Mushrooms Parasites examples with names, photos and description, signs of class

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Tempobirch

Conditionally sedentary mushroom (only in young form, while soft). Is a source of polyporhenoic acid, which has an antiinflammatory effect.

Grows only on dead birches, one by one or groups. Intensively destroys wood, causing active rot. For 4 months, the tarnish takes up to 50 % of the total mass of the plant.

The mushroom is one-year-old. White pulp, with a sour taste and saturated mushroom aroma. Hat gray-brown color, up to 6 cm in diameter.

Sosnovy tower (bordered tinder

The second name of the mushroom “Tower of the Owner”. Perennial growing sideways to wood. The shape is semicircular (sometimes there is a pillowlike or in the form of a hoof). Without a leg.

The hat on average reaches a diameter of 15 cm, less often up to 30 cm. It is divided into several zones (layers) having different colors (brown, gray, orange or reddish, bluish). The pulp is dense, obsessed.

Grows on stumps, broken pines, coniferous trees. Rarely found in deciduous and mixed forests. Sprofit mushroom causing wood rot (brown rot). Distribution Russia and the European part of the mainland as a whole.

In Siberia, this mushroom is an invasion. Because of it, many timber in warehouses and in the places of logging rotes.

Use a mushroom in medicine as a homeopathic remedy. In industry, it is used as a strong mushroom flavor.

Tempoworker is real

It is considered the most popular tinder in Eurasia. Grows almost everywhere and on different wood rocks. It is considered a perennial.

Mushroom at the beginning of roundshaped growth. A little later acquires a hoofshaped structure.

The hat is large (at the old age reaches up to 40 cm in diameter). There are no legs. The pulp is dense, but soft (sometimes becomes).  Velvet, brownish cut. The total color of the mushroom is light gray, whitish, dark gray.

It is considered a powerful parasite harmful to trees in forests and parks. Very quickly causes white rot in plants. They become dry and rotten.

Loves birch, oak, alder, beech, aspen, etc. It takes root even on living, weak trees, but more often it is amazing already dead specimens.

Scales tower

The mushroom has other names the applicant, Vyazovik, the chimney of the motley, Pestrets. It is considered an annual, grows on wood trunks in spring and summer.

Has an uneven fleshy hat 30–40 cm. Porosity spongy, loose. The color is creamy yellow, with brown spots (scales).

Pestlets is distributed throughout Europe. It can be eaten-it is considered conditional at a young age (while it is soft). Later it becomes tough, similar to a cork, but you can also boil a fragrant broth from it.

Sulfur tower

Yellow bright representative. The mushroom is considered edible, but only so far young. He is fried, salted, boiled and even pickle. Over time, it becomes so much, it becomes not tasty.

Annual. Loves trees trunks (growing not high from the surface of the earth) and old stumps.

Hats are from 10 to 40 cm in diameter. Have a drop-shaped shape with a rich yellow-orange color. The pillows of the fungus are fanshaped. 3-6 kg reach weight. Record up to 10 kg. The pulp is juicy, soft. The color inside is white, the taste is slightly sour. Weak lemon-smudden aroma.

Ergot

In another way, the mushroom is called “fallopian horns”. Parasitizes on cereal crops (often rye, wheat). Affecting plants in cold and raw time.

The use of cereals, massively affected by the mushroom, causes a person severe poisoning. But in small quantities it benefits serves as an ingredient for medicines for neurosis, overexcitation and fear, uterine bleeding.

Rust mushroom

This is not one specific type of mushrooms, but a whole order from the class of pucciniomycetes. It consists of 7798 species. Representatives grow on the lower parts of plants. Most of all, the heterogeneous mushroom is known. It affects cereal crops. There are wood rust mushrooms the cause of many drynesses in the forests of Eurasia.

Manifests itself differently, depending on the type of mushroom. But most cases symptoms are similar:

  • Rusty, orange growths on plants.
  • Yellow, redding mold on the trunks, shoots.
  • Leaves, branches begin to turn yellow, dry.
  • The human body is affected by negative. Cause poisoning.

    Gunny mushroom

    This is a subspecies. Includes several types:

  • stem;
  • solid;
  • bubble;
  • dusty;
  • dwarf.
  • Affects cereal crops, destroying grains in ears. Parasitizes quickly, infecting whole fields. Passed simply in the wind.

    Little life proceeds in latent form. Often mushrooms have been in the “hibernation” for several years. Under favorable conditions, they “wake up” and begin to actively attack the crop of culture.

    Symptoms:

  • Ears darken or blackened.
  • Grains begin to swell, covered with black, gray or brown powder.
  • From culture begins to smell “rot”.
  • Mushroom Botritis

    Microscopic mushroom-parasite, powder, powdery or fluffy. Parasitizes on many plants, widely known in Eurasia.

    Botritis causes a wellknown gray rot on the leaves and fruits. Most often, they are infected:

  • strawberries and strawberries;
  • raspberry;
  • beet;
  • plum;
  • sunflower;
  • grapes and others.
  • A gray or brown rot appears in unhealthy places, the pulp is deoxidized. A gray fluff is formed on top (or dust).

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