Brazil, with a population of 205,716,890 as of July 2012, is located in Eastern South America adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean. Brazil covers a total area of 8,514,877 km2 and is the fifth largest country in the world in terms of land area. The country has mainly tropical climate.
Brazil has gained independence from the Portuguese in 1822 and has since focused on improving its agricultural and industrial growth. Today, the country is considered the leading economic power and the regional leader in South America. The growth of Brazil in the mining sector helped improve the country’s economy and demonstrate its presence in international markets.
Some countries are awarded natural resources, and Brazil is one of them. Here are in abundance: iron ore, bauxite, nickel, manganese, tin. From nonore materials, they get: topazes, precious stones, granite, limestone, clay, sand. The country is rich in water and forest reserves.
This is one of the most useful natural resources of the country. Brazil is a very famous iron ore producer and is the third largest iron ore producer and exporter in the world. Vale, which is the largest Brazilian multinational company, is associated with the extraction of minerals and metals of various natural resources. It is the most popular iron ore company in the world.
Brazil has sufficient manganese resources. She used to be a leader, but recently she has been pushed aside. The reason was the depletion of reserves and an increase in the industrial production of other powers, such as Australia.
The country was not rich in oil resources from an early stage. Faced with catastrophic shortages due to the oil crisis in the 1970s. About 80 percent of the country’s total oil consumption was imported, leading to high prices that were enough to create an economic crisis in the country. Due to such stimulation, the state began to develop its own deposits and increase the volume of production.
Brazil is distinguished by a wide variety of flora and fauna. This country is famous for the variety of plants. The main reason for the economic success of the power is the presence of the forest industry. Wood is produced in these parts in large quantities.
The main part of the country’s export includes steel. Steel has been produced in Brazil since the 1920s. In 2013, this country was declared the ninth largest manufacturer of metal around the world, since it mined 34.2 million tons annually. About 25.8 million. tons of iron with brazil is exported to different ends of the world. The main buyers include France, Germany, Japan, China and China.
After iron ore, the next main export product of Brazil is gold. Currently, Brazil is considered the 13th largest global producer of this precious metal, with a production volume of 61 million. tons, which is almost 2.5% of world production.
Brazil is the sixth leading producer of aluminum in the world, and in 2010 it produced more than 8 million. tons of bauxite. Aluminum exports in 2010 amounted to 760,000 tons, which was estimated at about 1.7 billion dollars.
Currently, the country continued to act as a leading manufacturer and exporter of dragkamny in South America. Brazil produces highquality precious stones, such as Turmalin Pariba and Imperial Topaz.
In 2009, the extraction of phosphate rocks in Brazil amounted to 6.1 million tons, and in 2010 it amounted to 6.2 million. tons. About 86% of total phosphate rocks in the country are produced by leading mining companies such as Fosfértil S.A., Vale, Ultrafertil S.A. and Bunge Fertilizantes S.A. Domestic consumption of concentrates amounted to 7.6 million tons, while imports 1.4 million. tons.