, Bolivia to Columbia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Paraguay and Peru.
Favi are found in wet tropical or subtropical forests, but they can be found in dry gallery thickets. So, in Argentina (in its northwest), Favi lives perfectly in mountain forests at a fairly impressive height (up to 1100 m).
Kapuzins move on all limbs, and are well able not only to jump from branch to branch, but also climbing the trunks using the tail as a fifth limb. Their legs and arms are short, but this prevents them from jumping 3-4 meters. A short time (and a short distance) Favi are able to move on two legs, using hands for transferring food.
Favi lead a day lifestyle. Usually they exist in family groups of up to 30 individuals, in which matriarchy reigns and females usually numerically larger. The group is headed by dominant female and male and there is a separate hierarchy for females and for males. The group is held in a certain territory with an area of up to 300 hectares.
And almost all its time (up to 90%) spends in search of food, using a powerful system and gestures, and sounds for communication.
Despite the fact that all the capucins are quite territorial, Favi are quite loyal to the neighbors. Their territories often intersect (almost 40%) and many groups calmly eat in border areas.
Throughout the day, the group covers the territory up to 2 thousand square meters.m. And here you can observe a clear distribution of responsibilities: the dominant male only protects the territory from the invasion (making sharp sounds) without controlling it. He can organize an attack on another group in violation of the territory, leading the rest of the males. His task also includes the protection of young animals, but he is quite capable of showing aggression in relation to males who are not his offspring. Males, noteworthy, can change the group.
The dominant male enjoys the right to choose a female and food, it is he and his close associates begin to eat the first. The process of feeding the moment causing in the group the brightest moment of aggression, which is accompanied by screams and noise.
Monkeys of this species are omnivorous, but prefer fruits: thanks to the strong structure of the jaw, they are able to consume even larger fruits than other species. In the diet of primates, in addition to plant foods, there are insects, reptiles, small vertebrates and birds, eggs and even small mammals.
The period of pregnancy in Favi lasts for 160 days and usually one baby is born in the litter (about 250 grams.). The first five weeks it is helpless, and does not get off from the wool of the mother.
Favi does not have a season for propagation, but usually this period coincides with the drought season or the start of the rain (April July). As a rule, the female gives birth once every two years and it is she who decides with whom to mate: of course, usually this is a dominant male. The puberty of female Favi occurs by 4 years, and the males ripen a little later. Favi is polygamous.
Capuchins can be kept in captivity without problems-they often even take part in TV filming. Sometimes they are even used in working with paralyzed people or as a guide for the blind.
In nature, these primates live up to 20 years, but there are cases when the capucins survived in captivity up to 40 years.
An interesting habit of kapucin is the aromatization of the body, for which they use the fragrance foliage of trees and the smelling pleasantly flowers.