Africa is a huge continent, on the territory of which there are a large number of natural zones and various ecosystems. To protect the nature of this mainland, various states created in Africa a large number of parks, the density of which is the largest on the planet. Now there are more than 330 parks, where more than 1.1 thousand are under guard. species of animals, 100 thousand. insects, 2.6 thousand. birds and 3 thousand. fish. In addition to large parks, there are a huge number of natural reserves and natural parks on the African mainland.
In general, Africa has the following natural areas:
The largest national parks
It is impossible to list all the national parks of Africa. We will discuss only the largest and most famous. The Serengeti is located in Tanzania, was created a long time ago.
Gazelles and zebras, wildebeest and various predators are found here.
There are endless expanses and picturesque places with an area of over 12 thousand square meters. sq. kilometers. Scientists believe that the Serengeti is the ecosystem on the planet that has the least changes.
The Masai Mara is located in Kenya and was named after the African Masai people who inhabit the area.
There is a numerical population of lions, cheetahs, buffalo, elephants, hyenas, you can find leopards, gazelles, hippos, rhinos, crocodiles and zebras.
On the area of Masai Mara is small, but here is a high concentration of fauna. In addition to animals, reptiles, birds, amphibians are found here.
Ngorongoro is a national reserve, which is also in Tanzania. Its relief is formed by the remnants of the old volcano. Here on steep slopes there are various types of wild animals. On the plain of Masai graze livestock. It combines wildlife with African tribes that bring minimal changes to the ecosystem.
In Uganda there is a reserve Bwindy, located in dense jungle.
Mountain gorillas live here, and their number is 50% of the total number of individuals on Earth.
In the south of Africa there is the largest Kruger park, where lions, leopards and elephants live. There is also a large Chobe park where various animals are found, including a large population of elephants. There are a huge number of other African national parks, thanks to which the populations of many animals, birds and insects are preserved and increased.