Honey mushrooms one of the best mushrooms. If you observe the conditions for finding, identification and collection, leave the forest with a heavyloaded basket.
- The habitat of mushrooms is
- Honey agaric silent killers
- Symptoms of wood infections
- Distinctive features of mushrooms
- The appearance of the opener
- Edible species of mushrooms
- Summer mushrooms
- Meadow honey mushrooms
- Wrapup honey agarics
- False honey mushrooms
- Sulfuric-yellow false paved
- The falsepollow is seroplastine
- The false pollow is watery
- Useful properties of mushrooms
- Contraindications who should not eat mushrooms
The habitat of mushrooms is
This is a parasitic mushroom that infects trees in the garden and entire stripes of forest. If there are no trees nearby, honey mushrooms grow in the grass. Some wholescents have chosen forests, looking for mushrooms between living, dead and dying trees.
The mushroom is common throughout continental Europe, but rare in Scandinavia. This species is also found in many other parts of the world, including North America.
Honey agaric silent killers
The mushroom is a serious problem in gardening, it kills a large number of trees in gardens and in forestry. It all starts with the dispute that is tolerated by the wind. If there is a small wound on the bark, the dispute sprouts and infects the whole tree. The germinating dispute gives rise to white mycelium, which grows like a network and feeds on a cambium under the bark, then it goes to the roots and the underground part of the tree.
Spore threads, with the help of which honey mushrooms spread on wood and, more importantly, from one tree to another, connect mycelium in an infected tree with a new host tree located several meters away.
Symptoms of wood infections
In infected plants, it turns yellow, decreases in the size and quantitative of the foliage. Slow radial growth and the formation of Callus over the wounds are observed on the trunks. Some infected plants slowly spoil for several years, while others suddenly die.
Distinctive features of mushrooms
Different types of mushrooms have small differences. Outwardly, they are similar and differ only in the color of hats-from yellow to dark brown.
- The mushrooms have no rings on the legs, unless they are a “lesion of the reference”.
- They also often have small iridescent villi on their hats.
- Honey mushrooms love to grow in clusters, fruit mushroom bodies in the central part of the group.
- They grow from under the ground or directly from the dead, dying or infected trees.
- They always have a white spore print.
The appearance of the opener
From 5 to 15 cm across, shape from hemisphere to convex. With age becomes flat with a slight deepening. Small brown scales are scattered on the umbrella, which soon disappear. The hat is thicker at the center, the edge is raised when the mushroom is young, then almost straight, winding in an adult mushroom. Stripes are observed on the surface. The hat is pale or whitish, with aging becomes honey-yellow, yellowish-brown, reddish-brown with a darker area in the center. White and hard flesh.
The gills are not too thick, descending or rising on the leg, first white, then brownish, at the end of the life of spotted rusty.
5-12 x 1-2 cm, cylindrical, sometimes increased or thinner at the base, winding, fibrous, dense, then the density is finally reduced. Color from whitish to the color of the hat, brownish at the base. Decorated with rapidly disappearing fibers on a peristy ring.
Located high on the stem and looks like a double ring with chromium-yellow edges. Membrane, continuous, striped on the upper surface, flakeshaped in the lower part.
Not very plentiful, hard and fibrous in the stem, white, publishes a pleasant mushroom smell, slightly bitter to taste.
Edible species of mushrooms
This attractive edible mushroom appears all year round, often in the form of large bundles, on stumps of deciduous (broadleaved) trees.
It seems that these multicolored small mushrooms grow on forest soil, but if you remove the surface layer of fallen leaves and twigs, find how they feed on buried wood.
Summer mushrooms are widespread in all European countries from Scandinavia to the Mediterranean and in many parts of Asia, Australia and North America.
From 3 to 8 cm in diameter, convex at first, with age becomes flattened with a wide umbrella. Brightly yellowish-brown in young specimens, then it becomes pale blue in the center, acquires a two-tone look. The pulp is pale brown and rather thin.
This is a moistureloving look. It dries from the central part. The outer edge is darker, which distinguishes it from the poisonous galerin bordered, which dries, paler than the edge, the center remains a darker.
The numerous gills at first are pale blond and, as the dispute ripens, the colors of the cinnamon become.
Pale and smooth over the torn ring. Fibrous, scaly and dark yellowish-brown from below, gradually passes almost black at the base. From 5 to 10 mm in diameter and from 3 to 8 cm in height, usually curved. The pulp of a continuous stem at the top is pale brown, with the transition to dark brown at the base.
From reddish-brown to dark brown color. The smell/taste is not distinctive.
Throughout the year, but more in summer and autumn.
Meadow honey mushrooms
They grow in huge quantities in meadows, pastures and sometimes on the edges throughout the continental Europe and most of North America. Meadow honey mushrooms completely dry in hot sunny weather, after rain they return a characteristic shape and color, look like fresh young fruit bodies, create new cells and produce new disputes. Lugovo molesters contain a high concentration of tregalose sugar, which prevents catastrophic damage to cells when fruit bodies drying out, they produce new disputes, regardless of drying and moisture cycles.
This common mushroom flourishes on lawns and in parks, survives even where people often walk. These small mushrooms often create magical almost perfect circles, but when the ring crosses the path along which animals or people often walk, then various levels of nutrients and soil density lead to different growth rate of underground mycelium. As a result, the ring is deformed when it crosses the pedestrian path.
From 2 to 5 cm in the diamonds, originally conquered, flattened with a wide umbrella, orange-ooky or yellowish-brown, skin color or pale cream, smooth, sometimes with very weak marginal grooves.
Attach to the stem or free, at first white, become cream with age.
With a length of 4 to 8 cm and with a diameter of 2 to 6 mm, hard and flexible, white, darkens towards a white and down basis, cylindrical, the base is sometimes slightly swollen, smooth and dry. Stem flesh to the tone of the skin of a white person. Spore printing. The smell of mushroom, but not characteristic. The taste is soft, slightly nutty. Gathering season from June to November.
Wrapup honey agarics
Beautiful outwardly orange-brown winter honey mushrooms bear fruit all winter on rotting stumps and on standing dead wood. The accumulation of magnificent golden-orange hats, strewn with snow into a clear winter morning, see until the end of January, if the winter is not too harsh.
The upper part of the legs of young fruit bodies is pale, the lower darker velvety section of the stem is partially buried in rotten wood, on which the mushroom grows.
On the standing dead trees of cluster, as a rule, multitiered, hats of winter honey agarics are quite even. On the fallen wood, the mushrooms are so tightly located to each other that the hats become almost square.
There are mushrooms on dead elm, ashs, beeches and oaks, and sometimes on other types of broadleaved trees. Winter topes grow in most parts of continental Europe, North Africa and Asia, in North America.
From 2 to 10 cm across, the shape is often distorted due to neighboring hats in the cluster, bright orange, as a rule, slightly darker towards the center. Mucous membrane in raw weather, dry, smooth and shines in dry conditions.
White and wide at the beginning, become pale yellow as the fruit body matures.
Hard and covered with thin velvety down. Usually paler than a hat, brown to the base. The spore print is white.
The smell/taste is not distinctive.
False honey mushrooms
Many species of conditionally wealthy and poisonous mushrooms are outwardly similar to mushrooms. They even grow nearby on the same tree, so that in a hurry you can not notice and fill out the basket of poisonous mushrooms.
Sulfuric-yellow false paved
2-5 cm, convex, becomes widely convex or almost flat, bald, dry. In young mushrooms, yellowish-brown or orange color, become bright yellow, greenish-yellow or golden-yellow with a darker center. The region demonstrates small, thin partial fragments of the curtain.
Closely located, attached to the stem or break away from it. Yellow, become olive or greenish-yellow, due to dusting with disputes, spotted purple-brown or black-handed color acquire.
3-10 cm long, 4-10 mm thick; more or less equal or narrows to the base. The color from bright yellow to yellowish-brown, rusty brown spots from the base upwards up. The bright yellow veil in young mushrooms soon disappears or leaves the zone in the form of a weak ring.
The flesh is thin, yellow. The smell is not distinctive, the taste is bitter. Spore print is purple-brown.
The falsepollow is seroplastine
2-6 cm, from bell-shaped to convex, becomes widely bell-shaped, widely convex or almost flat. Sometimes with a curved edge in young mushrooms. Thin partial veil residues remain on the fields. Bald, dry from yellowish-brown to orange-brown or cinnamon. Usually darker in the center and paler to the edge, often breaks down radially when it matures.
Attached to the stem or tear off from it, at first whitish or yellowish, become gray and ultimately with smoky brown.
2-8 cm long, 4-10 mm thick. Strong, more or less even or slightly narrowed to the base with growth in close clusters. Bald or slightly silky, painted like a hat or paler.
Flesh: from whitish to yellowish; Sometimes it turns slowly when cutting. The smell and taste is not distinctive. Spore printing purple-brown.
The false pollow is watery
Initially hemispherical, becomes bell-shaped, in the final stage almost flat, 2-4 cm on the cross. Fragments of the white veils stick to the edge and hang over it, become less with the age of the fruit body, ultimately blackened from the dispute. Fragile hats break if the mushrooms are located closely.
Initially, the hats are dark red-brown, gradually become dark brown or yellow-brown. Mature specimens hygrophilic, change color depending on whether wet or dry, become pale brown or beige at the edge of the hat in dry weather.
Narrow, congenital, brittle and quite closely located. At first, pinkish-beige, they gradually become dark brown and ultimately almost black.
From 4 to 8 mm in diameter and up to 8 cm in height, straight or slightly curved and often lined with silky fibers.
A partial curtain that covers young gills soon breaks when the hat expands, leaving the white fragments attached to the rim of the hat, there are almost no traces on the leg. Matte, powdery surface near the top and more smooth in the direction of the base.
As the fruit bodies ripen, the stems darken from the falling dispute, most noticeable to the lower part. Spore printing dark brown, almost black. The smell is not distinctive, the taste is bitter.
The difference between false mushrooms and autumn
Useful properties of mushrooms
Delicious and fragrant mushrooms give a rich harvest and are available. Culinary cooks love them for low calorie content and valuable nutrients. Mushrooms contain zinc and copper, vitamins of group B and ascorbic acid.
Contraindications who should not eat mushrooms
Wedding is industrialized on farms, so there is no risk if you buy mushrooms in stores. But still, honey agarics provoke inflammation in the stomach, silch, liver and pancreas.
Mushroom dishes exacerbate allergic reactions, contraindicated in children and pregnant women.