The climate is characterized as unchanging weather regime in the same territory. It depends on the interaction of various factors: solar radioactivity, circulation of air flows, geographical latitudes, the environment. The relief, the proximity of the seas and oceans, the prevailing winds also plays an important role.
The following types of climate are divided: equatorial, tropical, Mediterranean, moderate subarctic, Antarctic. And the most unpredictable and interesting is the monsoon climate.
The nature of the monsoon climate
This type of climate is characteristic of those sections of the planet where the monsoon circulation of the atmosphere predominates, that is, depending on the time of year, in these territories there is a change in the direction of the wind. Musson is a wind that blows from the sea in the summer, and in winter from sushi. Such a wind can bring with you both terrible heat, frosts and drought, and heavy rains and thunderstorms.
The main feature of the monsoon climate is that during the year the number of precipitation drops dramatically changes in its territories. If rains and thunderstorms are frequent in summer, then there is practically no precipitation in winter. As a result, the humidity of the air in the summer is very high, and in the winter low. A sharp change in humidity distinguishes this climate from all others, where precipitation is distributed throughout the year more or less evenly.
Often, the monsoon climate prevails only at the latitude of tropics and subtropics, the subequatorial belt and is practically not found in temperate latitudes and at the equator.
Types of monsoon climate
Musson climate is distributed by type, based on the terrain and latitude. Separate:
Features of types of monsoon climate
Mousson climate of the regions of Eurasia
In Eurasia, the monsoon climate is characteristic of the regions of the Far East. It is characterized by a sharp change in the direction of the winds in different seasons, which is why the number of precipitation falling sharply in different periods of the year. In winter, monsoon air masses here are from the continent to the ocean, so the frost here reaches20-27 degrees, precipitation is absent, frosty and clear weather prevails.
In the summer months, the wind changes direction and blows from the Pacific Ocean to the mainland. Such winds bring rain clouds, and over the summer there is an average of up to 800 mm of precipitation. The temperature during this period rises to +10-20 ° C.
In Kamchatka and the north of the Sea of Okhotsk, the monsoon climate of the tropical east coasts prevails, it is the same as in the Far East, but the colder.
Musson climate continental subtropical is maintained from Sochi to Novorossiysk. Here, even in winter, the atmospheric column rarely drops below zero. Precipitation is evenly distributed throughout the year and can be up to 1000 mm per year.
The influence of the monsoon climate on the development of regions in Eurasia
The monsoon climate has its influence both on the life of the population of the regions in which it prevails and on the development of the economy, the economic activity of the whole country. So, due to adverse natural conditions, most of the Far East and Siberia has not yet been mastered and has not been settled. The most common industry there is mining.