Picturesque Mexico is located in the central part of America. Its total area is 1,964,375 km2 and occupies several climatic zones: from tropical to desert.
Mexico is a country rich in natural resources such as gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, natural gas and oil. The mineral industry of Mexico is an economically profitable sector and the main source of income for the state.
The main oil-producing regions of Mexico are located in the eastern and southern parts of the country, while gold, silver, copper and zinc can be found in the north and west. Recently, Mexico has become the world’s leading silver producer.
As for the production of other minerals, since 2010 Mexico is:
In 2010, gold mining in Mexico accounted for 25.4% of the total mineral industry. Gold mines produced 72,596 kg of gold, up 41% from 2009.
Mexico accounted for 17.5% of global silver production in 2010, with 4,411 tons of silver mined. Despite the fact that the country does not have significant iron ore reserves, its production is sufficient to meet domestic demand.
Oil is the country’s main export. Moreover, according to statistics, Mexico’s oil industry ranks sixth in the world. Drilling rigs are located mainly along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. The sale of oil and gas is 10% of the total export receipts to the treasury.
Due to the decline in oil reserves, the state has reduced oil production in recent years. Other reasons for the decline in production are the lack of exploration, investment and development of new projects.
The Mexican coastline is 9,331 km long and stretches along the Pacific Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. These waters are rich in fish and other marine life. Fish export is another source of income for the Mexican government.
Along with this, an increase in industry and a dry climate have depleted both ground and underground fresh water reserves of the state. Today, special programs are being created to preserve and restore the country’s hydrobalance.
Land and forest resources
Truly rich land is rich in everyone. Forests Mexico cover an area of about 64 million hectares, or 34.5% of the country’s territory. Forests here can be seen:
The fertile soil of this region gave the world many cultivated plants. Among them are wellknown corn, beans, tomatoes, squash, avocado, cocoa, coffee, various types of spices and much more.